21 June 2024

(Foto: fungiflora.com)


abalienato : transfer of property, alienation.

abavus : great-great-grandfather.

abbas abbatis : father /abbot.

abbatia : abbey, monastery.

abdico : to renounce, reject / abdicate / disapprove of.

abdo : put away, remove / hide, conceal.

abdomen : belly / gluttony.

abduco : to lead, or take away/ detach, withdraw.

abeo : to pass, to have been.

abeo : to digress / change / vanish, disappear.

abeo : + in : to be changed.

abeo : to go away, retire /depart from life, die.

aberro : to wander, deviate, escape.

abhinc : ago, back from now, henceforth, hereafter.

abhorreo :to shudder.

abicio : to throw down, dispense with, get rid of /dishearten, weaken.

abico : to humble, cast aside.

abiego : to send away, send off.

abigo : to drive off, drive away, rustle cattle, steal.

abiungo : to unharnass/ separate, detach.

abiuro : to deny by oath.

abluo : to wash, clean, cleanse.

abnego : to deny, refuse.

abnepos : great-great-grandson.

abnocto : to spend the night out, to stay away all night.

abnuo : to deny.

aboleo : to destroy, abolish, annul, do away with, obliterate, efface.

abolesco : to die, perish, vanish.

abominor : to abhor, hate, detest, abominate.

aborior : to set (as in “the sun sets”).

abortio : miscarriage.

abortivus : one prematurely born.

abrogo: to repeal, annul, remove, take away.

abrumpo: to break off, sever, remove, dissociate, separate.

abruptio: separation, divorce.

abscedo : to go away, depart, leave.

abscido : to cut off, to separate, take away.

absconditus : hidden, concealed.

abscondo : to hide, conceal, secrete.

absens, absentis : (adj.) absent, missing, away, gone.

absisto : to go away, desist.

absit : “god forbid, “let it be far from the hearts of the faithful”.

absorbeo : to swallow, gulp down, carry away, engross.

absque : without, except.

abstergo : to wipe off, clean away.

abstulo : to take away, withdraw.

absum : to be absent, be away, be missing, be gone.

abundans : abundant, overflowing, abounding in.

abundantia : abundance, bounty, plenty.

abunde : in great profusion, profusely, abundantly.

abutor : to make full use of, to abuse.

abutor : to use abusive language / use a word incorrectly.

abyssus : hell, abyss, chasm.

ac : and.

accedo : to approach, come near / to be added.

accelero : to quicken, hasten, speed /accelerate.

accendo : to kindle, illuminate, inflame.

accendo : to rouse up, arouse, excite, incite.

acceptius : suitable for receiving.

acceptus : welcome, pleasant, agreeable.

accersitus : summoned, called.

accido : to fall down /to happen, occur / to hack, hew /to ruin.

accido : destroy.

accipio : cepi, ceptum, to receive, accept, take.

accipio : to consider oneself indebted, receive, learn, take.

acclivius : well-disposed.

accommodo : to adjust, adapt, accommodate oneself.

accredo : to believe unconditionally, accept wholeheartedly.

accubo : to recline at table, dine.

accumulo : to add to a heap, accumulate, amass.

accusator : accusor, plaintiff.


accuso : to accuse, blame, find fault with.

acer : stinging, violent, bitter.

acer : sharp, keen, eager, severe, fierce.

acerbitas : harshness, bitterness, anguish.

acerbus : bitter, gloomy, dark.

acerbus : shrill, rigorous.

acervus : a heap, mass.

acidus : sharp, sour.

acies : keeness, edge, sharpness, battle-line, battlefield.

acies : army, wing of a formation.

acquiesco : to repose, assent to, agree.

acquiro : to acquire, gain, get, obtain.

acriter :* vehemently, forcefully.

acsi : as if,

actio : to act.

actus : moving through.

adamans : steeled, unyielding, adamant, stubborn, intransigeant.

adamo : to fall in love with, find pleasure in.

adapto : adapt, adjust, make ready, or fit.

adaugeo : to make greater, add, increase, augment.

addo : to give, bring, place, / inspire, cause,/ add, join.

adduco : to lead, induce, persuade, bring.

ademptio: a taking away.

adeo : so far, to that point, so much, so long, etc.

adeo : to such a point, such an extent, so far, so long.

adeo : to approach, visit, come to, undertake.

adeptio : attainment, obtaining, achievement.

adepto : to obtain, get, acquire.

adfectus affectus : influenced, worked upon.

adfero affero : to cause, bring about, contribute.

adfero affero : to bring news, report / apply, bring to bear.

adficio : to affect, afflict, weaken, sap, exhaust, drain.

adflicto affligo : to injure, weaken, discourage, damage, break.

adhaero : to hang to, stick to, adhere.

adhaero : to stick, cleave, secure, keep close to.

adhuc : till then, till now, still, even now, besides, also, yet.

adicio : to direct, address, apply / to throw to.

adimpleo : to fulfill, perform, carry out.

adinvenio : to devise.

adinventio : to invention.

adipiscor : to come up to, overtake, obtain.

adipiscor : to acquire, arrive at, reach.

aditus : entrance, ingress.

adiutorium : assistance, help, aid, assistance.

adiuvo : to help, aid, assist, succor.

adjicio : to add, to turn towards, move towards, suggest.

adjungo : to join connect.

adminiculum : assistance, aid.

administratio : giving of help, administration, government.

administro : to guide, serve food.

admiratio : wonder, astonishment, surprise, admiration.

admiror : to wonder at, admire, marvel at, be astonished at.

admitto : to admit, receive.

admoneo : admonish, advise.

admoneo : to urge or incite to action.

admonitio : warning, reminder. insult

admoveo : to move to, bring up, apply.

adnihilo : to bring to nothing, annihilate, demolish.

adnuo : to nod assent.

adolescens : young man, coming to maturity,.

adopto : to wish for oneself, adopt, select, pick out.

adorno : to equip, furnish, embellish.

adpropinquo :* draw near, approach, near.

adservio : to aid, help, assist.

adsidue assidue : continuously, without remission.

adstringo : to draw together, tighten, compress, compact .

adstringo : bind, oblige, commit oneself to.

adsuesco assuesco : to grow accustomed to, used to, make familiar.

adsuetudo : custom, habit.

adsum : to to be at hand/ to come.

adsum : to assist, be present, be near, be in attendance,.

adsumo : to take to oneself, claim, appropriate, call.

aduentus : arrival.

adulatio : fawning, flattery, sycophancy, buttering up.

adulator : sycophant, adulator.

adulescens : young man, youth, lad.

adulescentia : youth.

adultus : grown up, mature, adult, of age.

aduro : to set fire to, burn, singe, kindle, light.

adveho : to carry, come.

advena : foreigner.

advenio : to come, arrive, reach.

adventum : arrival, advent, a coming.

adversa : unfavorable.

adversarius : opponent.

adversitas : opposition adversity.

adversor : to oppose, resist, fight back.

adversum : adversity.

adversus : toward, against, facing.

adversus : facing, opposite, opposing. /unfortunate.

adverto : to turn towards, direct one’s attention to, attract.

advoco : to summon, call / call in an advisor.

aedificium edificium : building, structure.

aeger : eger : sick.

aeger : diseased, sick, infected, ill.

aegre : egre : hardly, scarcely, with difficulty, laboriously.

aegre : with displeasure.

aegresco : egresco : to fall ill, become troubled, grow worse.

aegretudo : egretudo : sickness, mental illness.

aegroto : to languish, grow more sick, fail.

aegrotatio egrotatio : sickness, illness.

aegrotus : ill, sick.

aegrus : ill, diseased, unwell.

aeneus : eneus : made of copper or bronze, brazen.

aequitas to fairness, equanimity.

aequitas : equitas : justice, fairness, equity.

aequor to calm smooth sea.

aequoreus to marine, sometimes the surface of the the sea.

aequus : equus : level, even, calm, equal, favorable, just.

aer : aeris air, atmosphere, ether, weather.

aera : era : 4 or 5 years.

aerumna : toil, hardship, tribulation.

aerumnosus : wretched.

aestas estas : summer.

aestimo : to estimate, guess, reckon.

aestivus estivus : pertaining to summer.

aestuo : to burn with desire, blaze, vacillate vikings, heave.

aestus : passionate fire.

aestus maris : tides.

aestus estus : heat, tide.

aetas : an age, stage, period of life, time, era.

aeternus eternus : eternal, everlasting, without end.

aether, aetherius : heaven, heavenly celestial.

aevum : age, life.

affabilis : courteous.

affamen : import.

affatus : address, speech.

affectuosus : affectionate.

affectus vocis : tone of voice.

affectus : goodwill, emotion, disposition of mind.

affero : to carry.

affero : adfero : to bring, give, impart, turn over.

affinis trelated by marriage.

affinitas : relationship, neighborhood.

afflictio : reduced condition, state.

affligo : to reduce, ruin, distress, cast down, strike against, weaken.

afflictus : distressed, cast down, prostrate, ruined, weakened.

affluencia : abundance, affluence.

affluenter : copiously, affluently.

affluo : to come in haste.

affor : to speak to, address.

agalmate – effigy, as of a ruler on a seal

ager : land, countryside, fields.

ager (agri) : farm, field, acre.

agger : bulwark, mound.

aggero : to make a mound, heap up, increase.

aggero : to pucker, pile up.

aggravo : to annoy, incommode.

aggredior : to go to, approach, address, attack.

aggredior : to go to, begin, attack.

agito : to put in motion, move, rouse.

agmen : host.

agna : ewe, lamb.

agnatus : a relation in the male line.

agnellus : small lamb, lambkin.

agnitio : recognition, knowledge.

agnosco : to recognize, understand, perceive.

agnosco : to know again, recognize, report, understand, admit.

agnosco : acknowledge.

agnus : sheep.

ago : egi : actum : to spend time, live / manage, drive, lead.

agon : agonia : combat, public contest.

agonotheta : champion.

agrarius : relating to the land, farming, or countryside.

agrestis : rustic, wild, unmannered, boorish, clodish.

agricola : farmer, tiller of fields, cultivator.

agripeta : someone who seizes land, squatter, land-grabber.

ait : he says.

aiunt: they say.

ala : wing/armpit/naval /part of line of battle /sails, oars.

alacer : quick, sharp, rapid, ready, keen.

alacritas : rapidity, quickness, animation, sharpness, eagerness.

alarius : relating to the wing of an army / allied troops.

alatus : winged, having wings.

alauda : the lark.

alba : alb.

albeo : to become white.

album : writing tablet / list.

albus : white.

alcedo : the kingfisher.

alcedonia : the kingfisher’s time, calm, tranquility.

alces : the elk.

alcyon : the kingfisher.

alea : dice game / risk, chance, hazard.

aleator : dice-player / gambler / someone who takes chances.

ales : augury.

alesco : to grow, mature.

alga : sea-weed.

algeo : to be cold.

algesco : to bcome cold / to catch cold.

algidus : cold.

algor : cold.

alias : at another time / otherwise.

alibi : elsewhere, in other respects.

alica : spelt.

alicubi : everywhere, somewhere.

alicunde : from somewhere, from anywhere.

aliena quadra vivere : to live from another’s table.

alienari : to lose one’s mind.

alienatio : alienation, transfer of ownership.

alienigena : foreign, strange, outlandish.

alienigenus : composite, made up of different substances, heterogenous.

alieno : to let go, transfer / estrange / forget.

alienus : somebody else’s, foreign, alien, strange, different.

aliger : winged, having wings.

alii .. alii : some .. others.

alimentum : food, provender, victuals.

alimonia : nourishment.

alimonium : nourishment, essentials, provisions, food.

alio : to another place, person, end / for another purpose.

alioqui : otherwise.

alioquin : otherwise, in some respects /in general.

alipes : wing-footed.

aliqua : some.

aliquando : at any time, sometimes, occasionally, at last.

aliquanta : moderate, or some size.

aliquanto : somewhat, considerably.

aliquantulus : little, small, diminutive / a little, a bit.

aliquantum : a good deal.

aliquantus : of some size, moderate.

aliquatenus : to a certain extent.

aliqui : some.

aliquid : someone, somebody, something.

aliquis : someone, anyone, anything, in any respect.

aliquo : in some direction.

aliquot : some, several.

aliquotiens : some times.

aliquoties : several times.

aliter : otherwise, in another way, in a different fashion.

alius : other than.

alius : aliter : in different ways.

alius : alia : aliud : other, another, someone else, something else.

aliusmodi : in another way, somehow else, in a different fashion.

allatus : having been brought.

allec : herrings, pickled fish.

allocutio : to address, encouragement.

alloquor : to address, encourage.

alma : a nourishing one.

almitas : bounty.

almus : kind, generous / nourishing.

almus : bountiful.

alnus : the alder tree.

alnus : alder.

alo : nourish, cherish, support, sustain, maintain, keep.

alodus : heritable estate.

alquod : some.

alter : otherwise.

alter .. alter : the one .. the other.

alter altera alterum : the second, the other one.

altercatio : dispute, strife.

alternis : by turns.

alternis sermonibus : alternating speeches, dialogue.

alterno : to do one thing and then another.

altilis : domestic fattened bird.

altithronus : one enthroned on high, seated in heaven.

altivolus : soaring.

altor : foster-father, patron, advocate, protector, educator.

altus : matured / great / high / deep / noble / ancient, old / secret.

alumno : nurseling, student, disciple.

alumnus : nursling.

alveus : hollow, basket, bed (of a river).

amaritudo : bitterness.

ambages : double-talk, digression.

ambiguitas : uncertainty.

ambiguus : doubtful.

ambio + inf : to strive, solicit.

ambitio : desire for power.

ambitus : border, edge, extent /going around, circuit.

ambitus : circumference.

ambivium : double way.

ambulo : to walk.

amens : out of ones senses.

amicabiliter : amicably, pleasantly, sociably.

amicitia : friendship, alliance.

amictus : mantle.

amiculum : cloak, cape.

amicus : friend, comrade.

amissio : amissus : loss.

amita : father’s sister, paternal aunt.

amita : paternal aunt.

amitto : to dismiss, send away, lose, let slip away.

amitto : let slip.

amnis : stream, torrent.

amo : to love, like, be fond of, cherish.

amoena : pleasant .

amoenitas : pleasantness .

amor : love, affection, infatuation, passion.

amotio : removal.

amoveo : to move away, remove, take out, shift.

amplector : to embrace, surround.

amplexus : an embracing, surrounding, loving embrace, .

amplifico : to increase, enlarge.

amplio : to enlarge, increase, improve.

amplitudo : size, breadth, dignity, grandeur, greatness.

amplus : large, spacious, ample /great important, honorable.

an : or “Are you going OR are you staying?”.

anarchos : without beginning, without a leader.

ancilla : maidservant, also used by nuns to decribe themselves.

andron : corridor, aisle.

anethum : dill, anise.

anfractus : crooked, with tortuous bends.

angelus : angel.

Angli : Angles.

ango : to trouble, draw together.

angulus : corner, niche.

angustata : circumscribed.

angustus : narrow, limited, strait, tight, constricted.

anhelo : to desire, want, strive for/ breathe, live.

anima : life, soul.

animadverto : to turn the mind to, take notice of, see, perceive.

animadverto : sometimes understand, realize.

animi : at heart.

animositas : spirit, wrath.

animosus : courageous, ardent, passionate, furious.

animosus : undaunted, wrathful.

animus : courage, vivacity, bravery, will, spirit, soul.

animus : character, intellect, memory, consciousness, often = mind.

animus : soul, spirit, intellect.

annecto : to connect.

annona : yearly produce, grain crop / price of grain / cost of living.

annullo : to obliterate, destroy, annihilate.

annuo : to nod, consent, give assent to /approve, favor.

annuo : to allow, grant, promise /designate.

annuo : to give assent, approve.

annus : year.

ansa : a handle.

anser : goose.

ante : before/ in front of/ before, previously.

antea : before, previously, formerly.

antecedo : to precede.

antecessor : predecessor.

antepono : put before, prefer, favor, promote.

antequam : before in time.

anticipo : to surpass, excel.

antiquitas : the ancients.

antiquus : ancient, old, hoary,.

antistes : bishop.

antrum : grotto.

anxia : uneasy.

anxio : to make uneasy, to anguish.

aper : wild boar.

aperio : to uncover, lay bare, reveal, make clear.

aperito : F, an opening.

aperte : openly, frankly.

apertio : an opening.

apex : summit.

apices : writing.

apostolus : notice sent to a higher tribunal , Apostle.

apparatus : equipment, gear, machinery, splendor, magnificence.

apparatus : exertion, effort.

appareo : to become visible, appear, manifest.

appello : to call, name, summon.

appello : to land.

appello : to drive, move towards

appenditia : appurtenance.

applico : to land, steer, attach.

appono : to place near, put to, serve, put on the table.

appono : to appoint a person, to add something.

appositus : placed near, approaching, appropriate, appositively.

approbo : to approve.

appropinquo : to near, drawn near, come close, approach.

appropinquo : to approach.

apto : to fit, approve, be suitable, proper, fit.

aptus : fitted, connected, fastened /prepared, fitted out.

aptus : suitable, appropriate, fitting.

apud : among, in the presence of, at, at the house of.

aqua : water.

aquila : eagle.

aquilo : the north wind.

aquilo : north wind.

aquilus : dark colored, swarthy.

ara : altar /refuge, protection.

aranea : spider’s web.

arator : plowman, cultivator.

aratrum : plow.

arbitrium : judgment.

arbitro : arbitror : to witness, bear witness / judge, arbitrate.

arbor : tree.

arbustum : a vineyard planted with trees.

arbustus : planted with trees.

arca archa : chest, box, money box, coffin, cell.

arcanum : sacred secret.

arceo : to shut up, enclose.

arcesso, accerso : to bring, fetch, summon, call for.

archidictus : extremely eloquent.

archipater : great ancestor.

archos : ruler.

arcus : bow (BOW and arrows), arch, bend, arc.

ardens : burning.

ardor : ardor, impatience.

arduum : steep place, the steep.

arduus : difficult, proudly elevated.

argentum : silver, money.

argumentatio : argumentation.

argumentosus : proven, rich in material.

argumentum : proof, evidence.

arguo : to blame, accuse /prove, expose, convict /declare.

arguo : to show, make clear, attempt to show /censure, reprove.

argutus : acute.

arista : the point of the ear, the beard on an ear of wheat.

arma : arms, weapons, armaments.

armarium : cupboard, chest, safe .

armentum : herd.

armiger : armed.

armilla : armlets.

armis : by force of arms.

armo : to provide arms, arm, equip, fit out.

aro : to plow.

arripio : to lay hold of.

arrogans : presuming, haughty.

arrogantia : presumption.

ars : skill method, technique, conduct, character.

ars : strategem/ science, art, skill/ craft.

articulus : a moment, crisis.

artifex : author, artist, artisan, maker.

artificialiter : artfully.

artificiose : skillfuly.

artificiosus : skillful, accomplished, skillfuly made.

arto : to press together, reduce, abrdiged.

artus : limbs.

arx : arcis : citadel, stronghold, fortress, keep, donjon.

arx, arces : town.

ascendo : to climb.

ascia : carpenter’s axe, mason’s trowel.

ascio : to take up, adopt as one’s own.

ascisco : to receive, admit/ adopt / take up, approve.

aspectus : countenance.

asper : rough, harsh, severe.

asper : violent, fierce, rough.

aspergo : to sprinkle, cover.

asperitas : roughness, severity/ harshness, fierceness.

aspernatio : contempt.

aspernor : to spurn.

aspersus : instructed.

aspicio : to look at, behold, gaze at, see.

aspirator : inciter.

asporto : to carry off, take away.

assensus : approval.

assentator : flatterer, sycophant, yes-man.

asser : a stake, pole.

assero : to claim, defend.

assiduus : unremitting.

assilio : to leap upon.

assimilares : similar.

assimulo : simulate, immatate, represent.

assuesco : to accustom, to accustom oneself.

assus : dried, roasted, grilled.

astrum : star, constellation.

astus : m, cunning.

at : but.

atavus : great-great-great grandfather, ancestor.

ater : gloomy, malicious.

atqui : and yet, still.

atrer: atra : atrum : dark, gloomy.

atrocitas : hashness, cruelty, frightfulness, barbarity, horror.

atrociter : cruelly, violently.

atrox : terrible, cruel, horrible, harsh.

attentus : attentive, careful of one’s property.

attero : destroy, waste, weaken, impair.

attero : to weaken, ruin, rub against, rub away, erode.

attero : attritus : to weaken[en], wear away, wear down.

attollo : to exalt.

attinet : is of importance.

attollo : to raise, lifet up, elevate/ excite, exalt.

attonbitus : frantic, inspired, thunder-struck, stunned.

attonitus : stunned, thunderstruck.

attrecto : to touch.

attributa : assigned, associated.

auarca : leather sandal worn by pyrenean peasants.

auctor : author, originator.

auctorita : authority, power.

auctoritas : authority.

auctorizo : to confirm, approve, authenticate.

auctus : growth, enlargement, increase.

audacia : temerity.

audacious, bold

audacter, audaciter : boldly, proudly, fearlessly.

audax : bold, rash, foolhardy.

audentia : boldness, courage.

audeo : to dare.

audio : to hear, hearken, listen to.

auditor : hearer, listener.

aufero : to carry away, remove /steal, carry off, make away with.

aufero : to take away by force.

augeo : increase, enlarge, enrich.

augeo : to increase, strengthen.

augmento : to increase.

augmentum : increase, growth.

aula : court, hall.

aura : heaven, breeze.

aureus : golden.

auris : ear.

aurum : gold.

austerus : strict, rigid, stern.

ausus : risk, hazard, gamble, dare.

aut :.aut : either..or.

autem : but, on the other hand, however, moreover, also.

autumo : to assert, believe, affirm.

autus : increase, enlargement, growth.

auxilium : aid, help, assistance, support.

avara : avaricious.

avaritia : avarice, greed.

avarus : greedy, avaricious.

aveho : to carry away, remove (avexi avectum ).

avello : to tear away, tear off.

aversor : to repulse.

averto : to turn away, avert, avoid. turn back.

avoco : to call away, divert.

avunculus : maternal uncle.

avus : grandfather.



bacca : berry, pearl.

baccatus : set with pearls, pearl encrusted, ornamented with pearls.

bacchatus : enraged.

bacifer : berry-bearing.

bacillum : rod, a small staff.

baculum : baculus : cane, walking stick, staff.

baiulo : to carry a burden, have a responsibility.

baiulus : porter, pall-bearer, carrier of a burden /steward.

bajulo : to to carry.

balaena : whale.

balanus : acorn, chestnut, date.

balatro : fool, buffoon, jester.

balatus : bleating of sheep, baaing.

balbus : stammering, stuttering, fumbling.

balbutio : to stutter, stammer /speak obscurely.

balena : whale.

balineum : balneum : bath, bathhouse, bathing-place.

ballista : a siege engine, catapult, stone thrower.

balnearius : pertaining to the bathhouse /bathhouse.

balneator : keeper of a bathhouse.

balo : to bleat.

balsamam : balsam tree /balsam gum.

balteus : girdle.

barathrum : pit, abyss /the underworld.

barba : beard, whiskers.

barbare : barbarously, uncouthly, savagely/ in a foreign manner.

barbaria : a country other than Greece or Rome, savagery, rudeness.

barbaria : lack of culture, state of being uncivilized and/or uncouth.

barbaricus : a foreigner/ not Greek or Roman/ outlander.

barbarus : barbarian/ foreigner/ rude, uncouth, rough, savage.

barbarus : barbarian.

barbatus : bearded, having a beard.

bardus : stupid, slow, dull.

baritus : barritus : German war cry.

baro : dolt, simpleton, fool, blockhead.

barrus : elephant.

bascauda : a basket.

basiatio : the act of kissing, giving a kiss, being kissed, a kiss.

basiator : one who kisses.

basilica : a public building for law cases, / a church, cathedral.

basilice : royally, regally.

basilicus : regal, royal, princely.

basio : to kiss.

basis : a base/ foundation/ pedestal.

basium : a kiss.

battuo : to beat, strike, smack, knock, hit.

beatitas : happiness, felicity, blessedness.

beatus : blessed, fortunate, sometimes “saint”.

bellaria : dessert.

bellator : courageous, brave, warlike.

bellator : fighting man, warrior.

bellatorius : warlike, martial, pugnacious.

belle : prettily, handsomely, charmingly.

bellicosus : warlike.

bellicum : a signal to march, attack, advance, charge.

bellicus : martial, military, war-like.

belliger : at war, waging war, in a state of war, warlike.

belligero : to wage war, be at war, be in a state of war.

bello : to wage war.

bellor : to wage war.

bellua : a brute, beast, large animal.

bellum : war.

bellum : war, warfare.

bellus : beautiful, pretty, charming, handsome.

bene : well (melior : better / optime : best ).

beneficentia : kindness, benevolence, kindliness.

beneficium : benefit, favor, service, privilege, right.

beneficium : boon, reward, wages, bribe, gift, pious donation.

beneficus : kind, generous, obliging.

benevolens : well-wishing, helpfull, thoughtful, kindly.

benevolentia : benevolence, kindness, good will.

benigne : kindly, generously.

benignitas : kind, friendly, generous/ abundant, bounteous.

benignus : kind, generous, helpful.

beo : to bless.

bestia : animal, beast.

bibo : to drink, quaff.

bicallis : foot-path, path.

bidens : sheep, sacrificial animal.

bipennis : battle-axe.

bis : twice.

bivium : place where two ways meet.

blande : carefully, softly.

blandio : to flatter.

blandior : to flatter, caress, coax.

blanditia : blandishments, attractions, allurement, charm.

blanditium : allurement, persuasion.

blandus : flattering, persuasive.

blasphematio : reviling.

blasphemo : to revile.

blasphemus : blasphemer, reviling.

blatta : purple.

boatus : bellowing.

bona : good qualities, gifts, blessings as well as material properties.

bonae indolis : of great promise.

bonus : good (melior : better / optimus : best ).

boo : boare : to cry out, sing, praise, narrate.

bos : cow, ox. bull.

bracteola : thin gold leaf.

bravium : reward.

brevis : short, small, brief.

brevitas : shortness, brevity.

breviter : briefly.

Britones : Bretons.

bucinum : trumpet-blast.

bulla : stud, boss, formal papal document_

byssus – cotton cloths, linens



caballus : steed.

cacumen : apex, peak.

cadaver : corpse.

cado : to fall, drop, plummet, topple.

caecus : blind, sightless.

caedes : carnage.

caedo : to fell, fall, be fruitless, kill.

caelebs : celibate.

caelestis : heavenly, celestial / noun, a god, dweller in heaven.

caeli : skies, heavens, vault of heauen.

caelitus : from heaven.

caelum : sky, heaven.

caetera : the rest, that remaining.

calamitas : calamity, misfortune, disaster, loss.

calamitosus : disastrous.

calamus : anything made or reed — pen, arrow, pipe, etc.

calcar, -is : spur.

calceata : paved road.

calco : to tread, trample upon, tread under foot.

calculus : pebble, stone.

caleo : to be warmed, be inflamed.

caliga : darkness, gloom, mist.

caligo : to becloud, darken.

caligo : to make dizzy.

calix : a vessel for drinking.

callide : skilfully, cleverly / cunningly, slyly, subtly.

calliditas : cunning.

callidus : clever, dextrous, experienced, skilful / cunning, sly.

caltha : marigold.

calumnior : to accuse falsely.calvities : baldness.

calvus : bald.

calx : the heel /stone, pebble /lime /goal, aim.

camena : poetry, poem, song.

camera : vault, vaulted room /small boat.

caminus : a forge, large hearth.

campana : bell.

campeador : champion of the field, victor.

campester : flat, even, level/ a plain.

campitor : charger, battle-horse, war horse.

campus : level place, field, plain.

camur : curved, bent, hooked.

canalis : channel, canal /pipe.

cancer : crab /the direction south /heat of summer /disease of cancer.

candela : taper, candle.

candelabrum : lamp-stand.

candeo : to shine, glow, grow brilliant, sparkle.

candide : openly, clearly, candidly.

candidus : bright, shining, white.

canis : dog.

canistrum : bee-hive.

canities : grey hair /old age.

canonicus : canonical, according to the canons, legal, lawful, right.

canonus : canon, member of a cathedral chapter or canonry, Augustinian.

canto : to sing.

capillus : hair.

capio : to rent, hire /seize, arrest.

capio : to take, choose /attack, injure/ comprehend.

capistro : to halter, put a halter on a horse.

capistrum : halter, harness, mazzle.

capitagium : poll tax.

capitale : cattle, possessions, chattels.

capitulus : chapter, chapter meeting, chapter house.

capra : she-goat.

capreolus : roebuck.

captio : imprisonment.

captivas : captivity.

captivo : to take captive.

captivus : captive.

capto : to seize, catch at / strive after, desire, seek.

capto : to grab, try to get, grab at.

captus : a catching, taking / power or manner of comprehension / idea.

captus : taken, captured, prisoner.

capulatio : decapitation.

capulum : hilt.

capulus : coffin / handle / hilt of a sword.

caput ieiunius : Ash Wednesday.

caput : capitis : head / top, summit /chief /capital /leader, captain.

carbasa : flax, flaxen, made of flax.

carbaseus : made of canvas.

carbasum : canvas sail.

carbasus : heteroclite.

carbo : carbonis : carbon, coal, charcoal /burning wood, burnt wood.

carbonarius : a charcoal burner.

carcer : prison, cell, jail, dungeon.

carceres : the starting-place of a race course.

carchesium : a goblet with handles /top of a mast /scuttle.

cardiacus : of the stomach.

cardo duplex : a cardinal point /main consideration.

cardo duplex : ends of the earth’s axis.

cardo : a hinge /pole or pivot.

cardo : line, a line limiting a field by agrimensores.

carduus : thistle.

carectum : sedgy spot, place thick with rushes.

careo : to absent oneself from.

careo :be without, be deprived of, lack, want.

careo : to feel the want of.

carex : rush, sedge.

caries : rottenness, corruption, decay.

carina : the keel of a ship /ship, vessel.

cariosus : rotten, decayed.

caris : a kind of crab.

caritas : high price /high cost of living /dearness, affection.

caritas : charity.

carmen : song, poem /prediction, incantation /religious formula.

carneus : made of flesh.

carnero : steer, cow.

carnifex : executioner, hangman.

carnificina : the work of a hangman, execution /torture.

carnifico : behead, mangle, mutilate.

caro : flesh, meat.

carpo : to pluck, seize, grab, lay hold of, hold on to.

carptor : one who carves food.

carruca : four-wheeled carriage.

carrus : four-wheeled baggage wagon.

caruncula : small piece of flesh.

carus : dear, beloved /costly, high-priced, expensive.

casa : hut, cottage, cabin.

caseus : cheese.

casia : a tree with an aromatic bark/ sweet-smelling mezereon.

casses : a net, trap, snare, spider’s web.

cassida : a metal helmet.

cassis : a metal helmet.

casso : to bring to naught, destroy, annul, make void.

casso : in vain.

cassus : empty, hollow/ deuoid of/ worthless useless, vain.

cassus : to be devoid of whatever.

castanea : a chestnut or chestnut.

caste : purely, spotlessly, purely, uprightly, chastely.

castellani : garrison of a fortress.

castellanus : relating to a fortress, castellan.

castellatim : in single fortresses.

castellum : castle, fortress, fort, citadel/ shelter, refuge.

castigatio : punishment, reproof.

castigator : one who punishes, reproves, corrects.

castigatus : restrained, orderly, neat.

castigo : reprove, chasten, punish, chastise/ check, restrain.

castimonia : purity, chastity, state of being unpolluted, morally clean.

castitas : chastity, pure, morally clean, unpolluted.

castor : beaver.

castra hiberna : winter camp, quarters, station

castra aestiva : summer camp, quarters, bivouac.

castra : an encampment, temporary fortification, bivouac.

castrensis : pertaining to a camp, military/ disciplined, orderly.

castro : castrate, enervate, weaken, unman, emasculate.

castrum : castle, fort, fortress, fortified encampment, station.

castrum : fortress.

castus : clean pure, chaste/ pious.

casualis : accidental, fortuitous.

casula : chasuble, monk’s cowl.

casus : a falling /occasion, opportunity /event.

casus: accident, violent death.

casus : downfall.

casus : accident, chance, fortune.

catena : chain, fetters.

caterva : crowd, troop, flock.

catervatim : in troops, in masses.

cattus : cat.

cauda : the tail of an animal.

causa : cause /reason, motive, pretext /interest.

causa : case at law, case, law-suit /situation, condition.

causa : on account of, for the sake of.

causidicus : advocate, pleader.

caute : cautim : cautiously, with security.

cautela : caution, precaution, security.

cautio : caution, care, foresight.

cautor : one who is on his guard/ one who goes bond, suretor.

cautor : guarantor.

cautus : made safe, secured/ fenced/ secured by law.

cautus : careful, cautious / secure, made safe.

cautus : circumspect.

cavare : manorial task of cultivating, digging, ditching, etc.caveo :

cavea : hollow place, cavity/ cave/ pit.

caveo : of a person= take care of, provide for.

caveo : be on guard against /take care that.

caveo : beware, avoid, look out for.

caveo : give security, mortgage.

caverna : hollow place, cavity, cave, cavern.

cavo : hollow out, excavate/ pierce/ dig, cultivate.

cavum : a hollow, hole, cavity, pit, excavation, depression.

cavus : hollow, empty.

cavus : hole, pit.

cedo : cessi : cessum : to grant, yield/ withdraw.

cedo : give ground to, submit to, be inferior to.

cedo : to go, proceed /turn out, happen/go away, withdraw.

celebratio : large crowd, audience, assembly.

celebrer : renowned, well known, popular, famous.

celebris : celebrated.

celebritas : crowd, multitude /celebration /fame, renown.

celebrus : abounding in, rich in, much frequented, respected.

celer : quick, swift, rapid, speedy, fast.

celeritas : speed, swiftness, rapidity, quickness.

celeriter : rapidly, quickly, swiftly, speedily.

cella : room, store-room, garret.

cellarius : relating to a store-room /n. cellarer.

celo : to hide, conceal, keep secret.

celox : fast, rapid, swift, fleet.

celsitudo : loftiness.

celsus : elevated, lofty /arrogant, proud, haughty.

cena : dinner, meal.

cenaculum : garret, attic.

ceno : to dine.

censeo : estimate, assess, evaluate.

censeo: argue, suggest, advise.

censor : judge.

censura : opinion, judgment.

census : wealth, property /census.

census : gifts, tax, annual render.

centum : one hundred, 100 .

cerealis : sacred to Ceres.

cerno : to separate, sift, distinguish /decide, resolve, determine.

cerno : to perceive.

cernuus : faling headlong.

certamen : contest, contention, rivalry of any kind, conflict.

certamen : engagement, combat.

certe : certo : certainly, assuredly.

certo : to contend, settle, dispute, to settle by combat.

certo : to struggle , fight.

certus : undoubted, certain, sure, settled, resolved.

certus : decided /definite.

certus : determined.

cervix : neck, boldness.

cervus : stag, deer.

cesso : to leave off, cease /linger, delay.

cetera : for the rest, otherwise.

ceteri : the remaining, the rest, the others.

ceterum : otherwise, moreover, but.

ceterus : the other, the rest.

chalybs : steel, iron, sickel, sword.

charisma : carisma : gift, present.

charitas : benevolence, offering.

charus : affectionate.

charybdis : whirlpool.

chirographum : autograph, person’s own handwriting /written charter.

chorus : troop.

cibaria : victuals.

cibo : food for animals.

cibus : food for men and animals.

cicuta : hemlock.

ciminatio : accusation, calumny, charge.

ciminosus : reproachful, slanderous.

Cineres : Ash Wednesday.

cinis : cineris : ashes, embers.

circumsto : to beset.

circumvenio : to come around, surround, cheat, defraud.

circumvenio : to beset, assail.

citara : a harp.

citatio : summons, call.

citatus : summons, citation.

citatus : quick, speedy.

citius : speedily, quickly, rapidly.

citivolus : swiftly flying.

cito : to be moved, aroused.

cito : quickly, rapidly, speedily.

cito : to put into quick motion, quickened.

civilis : civil, civic.

civis : citizen, townsman, bourgeois, burgess.

civitas : state, citzenship, city-state, city.

clades : scourge.

clam : secretly, in secret, stealthily..

clamito : to bawl out for.

clamo : to call, shout, cry aloud, proclaim, declare.

clamor : a shout, cry, loud call, outcry.

clango : to sound.

clangor : sounding.

claritas : brightness.

claritudo : brightness.

claro : to make bright or clear, make clear in the mind.

clarus : clear, bright /renowned, famous, illustrious.

claudeo : to limp, halt, be lame, to hobble.

claudico : to limp.

claudo : to confine, shut up, close, blockade, besiege.

claudus : lame.

claustrum : bolt, bar, prison, den, pen, enclosure/ cloister.

clementer : compassionately, mercifully.

clementia : indulgence, forbearance, humanity, mercy, gentleness, etc.

clibanus : oven, furnace/ tray for bread making.

clima : clime, region.

clypeus : brazen shield.

coacervo : to collect in a mass.

coacto : to force, compel, coerce.

coactu : by force, under compulsion.

coactum : force, compulsion, coercion.

coactus : constrained.

coadunati : collected.

coadunatio : a gathering together, a summing up, a uniting.

coaduno : to collect.

coaegresco : to become sick at the same time.

coangusto : to confine.

coarto : to confine.

coepi : began, started, undertook, initiated (pres. incipio ).

coepio : to begin, undertake.

coepto : to begin, undertake,.

coeptum : undertaking.

coerceo : surround, enclose, restrain, confine/ regulate.

cogitatio : thorough consideration.

cogitatus : thought.

cogito : to think, ruminate, ponder, consider, plan.

cognatio : kindred.

cognatus : related by blood, a relative, kinsman.

cognomen : surname, family name, nick-name.

cognosco : to examine, inquire, learn.

cogo : to to force, compel, compress.

cogo : coegi, coactum : to bring together, drive, draw.

cogo : to compel, restrict, confine.

cohaereo : to cling to, correspond to.

cohaero : cohero : cohesi : cohesum : to adhere, stick together.

cohaero : to cleave to.

cohibeo : confine, restrain, hold back, repress.

cohors : a yard, enclosure /troop, 1/10 of a legion.

cohortor : to encourage, incite, exhort.

coitus : company.

collator : contributor.

collaudo : to praise very much, approve highly.

colligo : legi, lectum, to collect, gather together, assemble.

colligo : to bind.

colloco : to place, put, arrange.

colloco : to station.

colloquium : speech, conference.

colluctatio : wrestling.

colluctor : wrestle.

collum : neck.

colo : colui : cultum : cultivate, cherish.

colonus : tiller of the soil, inhabitant.

color : color, luster.

coloratus : colored /dark-complexioned.

coloro : to color.

coma : hair of the head, leaves, rays of light.

coma : stalk.

combibo : to drink up, suck in.

comburo : to burn up, to ruin, consume.

comedo : comedi : comesum : to eat up, consume /waste, squander.

comes : comitis : companion, friend, comrade /count.

cometes : comet.

cometissa : comitissa : countess.

comis : courteous, kind, friendly, obliging.

comitatus : accompanied.

comitatus : train, retinue, following /war band.

comiter : courteously, in a kindly, friendly manner.

comito : to accompany.

comitto : to entrust, commit.

commemoro : to remind, relate, mention/ to keep in mind.

commendo : to commit.

commeo : To go up and down, back and forth, in and out.

commercium : wares, [+ gen.] fellowship with.

commessatio, onis : eating together.

commilito : comrade, companion in war.

comminor : to threaten.

comminuo : to scatter, weaken, damage.

comminus : hand to hand, in close combat.

commisceo : to intermingle, join, mix.

commiscere : to mingle.

commissio : perpetration, execution, performance, action.

commissum : offence.

commissum : undertaking, that which is entrusted.

committo : to place, intrust, join.

commodo : to make fit, adapt, please, oblige, serve.

commodo : to furnish, lend, give.

commodum : suitable time, opportunity, convenience, use.

commodum : convenience, advantage, opportunity, comfort.

commodum : profit, favorable condition, requirements.

commodus : proper, fit, commodious.

commodus : useful.

commoneo : to remind someone forcibly of somthing.

commoneo : to remember, recollect.

commoneo : to impress upon one. to remind.

commoro : in loco insidiarum : to lie in ambush.

commoror : remain, stay, abide, linger.

commoror : to sojourn, remain, inhabit.

commorantes : inhabitants.

commotio : agitation.

commotus : disordered, moved.

commoveo : to move violently, disturb, shake /excite, upset.

communico : to share.

communis : common, general, run of the mill.

compaciscor : agreed upon.

compacta : covenanted.

compactor : constructor.

compages : structure.

compar : companion.

comparo : to compare.

compater : the godfather of a man’s child.

compatior : to suffer with one, feel pity, have compassion.

compello : to drive together, collect, force, compel.

compello : to to urge, address, speak to.

compendiose : briefly.

comperio : to disclose fully, find out with certainty, lay open.

comperio : to learn, find out, ascertain.

comperte : on good authority.

compes : fetters.

compesco : to restrain.

compescor : to suppress, repress, check, restrain.

compescor : to fasten together, hold in check, curb.

competentia : agreement.

competo : to be appropriate, suitable, fit.

compitum : cross-road.

complaceo : to be very pleasing to.

complacitus : favorable.

complector : compass.

complectus : embrace, grasp.

compleo : to fill up, man, bring up to strength, fulfil.

compleo : to finish, complete.

complex : confederate.

complexo : encompass, embrace.

complico : to fold together.

compono : to put together, compose.

compono : to adjust, [+ abl.] settle.

compositio : composition, agreement, pact/ arrangement.

compositus : orderly, matching, made up of pieces.

compotus : computus : calculation, reckoning.

comprehendo : to seize, arrest, take prisoner, catch red-handed.

comprehendo : to grasp, take together, unite /comprehend.

comprehendo : to embrace, take firmly, include, seize.

comprehendo : to to gather together, apprehend.

comprimo : to hold back, hinder, keep to oneself.

comprobo : to approve fully/ to confirm, prove, establish.

compromitto : to agree to refer to arbitration, or an arbitrator.

comprovincialis : born in the same province.

compte : elegantly, with ornament.

comptus : a head-dress, a hairband.

conamen : effort.

conatus : exertion, effort / undertaking / impulse, inclination.

concateno : to link together, bind together.

concavo : to hollow out.

concedo : to concede, yield, allow, grant, withdraw, give up.

concepta : measures, capacity.

concero : connect join, twine, join in conflict.

concido : to fall down, sink, perish / (wind) subside.

concido : to be ruined, fail /cut up, cut down, destroy.

concieo : to bring together, assemble.

conciliator : mediator.

concilio : to assemble, bring togethe.

concilio : win over, reconcile, unite /cause.

concilio : to make friendly, procure the favor, bring together.

concilium : council.

concilium : conciliation.

concino : to sing together, celebrate.

concio : to stir up.

concipio : to take or lay hold of, receive, take in/ conceive.

concisus : cut up, broken, brief, concise.

concite : quickly.

concito : to move violently, stir up, excite, arouse.

conclamo : to bewail as lost.

concordia : concord, harmony, agreement.

concordis : harmonious, united.

concordo : to harmonize, unite.

concremo : to consume, burn up.

concresco : to take form, grow strong.

concretio : growing-together.

concubitus : copulation.

conculco : to tread under foot, despise, oppress, suppress.

conculco : to abuse, tread down, tread under foot.

concupiscentia : avarice, covetousness.

concupisco : to covet, aim at, desire eagerly.

concupisco : to covet.

concurro : to concur.

concursus : charge, assembly.

concussio : oppression, extortion.

concutio : to shake together, agitate, alarm, disturb, shatter.

concutio : to strike together, shake, terrorize.

condeco : to meet.

condico : to agree, fix, settle, make arrangements.

condita : laid up store, foundation, establishment, making.

conditor : creator.

condo : erect, establish, build.

condo : to store, place.

condoleo : to suffer greatly.

conduco : hire, employ for wages, among many other meanings.

conduco : to conduct, lead forth.

confero : to bring together, put together, collect/.

confero : discuss, debate, confer/ betake oneself, devote.

confestim : speedily, rapidly, immediately, without delay.

confestim : without delay.

confidenter : boldly, beyond a shadow of a doubt.

confido : have confidence in, be confident of, rely upon.

confido : to trust confidently, believe.

configo : to transfix.

confingo : to fabricate, make up.

confinio : neighborhood, limit.

confirmo : to confirm.

confiteor confessus : to confess, own up, admit, acknowledge.

conflictus : contest, impulse.

confortari : to be strong.

conforto : to strengthen much.

conforto : to strengthen much, soothe.

confraga : cracks.

confugio : to take refuge in, have recourse to.

confugo : to flee, have recourse to, take refuge.

confundo : to pour together, mix, blend /confound, confuse, trouble.

confundo : to bring into disorder, confounding, destroy.

confusim : in a confused way, fumbling.

confusio : mingling, mixture /confounding, confusion, disorder.

confusio : a combining, blemish, disorder.

confusus : confused, disorderly /embarassed, troubled, confounded.

confuto : to check, repress, stop, halt, turn back /silence.

confuto : supress, keep silent /convict.

confuto : to confute /restrain, check, repress.

congelo : to congeal, harden, freeze.

congeries : pile, mass.

congero : to collect, compile.

conglobo : to amass.

congratulor : to rejoice.

congredior navigio : to sail.

congredior : to accost.

congregatio : assembly, society, union.

congrego : to gather together, assemble, convene.

congrego : to assemble.

congressio : hostile attack, coming together.

congressus : a meeting, association.

congressus : encounter, assembly, meeting, congress.

congrue : adv, suitably.

congruens : appropriate, proportioned.

congruenter : harmoniously.

congruus : appropriate, suitable.

congruo : coincide, agree, conform.

congruus : agreeing, fit, suitable.

conicio : to hurl, throw /put together, conjecture.

coniecto : to throw together, infer, guess, conclude.

conitor : to press upon, to struggle to reach.

coniuratio : conspiracy, plot.

coniuratus : conspirator, plotter.

coniuro : to take an oath together, plot, conspire.

conjugium : wedlock.

conjugo : to unite.

conjungo : to unite.

conjuratio : confederacy.

conjuratus : sworn.

conjuro : to unite by an oath, conspire.

conjux : consort.

connecto : to join, bind.

connexio : bond.

connubialis : sexual.

connubium : sexual union.

conor : to undertake, try, venture, presume, attempt, presume.

conor : to try, endeavor.

conqueror : to complain loudly.

consanguinei : relations.

conscendo : to ascend, mount, go up.

conscendo navem : to embark.

conscientia : conscience, consciouness, knowledge.

conscindo : to tear in pieces.

conscius : conscious of, aware of.

conscius : privy to.

conseco : to dismember, cut into pieces, chop up.

consecro : to dedicate, consecrate, sanctify/ to curse/ deify.

consecro : to dedicate.

consectatio : striving, pursuit.

consenesco : to grow old, weak, feeble, infirm.

consensio : agreement, harmony, cooperation /plot, conspiracy.

consentaneus : suited to.

consentio : to agree, consent /plot, conspire.

consepio : to hedge in.

consequens : according to reason.

consequentia : consequential, relating.

conservo : to preserve, conserve, maintain, keep, hold to.

considero : to look at, regard carefully,.

considero : to contemplate, inspect.

consido : to set down, settle.

consiliarii : counsellors.

consilio : intentionally, on purpose, designedly.

consilium : advice, suggestion, wisdom, plan, purpose, judgment.

consilium : deliberation, consultation, assembly, council.

consilium : deliberation, resolution, measure as in plan, advice.

consimilis : similar.

consisto : to depend on, rely on.

consisto : to take one’s stand, stand still, stop, be posted.

consisto : to be formed of, consist/ stop, stay.

consitor : sower, planter.

consobrinus : maternal first cousin.

consolatio : encouragement, amelioration, consolation.

consolido : to make firm.

consolo : to comfort.

consonum : harmonious.

consors : companion, comradeship.

consortio : partnership, company .

conspergo : to sprinkle, bestrew.

conspicio : to catch sight of, perceive, behold, understand.

conspicio : to observe.

conspicuus : striking .

conspiratio : union.

constans : steady, firm, unchanging, constant, unwavering.

constans : constant.

constanter : steadily, firmly, dependably, steadily.

constantia : constancy, firmness, solidity.

constat : it is certain.

constipatus : surrounded.

constituo : to fix, station, place, cause to stand, set.

constituo : to set up, place, establish, post, station.

constituo : to arrange, decide, appoint, settle, found, set up.

constituo : to establish, appoint.

consto : to be established, stand firm, stop, endure.

constrictio : to bind together, draw together.

constringo constrixi constrictum : to bind, confine, restrain.

constringo : to fetter.

construo : construxi : constructum : to construct, build, arrange.

construo : to bring together.

constupator : ravisher, debaucher.

constupro : to ravish, corrupt.

consuasor : advisor, counselor.

consuefacio : to accustom, acclimate, become used to.

consuesco : to accustom, inure, habituate.

consueta : customary, usual.

consuetudo : custom, usage, habit /intimacy, familiar acquaintance.

consul : magistrate.

consulatio : deliberation, inquiry, full consideration.

consulo : to look to the interests of, come to a conclusion.

consulo : to reflect, consider, ponder, reflect.

consulo : look to the interests of/consult, ask advice.

consulo : to take counsel.

consulo : take care of, for, advise.

consulto : to ask the advice of, consult.

consulto : to consider carefully, weigh, ponder.

consulto : to consult + acc.

consultum : decree.

consultum : advice.

consummatio : completion, summing up, adding up.

consummo : to add together, sum up, make perfect, complete.

consumo : to spend, employ, use up, finish, waste away, destroy.

consumo : to devour.

consuo consui consutum : to sew together, stitch.

consurgo : to stand up, rise up /to arise, break out.

contabesco : to waste slowly away, decline in health.

contactus : touching, contact /contagion.

contages : a touch, contact.

contagio contagium : contagion, infection /touching, contact.

contagio : infection.

contamino : to pollute, infect.

contamino : to defile.

contego : to cover, shield, protect, defend.

contego : to conceal.

contemno : to think meanly of, despise, condemn, hate.

contemno : to defy.

contemplatio : survey, contemplation.

contemplor : to mark out, regard, consider carefully, survey.

contemplor : to observe.

contemptim : contemptuously.

contemptio : scorn, disdain, contempt.

contemptus : despised, despicable, contemptible.

contendo : to compare, contrast /compete.

contendo : to assert, maintain /shoot (a missile), cast.

contendo : to contend, strive, struggle, hasten.

contente : eagerly, earnestly.

contentio : controversy, straining.

contentus : strained, stretched /eager, zealous.

contentus : contented, satisfied.

contero : to crush .

conticeo : to be silent.

conticinium : first part of the night, evening.

contigo : to happen, befall.

contineo : to touch, reach, grasp, affect, infect.

contineo : to keep in, surround, contain, confine, include.

contineo : to hold, to keep togethere, to contian.

contineo : hold together, keep together, connect, join.

contineo border on /befall .

contineo: to hold back, restrain.

contingo : to touch / to happen, befall, occur.

contingo : to touch closely, happen to, befall.

contingo : to concern, meet with, attain.

continuo : forthwith, without delay.

continuo : to join together, to be after.

continuo : immediately, at once.

continuus : uninterrupted, next.

continuus : connected together, continuous, uninterrupted.

contorqueo : to twist.

contra : against.

contradico : to speak against, oppose verbally, gainsay.

contradictio : contradiction, opposition.

contradictio : objection.

contradictio : a speaking against, contradiction.

contrado : to deliver together, or wholly.

contraho : to gather together, assemble, draw up, unite.

contraho : to conclude / to reduce, contract, constrict.

contrarius : contrary, opposed.

contrecto : to touch, handle, feel.

contremisco : to tremble, shake, quake /be afraid of.

contremo : to tremble, shake.

contricio : crushing, contrition.

contristo : to make sad or gloomy.

contristo : to sadden, afflict, damage of crops.

contubernium : band of armed retainers.

contumax : insolent.

contumacia : arrogance.

contumelia : blow.

contumeliose : insolently.

contundo : to pound.

conturbo : to confuse, scatter, throw into confusion, distress.

conturbo : to derange.

convalesco : to grow strong, gain strength.

convello : to shatter.

convulsus : shattered.

conveniens : agreeing, accordant.

convenienter : consistently.

convenio : to join together, come together.

conventio : covenant, assembly.

conventus : coming tohether, assembly, union, congress.

conventus : assembly.

conversatio : way, manner of life /monastic life.

conversatio : frequent abode in a place.

converso : to abide.

converto : to turn around, cause to turn /to adopt the monastic life.

converto : to transform.

converto : to convert.

convinco : to overcome, conquer.

convinco : to overcome, to demonstrate.

convoco : to call together, convene.

cooperio : covered wholly.

copia cornu : fruitful and abundant supply.

copia : abundant supply.

copia : abundamce, supply.

copiae copie : supplies, troops, forces.

copiose : fully, at length, copiously.

copiosus : wealthy, rich, abundantly provided, well-equipped.

copiosus : well supplied, plentiful,.

copula : bond.

copulo or copulor : to couple.

Corbeiam : Corbie.

corium : skin.

cornu : horn.

corollarium : flower-garland.

corona : crown, diadem.

corporeus : fleshly.

corpus : corporis : body, corpse.

correptio : reproof.

correptius : more shortly.

corrigia : rein.

corrigo : to correct.

corrigo : (correctum) to make correct, make right.

corripio : to seize, snatch up, steal, (of a disease) attack.

corroboro : to strengthen.

corrumpo : to falsify / to corrupt.

corrumpo : to break up, destroy, annihilate /spoil, weaken.

corruo : to fall to the ground, sink down /be ruined, destroyed.

corruo : to tumble.

corruptio : downtumble, seduction, bribery.

Corturiacum : Courtrai.

corusco : to glitter, glittering.

coruscus : flashing, twinkling, shaking, trembling.

cos : whetstone.

cotidie : daily, every day.

Courtacum : Courtrai.

coutor : to associate with, have dealings with.

crapula : wine-drinking, intoxication, drunkenness.

crapula : wine : intoxication, drunkenness.

cras : tomorrow, on the morrow.

crastinus : of the morrow, the morrow.

creator : creator, founder.

creatura : creature, servant.

creber : thick, frequent, numerous.

crebra : frequent, repeated.

crebresco : to to become frequent.

crebro : repeatedly, often, one after the other, time after time.

credo : to believe /trust, commit / trust in, rely on/ think.

credo : to believe.

credulitas : easiness of belief, just belief.

credulus : full of confidence.

cremo : to consume by fire.

creo : to create, make.

creperum : darkness.

crepido : foundation, base / pedestal / pier, quay / dam.

crepitaculum : a rattle.

crepito : to rattle, creak, rustle.

creptio : taking by force, seizure.

crepundia : a toy, rattle, plaything.

crepusculum : dusk, twilight.

cresco : to grow, increase, expand / spring forth, arise.

creta : chalk, fuller’s earth.

cretatus : chalked, in white.

cretosus : abounding in chalk.

cretus : descended from.

cribro : to sift.

cribrum : sieve.

crimen : an accusation, charge / fault, guilt, crim.

crimen : cause of a crime.

crimen : guilt.

criminatio : accusation, charge, calumny.

criminator : accuser.

criminor : to accuse / complain of.

criminose : reproachfully.

criminosus : slanderous, reproachful.

crines : hair, locks.

spargo : to cut hair.

crinis : hair/ tail of comet, rays of sun.

crinis : hair.

crinitus : long haired.

crispans : wavy, curly.

crispo : to curl / move rapidly / brandish, wave.

crispus : curly-haired, curly / trembling, quivering, shaking.

crista : crest, plume / rooster’s comb.

cristatus : crested, plumed.

croceus : yellow, golden, saffron-colored, of saffron.

crocinus : yellow, saffron-colored / saffron oil.

crocodilus : crocodile.

crocotula : saffron-colored robe.

crocus : crocus, saffron / yellow, saffron-colored.

crotalia : ear-rings.

cruciamentum : torture, torment.

cruciatus : torture, torment.

crucio : to be afflicted.

crucio : to torture, torment.

crudelis : cruel.

crudelis : cruel.

crudelitas : cruelty, inhumanity.

crudeliter : cruelly.

crudeliter : in a cruel manner.

crudesco : to become violent, become hard.

cruditas : an overly full stomach.

crudus : bleeding / raw, uncooked / unripe / unprepared food.

crudus : green, fresh, immature, untimely / undigested / harsh.

cruento : to make bloody, stain with blood.

cruentus : bloody, bloodthirsty, blood-red.

crumens : bag, purse / funds, store of cash.

cruor : blood, gore.

cruor : cruoris : bloodshed, murder, slaughter, gore.

crur, cruris : leg, shank, shin, also foot.

crus : shin.

crusta : crust.

crusta : rind, peel, bark, shell / inlay, embossing.

crustulum : pastery, cookie.

crustum : bread, cake.

crux crucis : cross.

crypta : vault, grotto, covered gallery.

crystallinus : of crystal.

crystalus : crystallus : a crystal, crystal drinking cup.

cubans : sloping.

cubicularis : pertaining to a bedroom.

cubicularius : bed-chamber servant, chamberlain.

cubiculum : bedroom, sleeping chamber.

cubile : bed, marriage bed / lair, den, nest / hive of bees / seat.

cubitalis : a cubit long.

cubito : to lie down often.

cubitum ire : to go to bed, retire.

cubitum : the elbow /a cubit.

cubitus : cubitus : a lying down, rest.

cubo : to lie down, recline / be ill in bed.

cuculla : cowl.

cui : TO WHOM did you give it?.

cui : IN WHICH province did you live?.

cui : TO WHOM the cattle belonged.

cuius : (the priest) WHOSE virtues were many.

cuius : (the queen), the vices OF WHOM were many.

cuius : (the building) the size OF WHICH was great.

cuiusmodi : of what kind.

culmen : summit, pillar.

culpa : fault.

culpa : fault, blame, .

culpo : to blam, censure, accuse.

cultellus : a little knife.

culter : cultri : plough-coulter.

cultor : cultivator, planter /with gen.= resident, inhabitant.

cultor : cultivator, worshipper.

cultura : cultivation.

cultus : worship, reverence/ splendor.

cum : with.when, as, while, since, although.when.

cumulatius : in rich abundance.

cumulo : to heap.

cumulus : surplus.

cunabula : cradle.

cunae : nest for young birds.

cunctatio : delay.

cunctator : delayer, procrastinator,.

cunctor : to delay, impede, hold up.

cunctus : all, all collectively, the whole.

cuneus : troops drawn up for battle in the shape of a wedge.

cupiditas : ambition, avarice, party spirit, eager desire.

cupiditas : greed.

cupido : passion, desire, wantining, yearning, longing.

cupidus : eager for.

cupio : to desire, wish, long for, desire.

cupio : to desire, long for/to.

cuppedia : delicacies, candies, sweetmeats.

cupressus : cypress, cyrpess wood, a cypress-wood casket.

cur : why, wherefore.

cura : management, administration, care, concern, charge.

cura : concern.

curatio : attention /medical attention, healing, curing.

curator : guardian, overseer.

curia : court.

curiositas : curiosity, inquisitiveness, nosiness.

curiosus : careful, attentive/ curious, inquisitive/ worn out by cares.

curis quris : a spear.

curo : to care for, trouble about, pay attention to.

curo : manage, administer /provide money.

curo : to see to a thing being done / cure, rest.

curo : to care for nothing.

curriculum : a running, race, lap around the track, course.

currus : cart /a plow with wheels.

cursim : hastily, quickly, rapidly.

cursito : to run up and down.

curso : to run back and forth.

cursor : runner, carrier, messenger.

cursus : course.

cursus : a race, a running, race course, race track, course.

curto : to shorten, abbreviate.

Curtracus : Courtrai.

curtus : shortened /mutilated, defective /gelded.

curvo : to bend, arch, curve /influence.

curvo : to bow.

curvus : arched, bent, bowed, curved, crooked, wrong .

cuspis : point, the pointed end /spear, javelin /cooking spit.

cuspis : spear.

custodia : protection, custody.

custodia : guardianship.

custodiae custodie : guards, wardens.

custodio : watch over, observe.

custodio : to guard.

custos : guardian, keeper, watchman, attendant,, guard /spy.

custos : guard.

cyclicus : circuitous.



Daci : Dacians.

dacigena : Dacian-born.

damnatio : condemnation.

damnatio : condemnation.

damno : to condemn, damn.

damno : to condemn.

damnum : loss, damage.

damnum : loss, damage, injury /a fine:

dapes : fortune, wealth.

dapifer : senescal.

daps : banquet.

do pacem : to grant peace.

de : down from, from, concerning, about.

dealbo : to purify, whitewash.

debello : cnquer, vanquish /end a war.

debello : to vanquish, finish a war, fight out.

debeo : to owe, to be morally bound to, to be bound by.

debilito : to weaken, ennervate, sap, exhaust.

debitum : debt.

debrio : to intoxicate.

decens, decenter : properly, fittingly, suitably.

decens : becoming, graceful.

decenter : becomingly, properly.

decentia : propriety, decency of behavior.

decerno : to decide, determine, settle / to decide to do something.

decerno : to judge, resolve on.

decerpo : to pluck off / to gather, take away.

decertatio : a contest, contention.

decerto : to contend, fight to the finish.

decessio : a retreat, withdrawal / departure, leavin.

decessio : decrease, diminution.

decessor : someone who retires / a predecessor.

decessus : retirement / withdrawal / departure / death.

decet : it is seemly, comely, suitable, proper.

decet : fitting.

decido : to cut down, cut off / arrange, settle.

decido : to fall down / fall dead, die / sink, fall.

decimus : tenth.

decipio : to ensnare, deceive.

deceptio deception.

decipio : ensnare, trap, beguile, deceive, cheat.

declamatio : loud or violent speech / declamatio.

declamatio : practice in oratory.

declamo : to declaim, orate / speak loudly.

declaratio : a clarification.

declaro : to prove.

declaro : to explain, explain, reveal.

declaro : to proclaim (a person as chosen).

declinatio : a turning aside / declining.

declinatio : avoiding / inflection, declension.

declino : to turn aside, deflect, turn away.

declino : avoid / deviate, swerve/ digress.

declino : to turn away.

declive : a slope, decline.

decoctor : a spendthrift, bankrupt, a fool parted from his money.

decollo : to behead.

decolo : to trickle away.

decolor : pale, without color.

decoloratio : discoloration.

decoquo : to waste / become bankrupt.

decoquo : to boil down, boil away / melt away.

decor : beauty, grace.

decoro : to grace.

decoro : beautify, embellish, adorn.

decorus : beautiful, graceful, charming, proper, fit, becoming.

decorus : decorated, elegant.

decrepitus : infirm, decrepit.

decresco : to decrease, grow smaller.

decresco : to wane.

decretum : decree, judgment, edict, order.

decretum : ordinance, principle.

decumbo : to fall, fall into, lie down.

decurro : to sail downstream.

decurro : to sing.

decurro : to run down / manoeuver / run in a race / take refuge.

decursio : a charge, manoeuver.

decursus : a running down /charge, manoeuver, attack.

completion of a course.

decursus : downward course.

decurto : to mutilate.

decus : honor, dignity, ornament.

dedecor : unseemly, shameful, disgraceful, dishonorable.

dedecus : shame, dishonor, disgrace, crime, dishonorable act.

dedecus : disgrace, blemish + gen.

dedico : to dedicate.

dedignor : to scorn.

dedo : to surrender, consign.

deduco : to lad out colonists, found a colony.

deduco : to escort, bring away.

defaeco : to cleanse, purify, purge.

defendo : to support.

defendo : to defend, ward off, protect, shelter.

defensabiliter : defensibly.

defenso : to defend diligently.

defensor : supporter, defender.

defero : to carry, to bear, to bring.

defero : to hand over, carry down, communicate, offer, refer.

defessus : weary, tired.

defetiscor : to grow tired, weary.,.

deficio : weaken, to be in want.

deficio : to fail, to weaken, to be in want.

deficio : to to be wanting, to run out, fail, withdraw.

defigo : fasten down, secure, fix firmly/ concentrate, fix upon.

defigo : to fasten.

definxu obtutu : to one’s gaze fixed and frozen.

defleo : to bewail, weep for.

defleo : to bewail.

defluo : to flow down, waste, disappear.

defluo : to flow away, disappear, be lost.

defuncta : deceased.

defungo : to discharge one’s duties, quit, retire, die, finish.

defungor : to pass away.

degenero : to cause to degenerate, disgrace by degeneracy.

degenero : to be unlike one’s kind, fall off, degenerate.

degero : to pass time, live.

degusto : to taste.

deinde : next, then, thereafter, from that place.

deinde : adv, afterwards.

delectabilis : delightful.

delectatio : delight, pleasure, enjoyment.

delectatio : delight.

delecto : to attract, delight/ (pass + abl) take delight in.

delecto : to delight in/ to love.

delego : to transfer, commit, assign, impute, attribute, ascribe.

deleo : blot out, erase /annihilate, destroy.

deleo : to destroy, wipe out, erase.

deleo : to obliterate, efface.

delibero : to consider, deliberate.

delibero : to determine, to be determined, resolve.

delibuo : to anoint.

delicate : luxuriously, delicately, slowly.

deliciae : allurements, charms, delights, fancies / sweetheart.

delictum : transgression.

delinquentes : transgressors.

delinquo : to fail, be wanting/ fail in duty, commit a crime.

delitesco : to hide away.

delubrum : shrine.

deludo : to mock, cheat.

deluo : to cleanse.

demens : insane, mad, out of one’s mind, foolish.

demergo : to sink, plunge into, dip under, go into debt.

demergo : to plunge.

demitto : set dowwn, let fall (to offer payment to the church).

demitto : to let down, lower.

demo : to take away, subtract.

demo : to remove.

demonstro : to indicate, show, describe, explain.

demonstro : to prove.

demoror : to loiter, linger, tarry, belay.

demulceo : to stroke down, caress by stroking.

demulceo : to soften.

demum : at length at las, finally.

denego : to refuse, deny, reject.

denique : at last, finally, again, in short.

denominata : designated, designate specifically.

dens : dentist, tooth.

densitas : thickness.

denso : to grow thick.

denuncio : declare, give notice, announce.

denuntio : to announce officially, pronounce, declare.

denuntio : announce.

denuo : anew, again, a second time, afresh.

deorsum : downwards.

depascor : to feed upon.

depereo : to perish, be utterly ruined.

depono : to put down, lay aside.

depono : to set down, bring down.

depopulatio : pillaging, looting, sacking, plundering, robbing.

depopulo : depopulor : to lay waste, ravage, devastate.

depopulo : to pillage.

depopulor : to pillage.

deporto : to carry off, to take away.

deporto : to carry off, fetch.

deposco depoposci : to demand.

deposco : to earnestly request.

depraedor depredor : to plunder, lay waste, pillage, ravage.

deprecativus : deprecative.

deprecatio : prayer.

deprecator : intercessor, one who pleads on behalf.

deprecor : to beg by entreaty, to excuse oneself / curse.

deprecor : to entreat for, beg for /intercede /curse.

deprecor : to deprecate, intercede?.

deprehendo : to understand, overtake.

deprehensio : detection.

deprimo : to press down, depress, low-lying.

depromo : to take down, produce, fetch out.

depulso : push aside, thrust away.

deputari : to be classed among, be condemned to.

deputo : to count, estimate/prune, cut off.

derelinquo : to forsake, desert, abandon.

derideo : to laugh at, mock, deride.

derigesco : to become stiff.

derigo : to set straight, put in order.

deripio : to tear down, snatch away.

deruptus : broken off.

desaevio : to rave furiously.

describo : to describe, register, assign.

desero : to leave, abandon, foresake.

desero : to abandon, foresake.

desideratus : welcome.

desiderium : wish, longing /regret, grief /want, need.

desidero : to long for, wish for greatly, to miss.

desidiosus : lazy, unmotivated.

designo : designate, define, describe, mark out.to define,to represent.

desino : leave off, give over, cease, stop, end, desist.

desipio : to act foolishly, play the fool, make an ass of one’s self.

desisto : to desist from.

desolo : to leave desolate, abandoned, to forsake.

desolo : to desert, foresake, leave.

desparatus : given up on / desparate.

despectivus : despicable.

despecto : overlook, dispise, look down upon.

desperata : irremediable.

despero : to have no hope, despair, give up.

despero : to be without hope, despair / despair of, give up.

despero : to despair.

despiciens : contemptuous.

despicio : to look down, regard from above, despise.

despicio : to disdain.

desposco : to demand.

destinatus : resolute, firm, determined, with one’s mind made up.

destino : to fasten down, make fast, fix /determine settle /appoint.

destituo : to place /leave in the lurch, abandon,.

destituo : to abandon, defraud.

destitutus : destitue of.

destruo : to tear down .

desudo : to exert oneself.

desuesco : to to be unaccustomed.

desum : defui : deesse : to fail, err, fall short, be missing, absent.

desumo : to select, elect, choose, take out.

desuper : from above.

detego : detectum : to uncover, lay bare, disclose.

detego : to expose.

determino : to fix the limits of, set boundaries to, delimit.

determino : to settle, prescribe.

detestabilis : execrable.

detestor : to denounce.

detineo : hold off, hold back, detain.

detineo : to keep back, detain, hang onto.

detraho : to drag off.

detrimentum : damage, loss, detriment.

detrimentum : defeat, damage.

detrudo : to thrust down.

deus : god.

devasto : to lay waste, ravage.

devenio : to come to, arrive at, reach.

devia : out-of-the-way roads.

devia : lonely, unfrequented places.

devinco : to subdue.

devio : to turn from the straight road.

devito : to avoid.

devius : inconstan.

devoco : to call away, call down, call aside.

devoro : to devour.

devotio : Christian, piety, devotion, zeal.

devotio : piety.

devoveo : to consecrate, sacrifice, devote /curse, execrate.

dexter : right, on the right.

dextera : the right hand.

diabolus : devil, Satan.

diadema : diadem, abbot’s mitre .

diapason : whole octave.

diapente : fifth.

diaria : daily allowance of pay, food.

diatesseron : fourth.

dico : (dictum ) to say, tell, speak, name, call, pronounce.

dico : to say.

dico mandatum legationis : to relay a message.

dictata : things dictated, lessons, presents.

dictator : dictator.

dictito : to say often, reiterate.

dicto : to say often, dictate, get written down.

dictum : word, dictate.

dictus dictus : a saying, a speech.

didicerat : written words

didico : to be told (Herimann cap. 39, 44).

dido dididi didtum : to separate, divide, distribute.

dies diei : day.

diffama : spread around, made known.

diffamo : to proclaim.

differo : to delay, postpone / to differ, be different.

differo : to spread about, spread news / harrass, disturb.

differo : to spread news / delay, defer, postpone.

differo : to hesitate.

differtus : stuffed full, crammed, jammed.

difficilis : difficult, hard, troublesome.

difficultas : difficulty, need, trouble, distress.

diffidens : without self-confidence, distrusting.

diffidentia: disobedience.

diffido : to be distrustful, distrust, despair.

diffinio : to terminate.

diffundo : to spread, pour forth, scatter.

diffusus : outspread.

digero : to relate in order, dispose.

digestor : arranger, composer, one who makes a pattern.

digladio : to run through with swords.

dignanater : courteously.

dignitas : merit, worth, prestige, dignity.

dignitas : rank, dignity.

dignor : to deign.

dignosco dignosco : to distinguish, recognize as different.

dignus : worthy, worthy of, meritorious.

digredior digredi digressus : to depart, deviate, digress.

digressio : separation, departure, digression.

digressus : separation, departure, digression.

dilabor, to break up, scatter, dissolve, slip away, fall apart.

dilabor : to perish.

dilanio : to tear to pieces.

dilato : to spread out, extend, expand, increase.

dilectio : love, solicitude, esteem.

dilgenter : attentively, earnestly, carefully, diligently.

diligens : diligent, careful.

diligenter : diligently.

diligentia : diligence, industry, perseverance, persistence.

diligo : to choose out, esteem highly, prize, love.to value highly.

dilitatio : dilatatio : enlarging.

diluculo : dawn, daybreak.

diluo : to remove, resolve.

dimico : to contend, struggle.

dimidium : half.

dimitto : to break up, dismiss, leave, abandon, leave behind.send away

directus : plain, simple, direct, open, straightforward.

diremptio : separation.

dirigo : to arrange, “send out” a letter or ambassador.

diripio : to tear in pieces, lay waste, devastate, plunder.

diripio : to separate, tear apart /pillage, devastate, lay waste.

diripio : to plunder, tear to pieces.

diripio : to snatch away.

diriter : abominably.

dirumpo : to break to pieces.

dirunitas : long duration.

diruo : to destroy.

diruo : to demolish, destroy, ruin.

dirus : abominable.

dis : rich, possessing wealth or worth.

discedo : to depart from, deviate, leave.

discedo : to break up, depart, go away, pass away.

discedo : to go away.

discerpo : to dismember, disjoint, sever /divide, break up.

discerpo : to mangle.

discessio : f, management, ordering, direction.

discidium : separation, division, disagreement, tearing apart.

disciplina : teaching.

discipulus : disciple, student, learner, pupil.

disco : to learn, become acquainted with.

discordia : disagreement.

discrepo : to differ, to be diifferent, vary, disagree.

discretio : distinction.

discrimen : difference, hazard.

discrimino : to separate .

discurro : to run to and fro.

discutio : to dissipate.

disicio : to lay in ruins.

dispensatio : distribution, stewardship.

pensator : distributor.

disperdo : to destroy.

dispergo : to scatter.

dispertio : to divide.

dispono : to arrange, put in order, draw up (troops).

dispono : to describe, dispose.

disputatio : debate, dispute, discussion.

disputo : discuss.

disrumpo : to smash.

dissemino : to spread abroad.

dissero : to examine, treat of, discuss.

dissero : to discuss, speak, declare, utter.

dissimilis : unlike, different, disparate, dissimilar, distinct.

dissimulo : to ignore, leave unnoticed.

dissimulo : to conceal, disguise, keep secret.

dissimulo : to disguise.

dissipo : to demolish.

dissolutus : lax, weak, wanting in energy, dissolute, profligate.

distinctus : separate, apart, different.

distinctus : a distinguishing, distinction, difference.

distinguo : separate, divide, part/ distinguish, discriminate.

distinguo : decorate, adorn, embellish/ punctuate.

distinguo : to divide.

distraho : distraxi : distractum : to pull apart, pull in pieces.

distraho : (to a person) estrange, distract /(property) sell up, alienate.

distraho : (associations) to break up, dissolve.

distribuo : to distribute, divide.

distribuo : to apportion.

districtus : strict, severe /hesitating /busy.

distulo ; (past) to delay .

ditata : endowed, endow.

ditio : authority.

dito : to enrich, endow, make wealthy.

dito : to enrich, make wealthy.

ditus : rich.

diu : by day, for a long time, a long time ago.

diu : adv. a long while, long time, for a long time.

diurnitas : long duration.

diutinus : lasting a long time, enduring, long-lived.

diutius : longer, too long (a period of time).

diuturnus : lasting a long time, of long duration.

divello : to tear apart, away, untie.

diverbero : to cudgel soundly.

diversus : different, unlike, opposed, hostile.

diverticulum : by-way.

diverto : to turn aside.

dives : rich, opulent, wealthy.

divido : to divide, scatter.

divinatio : prediction, divination.

divinitus : divine influence, admirably, nobly, by inspiration.

divinitus : by divine communication, by divine influence .

divinus : divine, sacred.

divitiae divitie : riches, wealth.

divortium : division.

divulgamen : fame.

divulgatio : publishing, spreading abroad.

divum : sky.

do : to give, offer, convey, offer, donate, furnish.

doceo docui doctum : to instruct, teach, tutor.

doctiloquus : speaking learnedly.

doctor : teacher.

doctrina : doctrine, teaching, instruction, learning.

doctus : taught, instructed, learned, tutored.

dolens : painfully.

doleo : to suffer pain, to be pained, grieve.

dolor : pain, grief. misery, pain, suffering.

dolosa : deceitful.

dolose : slyly, deceitfuly.

dolositas : deceit.

dolosus : crafty, cunning, sly, deceitful.

dolus : fraud, deceit, guile, treachery, a trap.

dolus : [instrument of] deceit, trap, ambush.

domesticus : domestic, civil.

domigena : resident of a household, pl : household retinue.

domina domna: lady, mistress.

dominatio :dominium : lordship. dominion, domination.

dominatus : rule, mastery, tyranny, domination.

dominatus : mastery.

dominica : demesne.

dominor : to be mastered.

dominor : [+ gen] to be lord and master of, dominate.

dominus domno : master, lord.

dominus : lord, master.

domito : to tame, subdue, break in.

domus : house, home, residence.

domus : household, house, abode.

donarium : votive offering.

donativum : donation, offering.

donatus : given.

donec : up to the time when, until, as long as, while.

dono : to give.

donum : gift, present, donation.

donum : gift, votive offering.

dormio : to sleep, slumber, siesta, nap.

dormito : to be dreaming.

doxa : glory.

dubito : to doubt, hesitate.

dubium : doubt, hesitation, reservation.

ducamen : duchy, ducal dignity.

duco : to lead on the march, marry a wife, command.

duco : to calculate, count, reckon, esteem, considered.

duco : to draw, shape, construct/ (time) spend, delay.

duco : to charm, influence, mislead, draw in.

duco : to lead, draw, esteem, consider.

ductor : general, leader, commander, guide.

dudum : for a long while, a long while ago, some time ago.

dulcedo : sweetness, pleasantness, charm.

dulcidine : sweetly, pleasantly, charmingly.

dulcis : sweet, pleasant, agreeable.

dulcis : delightful.

dulcitudo dulcitudinis.

dum : while, as long as, until.

dummodo : provided.

dumtaxat : at least, not less than / at most, not more than.

duo : two.

duplicitas : multiplication by two, ambiguity, duplicity.

duro: to harden, last, endure.

durus : hard, harsh, tough, strong,enduring, / rough, rude, uncouth.

dux ducis : leader, guide, commander

dux : duke.



eatenus : so far, thus far, up to then.

ebullio : to boil up, bubble up, to appear, produce in abundance.

ecce : Lo! Behold! See!.

ecclesia : church.

econtra : the same as contra: against, opposite, etc.

ecquando : at any time? ever?.

edico : to announce, declare.

edictum : ordinance.

editio : the publishing of a book, an announcement.

editio : statement.

edo edi essum : to eat, consume, devour, waste.

edo : put forth, give out.

edoceo : to inform fully, instruct thoroughly.

edoceo : to instruct thoroughly.

edoctus : well versed, informed.

educo : to draw out, lead out, march out/bring up, rear/ issue.

educo : to foster, draw out.

educator : tutor.

edulis : edible.

eduro : to last endure, persist.

edurus : hard.

effector : effectrix : producer, someone who causes something.

effectus : doing, execution, performance, effect, result.

effectus : rendered.

effeminatus : womanish.

effercio : to cram, stuff, fill.

effero : extuli : elatum : to carry out, bury, lift up, exalt.

effero : to bring forth.

effertus : stuffed, jammed, crammed.

efferus : savage, wild, untamed, undomesticated.

efferus : fierce.

effervo : to boil up, swarm out .

efficaciter : effectively, efficiently.

efficax : effective, efficient.

efficax : efficacious.

efficens : efficient, effective.

efficenter : efficiently, effectively, powerfully.

efficio : to do, produce, effect, make/ bring about, cause /prove.

efficio : to bring to pass.

effigies : effigia : effigy, idol, likeness /ghost, appartition /ideal.

effingo : to form, fashion, make /duplicate, copy.

efflagito : to plead urgently.

effligo : efflixi : efflectum : to wipe out, obliterate, destroy.

efflo : to breathe out, blow out.

effloresco : to blossom, bloom, break out.

effluo : to vanish /be forgotten /pour out, leak, seep /become known.

effluvium : an outlet /seepage.

effodio : to dig out, excavate /to gut.

effor : to speak, express /state /declare.

effor : to speak out.

effreno : to let go without reins.

effrenus : wild, unrestrained, unchecked, unbridled.

effringo : effregi : effractum : to break, break open.

effugio : effugi : effugiturus : flee from, escape, elude, run away.

effundo : to pour out, pour forth, shed, utter.

effundo : to pour out.

effusio : a pouring form, effusion.

effusio : exhilaration, upwelling of emotion.

effutio : to gab, chatter.

egelidus : thawed, lukewarm, tepid.

egens : to needy.

egenus : in want of, in need of, destitute.

egeo : to need, lack, want, be without.

egestas : to extreme poverty.

ego : I, self.

egredior : egressus : to go out, leave, depart, exit.

egredior : to come out.

egregius : illustrious, eminent, distinguished.

egressio : withdrawal, depart, withdraw.

eia : oh.

eicio : eiectum : to throw out, eject, drive out.

ejulo : to wail.

elabor : to slip away, escape.

elatio : high wave, self-exaltation.

elatus : puff-up, proud of oneself, arrogant.

elatus : puffed up.

electrum : amber.

electus : chosen, select.

elegans : elegant, fine.

elementum : first principle, element, basic constituent.

elemosina : alms.

elemosinarius : almoner, person in charge of providing charity.

elido : to dash to pieces.

eligo : to pick out, select, choose.

eligo : to elect.

eloquens : eloquent, persuasive, fluent.

eloquentia : eloquence, readiness of speech, fluency, persuasiveness.

eloquor : to speak out, express oneself, declare, speak eloquently.

elucido : to light.

elucubro : to compose with great labor.

eluo : to wash out, rinse cleanse /squander, waste.

eluvies : a flowing over, flood, innundation.

eluvio : inundation.

emanio : to flow out, spread /arise, emanate, originate.

emendator : corrector, editor.

emendo : to amend, correct.

emendo : to free from faults, emend, edit.

emercor : to buy up.

emereor : to deserve.

emergo : emersi : emersum : to arise, come up, rise up, occur.

emerio : to obtain by service, earn completely, deserve well.

emico : to shine.

emineo : to stand out, project, be remarkable, conspicuous.

emineo : to be prominent, conspicuous .

eminor : to threaten, menace.

eminus : at a distance, from a distance.

emiolios : one and a half.

emiror : to wonder at exceedingly.

emitto suspiria : to to sigh.

emitto : to send out.

emo emi emptum : to buy, purchase.

emoveo : to move away, remove, take away.

emptio : a buying, a purchase.

emundo : to cleanse.

en : behold!.

enim : in fact, truly, indeed.

enim : for, in fact, truly (may often be omitted).

enimvero : indeed.

eniteo : to gleam.

enitor : to labour to bring forth, bear children.

ensis : sword.

enucleate : plainly.

enucleo : to make clear.

enumero : to count, count up, enumerate.

enutrio : to bring up.

eo ire itum : to go, advance, proceed, travel, move along, progress.

eo : to advance, march on, go, leave.

ephebus : youth.

episcopalis : episcopal.

episcopus : bishop.

epistola : letter, epistle, missive, message.

epistula : letter, epistle, missive, message.

epitaphium : funeral oration.

epithalamium : wedding song.

epitoma : abridgement, summary.

epitome : abridgement, summary.

epops : epopis : (a bird).

epos : epic poem.

epotus : drunk up, drained / swallowed up.

eptheca : an addition.

epulae : a banquet, feast / food / dishes, courses of a meal.

epulo : sumptuous food, banquet, feast.

epulor : to feast, banquet, dine.

epulor : to feast, feast on.

epulor : to dine.

epulum : a banquet, feast.

equa : a mare.

eques : equitis : horseman, cavalry man rider (classical).

eques : horseman.

equester : equestrian, relating to cavalry.

equidem : indeed, truly, for my part.

equinus : equine, relating to horses.

equipero : to be the equal of.

equitatus : cavalry, horsemen (classical).

equito : to ride on horseback.

equito : to ride, ride through.

equus : horse, steed, mount.

era : mistress, lady.

eradico : to root out, destroy, obliterate, get rid of.

erado : erasi : erasum : to scratch out, erase / destroy.

erectus : upright, standing / resolute.

erectus : proud / alert / anxious /cheerful.

erepo : to creep out, creep over, creep up.

ereptio : seizure, taking by force, confiscation.

ereptio : seizure.

ereptor : thief, robber.

erga : toward, about.

ergastulum : a workhouse for slaves.

ergo : on account of, because of.

ergo : accordingly, then, therefore.

ericius : hedgehog, chevaux de frise.

erigo : to erect, raise, set up / arouse, encourage, incite.

erigo : to arouse, raise up.

erilis : relating to a master or mistress.

eripio : eripui : ereptum : to snatch away, take away / rescue, free.

eripio : to snatch.

erogatio : payment, expenditure.

erogo : to ask for / to pay out, expend, disburse.

erogo : to disburse.

errabundus : wandering.

erratio : a wandering, straying.

erratum : fault, error, mistake.

erratus : wandering, straying.

erro : to wander, stray, rove / be mistaken, err, go astray.

erro : to go astray, wander, err.

error : wandering, error, mistake, deception.

error : erroris : error, mistake, going astray.

error : uncertainty / deception.

erubesco : to blush to, blush for, respect.

erubescundus : something to be ashamed of, worth blushing over.

eruca : a colewort (plant).

eructo : to vomit, throw up /to cast out, throw out.

eructo : eject / belch.

erudio : to polish, smooth / instruct, teach, educate.

erudio : to polish, instruct.

eruditio : instruction, teaching / knowledge, learning.

erumpo : to break out, burst forth / attack.

erumpo : to break open, vent, discharge, erupt.

eruo : to dig up, pull out / raze, demolish.

eruo : to pluck, rescue.

eruptio : an eruption, bursting forth / sally, attack, assault.

erus : master, owner, lord.

ervum : a bitter weed, vetch.

esca : food / bait.

esca : food.

escendo : -scensi, scensum : to ascend, go up, climb, to go inland.

escensio : a movement inland / milit. marching inland.

esculentus : succulent, delicious, ripe.

esito : to continue eating.

esse : nature of being.

esse suae potestatis : to be one’s own master.

essedarius : one who fight from a chariot.

esurio : to be hungry, to hunger / long for, desire, yearn.

esuritio : hunger.

et .. et : both .. and.

etenim : for indeed.

ethologus : a mimic.

etiam : as yet, still / even, also, besides.

etiam : (asking a question) : actually? really? in truth?.

etiam atque etiam : again and again.

etiam : (answering a question) yes, certainly.

etiam : (+ comparative) still [etiam maior = still greater.

etiam : and furthermore.

etiamnun : etiamnunc : yet, still, until now.

etiamsi : even if, although.

etiamtum : etiamtunc : even then / until then.

etsi : even if, although, nothwithstanding.

eu : euge : eugepae: good! well done! good job!.

eunuchus : eunuch.

evacuo : empty.

evado : to go out, set out / get off / escape / result.

evado : to escape.

evagor : to wander out, stray off.

evalesco : to grow strong / become fashionable / prevail / be able.

evaneo : to vanish.

evanesco : to vanish, disappear / pass away.

evangelium : the gospel.

evanidus : vanishing, disappearing / passing away.

evasto : to lay waste, devastate.

eveho : to carry out , sail away, ride away.

evello : to tear out, pluck out / turn out, result.

evello : to happen, occur, come about, befall.

evenio : to come to pass, happen, befall.

eventus : eventum : consequence, issue, result, occurrence, experience.

eventus : outcome, success, fate, event, occurrence.

everbero : to strike violently, to hit hard.

everriculum : a fishing net, seine / a clean sweep.

everro : to sweep out, plunder, pillage.

eversio : an overturning, destruction, ruin.

eversor : a destroyer.

everto : to destroy, ruin, demolish, raise, overthrow.

everto : to turn out, throw out, eject / dislodge, overturn.

evestigatus : found out, discovered. tracked down.

evidens : clear, distinct, plain, visible, evident.

evidenter : clearly, distinctly, plainly.

evigilo : to awaken /be alert, be watchful /[trans.] work hard at.

evincio : to tie up, bind.

evinco: to conquer, subjugate, enthrall, defeat.

eviscero : to disembowel.

evito : to shuun, avoid; also, to kill.

evoco : to draw out, draw on, produce, recall to the colors.

evolo : to flee, escape, fly away, rush out.

evolutio : unrolling and reading of a scroll, reading of a book.

evolvo : to untangle, extricate, detach, disclose, explain.

evomo : to vomit forth.

evulgo : to publish.

ex : out of, from within, from / on account of.

exacuo : to sharpen.

exaequo exequo : to be like, equal/ make level or even, relate.

exaestuo : to give forth, foam.

exaggeratio : accumulation.

exaggeratus : accumulated, abundantly supplied.

exaggero : to enlarge, accumulate.

exagito : to stir up.

exalto : to raise high.

exanimus : lifeless.

exardesco : to to be inflamed.

exaresco : to become dry, arid.

exarmo : to disarm.

exaro : to plow up, dig up /write on a wax tablet.

exaro : to write down, till.

exaspero : to irritate.

exaudio : to listen to, hear plainly, hear favorably.

exaudio : to hearken to, grant.

excedo : to exceed, leave, pass beyond.

excellens : superior.

excellentia : excellence, merit, worth.

excello : to elevate, surpass.

excelsa : elevations.

excessum : departure, death, digression.

excipo : to receive, intercept.

excipio : to take out, except /take, capture.

excito : call forth, bring about, wake, raise up.

excito : to awaken, occasion, stir.

exclamo : to shout, cry aloud, exclaim, call someone by name.

excludo : to shut out, exclude.

excolo : to honor (a deity), polish, adorn, refine, serve.

excolo : to tend, cultivate.

excorio : to shave /scalp, flay /oppress /peel.

excorio : to skin.

excrucio : to torment, torture, cause great pain.

excusatio : excuse.

excuso : to exempt from blame, excuse, make excuses, plead.

executio : to seize, recover.

executor : adminstrator, executive officer.

exemplar : model, pattern, original, prototype, book to copy.

exemplum : pattern, model, example .

exempoator : model, example.

exeo : to withdraw, go forth.

exerceo : to train, cultivate, keep at work, exercise, practice.

exerceo : to administer.

exercitatio : adminstration, prosecute.

exercitatio : work at, busy oneself in.

exercito : to practise diligently.

exercitus : army.

exertus : tested, tried, approved, experienced.

exesto : extra esto.

exhaurio : to exhaust, make out.

exhaustus : drained.

exheredo : to disinherit.

exheres : disinherited.

exhibeo exibeo : to produce, show, display, offer, allow, cause.

exhibeo : to sustain, deliver.

exhibitio : producing.

exhilaro : to make cheerful.

exhilaro : to delight.

exhorresco : to be horrified, to shake, shudder /dread, tremble at.

exhorto : to encourage.

exigo : drive out, force out, exact, demand, sell.

exigo : complete, finish, determine, decide, settle.

exigo : to exact.

exilis : thin, slender, meager.

eximietate : uncommonness, excellence.

eximius : extraordinary, excellent, fine, superb.

eximius : uncommon, extraordinary, exceptional.

eximo : to free, release, take out, remove, waste.

exinde : thence, next/ thereupon, after that, then/accordingly.

exinde : thence, furthermore.

existo : to become.

exitiabilis exitialis exitosus : fatal deadly, destructive, lethal.

exitialiter : perniciously.

exitium : destruction, ruin.

exitium : ruin.

exitus : going out, going forth, exit, end, finish.

exitus : withdrawing, outlet.

exorbatus : stripped.

exordior : to begin.

exordium : the beginning (especially of a speech).

exordium : commencement.

exorior : to rise, spring up, issue, appear, come forward.

exorior : to appear, come forth.

exorno : to furnish, provide, supply.

exorno : to equip, adorn.

exoro : to prevail upon a person, entreat successfully.

exoro : prevail upon, beg.

exorsus : begun.

exortus : appearance.

exosus : loathing, fiercely hating, despising.

exosus : hated exceedingly.

expalpo : to lure out, coax out.

expando : to spread out.

expedio : to release, set free, clear /explain, clarify, set straight.

expedio : to free from a snare, disentangle /ready, settled, arranged.

expedite : freely, easily.

expedite : promptly.

expeditio : enterprise.

expeditione : military operation, military force, expedition.

expeditus : unimpeded, unchecked /light-armed.

expello : to drive out, expel, force out, banish.

expello : to eject.

expendo : to consider.

expergefacio : to awaken.

expergescor : to bestir.

experior : to try, test, experience, prove.

experior : to test, put to the test, ascertain.

expers : wanting, destitute of, not sharing in.

expers : destitute of.

expertus : experienced, ascertained, knowing, proven .

expetens : desirous, eager.

expeto : to fall upon.

expeto : to demand, require / desire, strive after, make for.

expeto : to seek after, make for.

expilatio : plundering, taking booty.

expio : to purify.

expiscor : to fish out, find out, discover.

explano : to make clear.

expleo explevi expletum : to fill, fill up, complete, finish.

expleo : to make losses good/ fulfil, discharge .

expleo : to fulfill, finish.

expletio : satifying.

expletio : to bring to completion, finish, end.

expletus : perfect, complete.

explicatus: explanation, exposition.

explico : to unfold, unroll, disentangle / explain, expound.

explico : to uncoil, undo.

explorator : scout.

expono : to set forth, explain, expose.

expono : to expound, display.

exporrigo : to spread out.

exposco : to entreat.

expositus : open, accessible, exposed.

expostulo : to demand earnestly / to make a claim.

exprimo : to represent.

expugno : to capture, overcome, subdue, take by storm, gain.

expugno : to take by assault.

expurgo : to purge.

exquisitus : sought after, exquisite,excellent, fine, delicate.

exsecrabile : detestable.

exsecror : to detest, curse.

exsequiae : relics.

exsequor : to maintain, keep up, carry out, fulfill, accomplish.

exsequor : to execute, avenge, punish /relate, describe, explain.

exsequor exequor : to follow to the grave, follow to the end.

exsequor : to describe, carry out.

exsertus exertus : project, thrust forward.

exsilio : to spring forth, bound forth.

exsilium : exile, banishment.

exsisto : to emerge, appear, exist, be.

exsisto existo : to stand forth, arise, appear.

exsisto : to emerge, be/ happen, take place.

exsors : deprived of.

exspectata : welcome.

exspecto : to look for, expect, await, wait for.

exspecto : to await.

exstasis : amazement.

exstinguo, exstingui, exstinctum : to extinguish, put out.

exsto : to stand out, be extant, appear, project, show itself.

exsul : exile.

exsulo : to live in exile.

exsulto : to revel, rejoice exceedingly, exult.

exsupero : to excell.

extemplo : to at once.

extendo : to stretch out.

exter, externus : foreign.

exterminata : banished.

extermino : exussum, burn down, burn, set on fire.

externus : outer, foreign, outside, external.

exterritus : terrified.

extimus : outermost.

extollo : to praise exaggerate /decorate, adorn.

extollo : to lift up, raise up, erect /elevate, exalt.

extollo : to exalt.

extorqueo : to twist, wrench, dislocate /extort by force.

extra : beyond, outside.

extraho : prolong, protract/ bring forward.

extraho extraxi extractum : drag out, extract, remove/.

extraho : to draw forth.

extraneus : outside, exraneous/ foreign, strange.

extraneus : a foreigner, stranger.

extrarius : outward, external/ strange, unrelated, foreign.

extremitas : end, farthest part.

extremitas : end.

extremus : outermost, last, extreme.

extrico : disentangle, free, extricate, clear up, unravel.

extrinsecus : outwardly, externally, from the outside.

extrudo : to drive out.

extundo : drive away, repel violently, extort.

extundo : to form by beating with a hammer, invent, devise.

exturbo : to drive away, thrust out.

exuberans : superfluous.

exubero : to grow thickly, abound.

exubero : to abound in.

exulcero : to aggravate, exacerbate, irritate, make worse, embitter.

exulto : to exult, be joyful.

exululo : to howl loudly.

exundo : to overflow, abound,.

exuo : to lay aside, put away, store/strip, deprive.

exuo : to divest, strip off.

exuro, exussum : burn down, burn, set on fire.

exustio : burning up, conflagration.

exuviae : (anything taken off) dress, clothing.

exuviae : spoils, booty/ hides pelt.



faba : broad bean,.

faber : skilled, ingenious.

faber : craftsman, artisan.

fabre : skillfully, ingeniously.

fabrica : manufacture /craft, trade, art /trick, device.

fabrico : to construct.

fabrilis : workmanlike.

fabula : fable, story, tale, play.

fabula : fable.

facesso : to work zealously, do, accomplish.

facies : face, visage, countenance.

facies : aspect, appearance, look, condition.

facile : easily, without difficulty.

facile : easily.

facilis : easy, agreeable, affable, pleasant.

facillimus : easiest, most agreeable, pleasantest.

facina -oris : bad deed, crime, villainy/ deed, action.

facinarose : viciously, scandalously.

facinus : villainy.

facio : to give permission/ to experience, suffer (troubles).

facio : to sacrifice, suit, help, be of service.

facio : to make, do, act, perform, cause, bring about.

facio : to bring to pass, to order, to have done.

facio servitium : to be in one’s service.

facis : a bundle, packet.

facticius : artificial, man-made.

factum : deed, accomplishment, work, act, achievement.

factum : action.

facultas : power, means, opportunity, capacity, ability, stock.

facultas : feasibility, opportunity, resources…, abundance.

facultas : ability, store, wealth.

facunda : eloquent.

facunde : eloquently, fluently.

facundia : fertile, productive, profitable.

facunditas : fertility, qickness or readiness of speech.

facundus : eloquent, fluent, ready of speech.

faeneror : to hunt, loan, join.

faenum : fenum : hay.

faex : impurities.

fallo : to deceive, dupe.

falsidicus : lying.

falsus : false, deceptive.

falx : scythe.

fama : talk, report, rumor, gossip, tradition.

fama : report, common talk, fame.

famen : word, utterance, articulation.

fames : famine, hunger.

familia : family, household.

familiaris : belonging to a household / friendly, intimate.

familiaritas : confidential friendship, intimacy.

famosus : much spoken of, renowned /notorious, infamous /libellous.

famulatus : servitude, slavery, service /an extablishment of slaves.

famulatus : obeisance, attention, obedience, allegiance, vassalage,.

famulo : to attend.

famulor : to be a servant, to serve, attend, obey.

famulus : serving, servile /a servant, slave.

fanaticus : enthusiastic, inspired, frenzied.

fanum : a temple or church with the land around it, a holy place.

far farris : spelt, grain, meal.

farci, farci, fartum : to fill up, stuff.

farcio : to stuff.

farina : meal or flour.

farrago : mixed fodder for cattle, mash /mishmash, medley, mixture.

farratus : provided with grain.

fartim : stuffing, filling.

fartor : one who fattens fowls.

fas est :: it is right, it is fitting, it is lawful.

fas : divine law or command/ fate, destiny/ lawful, allowed.

fascia : bandage, band, girdle, girth.

fascino : to bewitch, envy.

fascis : bundle, burden.

fastidio : to dislike, have an aversion to, loathe.

fastidiosus : squeamish, dainty, fastidious.

fastidium : aversion, loathing.

fastidium : disgust, dislike, sqeamishness.

fastidium : scorn, disdain, haughtiness.

fastigate : slantingly.

fastigatus : pointed down, sloping down.

fastosus : pride, haughtiness.

fastus : haughtiness.

fatalis : deadly, fated.

fateor : to confess, admit, allow, reveal, make known.

fatigatus : wearied.

fatigo : worry, fatigue, vex, harass, tease.

fatigo : to harass, torment.

fatua : foolish.

fatuo : to render vain, cause to fail.

fatum : fate, destiny, doom, lot, weird.

fautor : favorer, promoter, patron, partisan, supporter.

fautor : promoter.

faveo : be favorable to, aid, support, help.

faveo : To be inclined to do.

faveo : to favor, befriend, delight in approval.

favillesco : to reduce to ashes.

feculentia : dregs, lees, impurities, filth.

feculentia : dregs, lees, impurities, filth.

fecunda : plentifully furnished, fertile.

fecundo : fertilize, make fruitful.

fefello : to be failed by, disappointed by something.

felicitas : happiness.

feliciter : happily.

felix felicis : lucky, fortunate, happy.

felix : happy, fortunate.

femina : woman.

fenestra : window.

fera : wild animal.

fere : almost, near;y, not quite, generally.

fere : well-nigh.

feretrum : bier, litter.

feretrum : bier.

ferinus : brutal.

feritas : wildness, savageness.

feriter : fiercely.

ferito : to fight, strike, deal blows, lash out.

ferme, fere : almost, about.

fero tuli latum : to carry, bring, tell, relate, and much else.

ferocia : high spirit, courage /arrogance, ferocity.

ferocitas : courage, untamed spirit /arogance.

ferocitas : savageness.

ferociter : with spirit, courageously /arrogantly, forciously.

ferox : spirited, courageous, warlike /wild, arrogant, unbridled.

ferox : headstrong.

ferramenta : tools made of iron, or shod with iron.

ferramentum : iron implement.

ferrarius : of iron /a blacksmith /iron mines.

ferrati : cuirassiers.

ferratilis : in chains (slaves and prisoners).

ferratus : a soldier in armor /in chains /furnished with iron.

ferratus : iron-clad.

ferreus : made of iron /hard, unfeeliing, cruel, unbending.

ferrugineus : rust colored, dusky.

ferrugo : the color of rust.

ferrum : iron, sword.

ferrum : sword, arms, iron, horseshoe.

fertilis : fruitful, fertile, productive.

fertilitas : fertility, fruitfulness.

fertilitas : abundance.

ferula : the herb fennel /a rad to beat children with.

ferus : fierce, wild, savage, untamed.

ferus : fierce.

fervefacio : to heat, boil, melt.

fervens : glowing, hot, heated /(character) heated, fiery.

ferventer : hotly, warmly.

ferveo : to be boiling hot, boil, seethe, glow.

ferveo : be excited by passion, rage.

ferveo : to boil, foam, glow.

fervesco : to become hot, begin to glow or boil.

fervidus : boiling, seething, foaming /fiery, passionate, excited.

fervidus : fiery.

fessus : wearied.

festinanter : hastily.

festinatio : speed, haste.

festino : to hasten, hurry, speed.

festino : to make haste.

festinus : hastening, hasty.

festivus : festive.

feteo : to have a bad odor, stink.

fictus : feigned.

ficus : fig tree.

fidelis : untranslated.

fidelis : faithful, loyal, true.

fidelitas : fidelity, loyalty, homage.

fidens : confident, without fear, courageous.

fides : lyre, string.

fides : promise, assurance, word of honor, engagement.

fides : promise, trust, faith, belief, truth.

fides : trustworthiness, protection.

fides : trust, confidence, reliance, belief, faith.

fiducia : confidence, trust, assurance.

fiducia : trustworthiness, confidence, reliance.

fiducialiter : confidently.

fidus : trusty.

fiendo : f.p.p, same as faciendo, the making, it will be made.

filia : daughter.

filiolus : godson.

filius : son.

fimus : dung, dirt, filth, manure.

fines : territory, limits, borders.

fines finium : boundaries, limits, /territory.

fingo : finxi : fictum : to touch, conceive, contrive.

finio : to cease.

finis : end, limit, boundary, purpose.

finitimus : adjoining.

finitimus finitumus : neighboring, adjacent, related to, similar.

fio, fieri, factus : be made, be done, become.

firmamentum : strengthening, prop, the main point, support.

firmiter : enduringly.

firmitudo : durability.

firmo : to make lasting, secure, affirm.

firmo : to assert, maintain/ strengthen, make firm / encourage.

firmus : firm, strong, reliable, solid.

firmus : steadfast, constant, durable.

flagello : whip, scourge.

flagitiosa : infamous.

flagitium : disgraceful act.

flagro : to blaze.

flamen : breeze, holy spirit, wind .

flamma : flame, fire.

flandrensis : Fleming, of or from Flanders.

flatus : blowing, blast, breathing, arrogance, haughtiness.

flax, falcis : sickle, bill-hook, pruning hook.

flebilis : lamentable, doleful.

flecto : to overcome, bend.

fleo : to weep.

fleo : to weep, cry, shed tears, sob.

flere : to cry, shed tears.

fletus : weeping, tears.

flexilis : pliant.

floccipendo : account of slight value, take lightly.

floreo : to [+ abl.] be distinguished for.

floresco : to begin to blossom.

flos : crown, move to and fro, wander.

fluctivagus : “wave-driven”.

fluctus : flood, billow.

fluctus : billow, wave.

fluidus : moist.

flumen : river.

fluo : to flow, pour, stream.

fodio : to prick, sting, jab.

foede : fouly, in a filty manner.

foedero : to ally, make a treaty, make a pact, federate.

foedis-e : foul, fithly.

foedo : to pollute.

foedus : alliance, agreement.

foedus : foederis : compact, covenant, agreement / law.

foeteo : to smell bad.

foetidus : smelly, stinking.

foetor : a bad smell, a stink.

foetus : young, progeny.

foliatus : leafy.

folium : leaf.

folliculus : small bag, small purse, little sack.

follis: a leather bag, purse, bellows, puffed-out cheeks.

fomentum : poultice / alleviation.

fomentum : nourishment.

fomes : stimulus, incentive, motive.

fomes : fomitis : tinder.

fomeus : smoky, smoke-filled.

fons : fontis : fountain, spring / fresh water / source, origin.

fonticulus : small spring, little fountain.

for : say, sing in verse, speak.

for : fari : fatus : (deponent) say, speak, talk about.

forabilis : penetrable.

foramen : foraminis : hole, opening, aperture.

foras : outside, without, out of doors / + dare = to publish.

forca : pitfall, snare, trap.

forceps : pincers, tongs.

forda : a cow with calf.

fore, forem : future infinitive of sum.

forensis : public.

forensis : relating to the forum / relating to legal business.

forensis, e : legal.

forfex : scissors, shears.

foris : a door, opening, entrance.

foris : out of doors, outside, abroad / from abroad, from outside.

forix : fornicis : arch, vault / arcade / an arched sallyport.

forma : appearance, model.

forma: forma, shape, beauty.

formalis : having a set or standard form, / formal.

formamentum : conformation.

formator : a former, fashioner, maker.

formatura : forming, fashioning, shaping.

formica : ant.

formidilose : dreadfully, teribly.

formidilosus : causing dread, fear, terror.

formido : formidonis : dread, terror / dreadfulness / scarecrow.

formido : fear, dread.

formido : to be terrified, frightened, afraid.

formidolosus : fearful.

formo : to fashion.

formo : to shape, form, fashion.

formose : beautifully.

formositas : beauty.

formosus : beautiful, well-shaped.

formosus : finely formed.

formula : physical beauty / formula / rule, principle.

fornacalis : relating to an oven.

fornacula : a small oven.

fornax : fornacis : oven, furnace, kiln.

fornicatus : arched, vaulted.

foro : to bore, pierce, make a hole, penetrate.

fors fortis : chance, luck, fortune.

fors-itis : chance, luck.

forsit forsan forsitan : perhaps, probably.

fortasse : perhaps.

forte : perchance.

forte : by chance, by luck, accidentally.

fortis : strong, brave, powerful, robust, steadfast, courageous.

fortis : valiant.

fortiter : strongly, bravely.

fortiter : valiantly.

fortitudo : physical strength, courage, moral bravery.

fortitudo : courage.

fortuito : (used as adverb) accidentally, by chance.

fortuitus : accidental, by chance, fortuitous.

fortuitus : accidentally, by luck, casual.

fortuna : condition.

fortuna : fortune, luck, fate, chance.

fortunate : fortunately, happily.

fortunatus : fortunate, lucky, happy.

fortunatus : fortunate, lucky /wealthy, rich.

fortuno : to make happy, to bless, to prosper.

foruli : book-case.

forum : market place, town square.

forus : gangway of a ship.

fossa : ditch, trench, channel, moat.

fossio : fossionis : an excavation.

fossor : a digger, ditcher, sapper / fool, boor, clown.

fossura : digging, delving, sapping, ditching.

fovea : a pit, trap for game, pitfall.

foveo : to cherish, encourage, enfold.

foveo : fovi : fotum : to foster, support, encourage.

foveo : fovi fotum : to cherish / to warm, keep warm, caress.

fraga : fragorum : strawberries.

fragilis : fragile, easily broken / fleeting, transitory.

fragilis : weak, feeble.

fragilitas : frailty.

fragilitas : frailness, weakness, fragility, frailty.

fragmen : fragminis : a breaking / fragments, remains, ruins.

fragor : crashing.

fragor : a crash, crack.

fragosus : roaring, crashing, rough /broken.

fragro : to smell, be odiferous, redolent.

Franci : Franks.

Francigeni : Frankish people.

Francisca : Frankish.

frango : to break down.

frango : fracta : to break in pieces, shatter.

frater : brother.

fraudatio : fraud, deceit, trickery.

fraudulentus : deceitful.

fraus : fraud.

frendo : to gnash one’s teeth, bruise, crush, grind.

frendo : gnash the teeth, crush, bruise, grind.

freno : curb, restrain, hold back, restrain.

frenum : bridle.

frenum : reins, bridle, bit /restraint.

frequentatio : frequency, crowding.

frequenter : frequently.

frequentia : crowd.

frequentia : a large concourse, population, numerous assembly.

frequento : to crowd, visit.

frequento : to crowd, collect in large number, visit.

fretus : + abl. relying upon, depending on, banking on.

frigidus : feeble.

frigus : cold, coolness, cold of winter /dullness, indolence.

frivolus : trifling.

frons : forehead, brow, front.

fructuarius : fruitful, fertile.

fructus fructus : fruit, profit, enjoyment, produce.

frugalitas : frugality, economy, pinching pennies.

frumentum : grain.

fruor : to have the benefit of, to enjoy.

fruor : to enjoy, delight in, use.

frusto : to break to pieces.

frustra : in vain, mistakenly, wantonly, without reason.

frustra esse : to be deceived, to be mistaken.

frustro : to defraud, deprive.

frustro : frustror : to deceive, dupe, trick, disappoint.

frutex : shrub, bush.

frux : fruits of the earth, success.

frux, frugi : fruits of the earth.

fuga : flight, escape,.

fugio : to flee, escape, runa aaway /avoid, shun.

fugitivus : fugitive : deserter, runaway slave.

fugo : to put to flight, chase away, drive into exile, pursue.

fugo : to put to flight, chase.

fulcio : to support, strengthen, uphold/ to besiege, oppress.

fulcio : to strengthen.

fulgeo (fulsi ): to flash, shine, beam.

fulgidus : glittering.

fulgur : to flash.

fulgens : flashing, illustrious.

fultus : supporter.

fumidus : smoky, smoke-filled.

fumo : to smoke, steam, reek.

fundatio-onis : f, foundation.

fundator : m, founder.

funditus : totally.

funditus : utterly.

fundo : (milit.) to rout, scatter, defeat, put to flight.

fundo : to cast to the ground, pour forth.

fundo : to found, establish.

fundo : to pour, pour out (like molten metal), melt, cast.

fundus : estate.

funestus : causing calamity, deadly.

fungor : to [+ abl.] discharge, administer.

fungor, fungi, functus : to occupy oneself, perform, do, execute.

funiculus : a thin rope, cord, string.

funis -is : rope, cord, line.

funis : rope, cord, line.

furax : inclined to steal,.

furca : a fork, pitchfork /narrow pass.

furcifer : rascal.

furcillo : to act as a support.

furiae : madness.

furiosus : mad.

furibundus, raging, furious / inspired.

furibundus : inspired, raging, furious.

furo : to rage.

furor : madness, rage, frenzy.

furor : fury.

furs : thief.

furtificus : thievish.

furtim : by stealth.

furtim : by stealth, stealthily.

furtum : theft, robbery/ furta : stolen property /trick, deceit.

fusus : (from fundo) spread out, extended, wide, copious.

futurus : absurd.



galactinus : the Milky Way.

galbinus : a greenish-yellow color.

galea : helmet.

galea : [leather] helmet.

gallina : hen.

gallo : cock.

Gandavum : Ghent.

ganea ganeum : brothel.

garrio : to prate, chatter.

garrio : to chatter, babble.

garrulitas : prating, chattering, talkativeness.

garrulus : chattering, talkative, garrulous.

garrulus : noising, talkative.

garum : a fermented fish sauce.

gaudeo : to rejoice, take delight.

gaudeo : to rejoice, be joyful, take pleasure in.

gaudeo : of specification) to take delight in.

gaudium : joy, delight, happiness.

gaudium :* joy.

gauisus : rejoicing, joyous, glad, happy.

gaza : treasure.

gelamen : assembly, gathering.

gelide : coldly, weakly, feebly.

gelidus : cold, frosty, icy, freezing.

gelidus : icy.

gelo : to freeze.

gelu : frost, chill, cold.

gelus : icy coldness.

Gemblacensis : Gembloux.

gemino : to double.

geminus : twinned /double /paired /half and half.

gemitus : groan, moan.

gemma : gem.

gemo : to sigh, groan, wail.

generasco : to be produced, to be born.

generatim : by kinds, according to classes /generally, in general.

genero : to beget, engender, produce, create.

genero : to engender, beget.

generose : nobly.

generositas :* noble breed.

generosus : of noble birth, aristocratic, well-bred.

genetrix : mother.

genialis : lust-producing.

genitalis : fruitful.

genitor : sire, genitor.

genitus : sired, begotten, scion.

gens : nation, “people”.

gens : clan, race, nation, people, tribe.

gentilitas : heathenism.

genus hominum : human race.

genus : kind, sort, class, category.

genus : class, high birth, child, description.

germen : offshoot, germ.

gero : to carry, bear, wear /bear, give birth to /to carry about.

gero : to have, bear.

gero : to transact.

gerulus : messenger.

gestio : to long to.

gesto : to carry, bear about.

gestum (gero) : carriage, bearing / having borne.

gestum (gero) : carrying about, conduct (oneself).

gigno (genuit) : to bring forth, bear, beget, father.

gingiber : ginger.

glacialis : icy, frozen, full of ice.

glacies : ice.

gladius : sword.

gladius : sword.

gleba : soil.

gloria : fame, renown, glory.

glorifico : to glorify, adorn, exalt.

glorificus : glorious, full of glory.

glorior : to pride oneself, boast, glory in.

glorior : to glory, brag, boast, pride oneself.

gluten : glue.

gluto : glutton.

gluttio : to swallow, gulp down.

gnare : expertly, wisely.

gnaritas : knowledge.

gnarus : knowing, acquainted with, expert.

gnarus : skilful, wise, knowing.

gradior : to conduct one’s self, walk, live.

gramen : grass.

grandaevus : old, aged.

grandis : great.

grano, onis : hailstorm.

grassor : go about, go ahead, proceed, attack.

grassor : to rage.

gratanter : with joy.

grate : freely, willingly, happily.

gratia : gratitude, favor.

gratia : (in the abl.) on account of.

gratia agere : to thank.

gratia : in order to, for the sake of, to.

gratia : grace, esteem, obligation, thanks.

grator : to manifest joy, congratulate.

gratuita : gracious.

gratulatio : to give thanks for.

gratulor : to wish a person joy, congratulate , give thanks.

gratulor : to rejoice.

gravatus : sick, oppressed, ill.

gravida : pregnant.

gravis : heavy, weighty, serious, important /severe, grievous.

gravis : burdensome, unwholesome.

gravitas : weight, seriousness, dignity, importance.

graviter : heavily, seriously.

gravo : to oppress, burden, make suffer.

gregatim : in troops, or crowds.

gregatim : adv., in flocks, herds, troops, crowds.

gressus : pace, the ability to walk.

grex : crowd, herd, flock.

gubernaculum : helm.

gubernatio : direction, command, leadership.

gubernatio-ionis : f, direction, government.

gurges : whirlpool.

gusto : to taste.

gutter : neck, throat, gullet.



habenae : government, reins.

habeo habui habitum : to have, hold, possess /consider, regard.

habilis : suitable, fit.

habito : to have frequently /dwell, reside /take possession.

habito : to dwell, abide.

habitus : disposed, in a certain condition.

habitus – dress, habit.

habitudo : condition.

hac : this side, this way, here.

hac : (fem. sing. abl.) He who lives BY THIS (the sword)..

hactenus : hitherto, up to this point, so far.

hae he : (fem. plur. nom) THESE (speeches) were very fine.

haec hec (neut. plur. nom.) THESE (kisses) are sweeter than wine.

haec hec : (fem. sing. nom.) THIS (sword) is more expensive.

haereticum : n, heretical.

haero : to be brought to a standstill, keep at, hesitate.

hanc : (fem. sing. acc.) She wasted THIS (her youth).

harum : (fem. plur. gen.) The city wall had four OF THESE (gates).

has : (fem. plur. acc.) They gave THESE (their lives) for the Faith.

Hasnonium : Hasnon.

hasta : spear.

haud : no, not at all, by no means.

haurio : to devour.

hebes : sluggish.

hebeto : to blunt.

Heidelberg, you are the finest.

Helcim : Helchin on the left bank of the Scheldt.

Helnonensis : Elnon. Herimann, p. 279.

Heniis Harniis : Hames.

Herebus : Lower World.

hereditas : inheritance, often simply “property.”.

hesito (haesito) : to be unsure, uncertain, wavering.

heu : alas!.

heus : hark!.

hi : (masc. plur. nom.) THESE (men) are loyal to the king.

hic : (masc. nom. sing.) THIS (house) is filthy.

hic : (adv.) here.

hic haec (hec ) hoc : this, the latter /he, she, it.

hilaris : cheerful, merry, gay.

hinc : from this place, hence.

hinc hinc : on every side.

hinc inde : from different directions.

hinc : after this.

hio : to gape wide.

Hirenses, Irenses : Irish.

his : (neut. plur. dat.) Listen TO THESE (orders).

his : (neut. his : (masc. plur. dat.) Tell it TO THESE (policemen).

his : (fem. plur. abl) A life is enriched BY THESE (friendships).

his : (masc. plur. abl.) They passed BY THESE (roads).

his : (fem. plur. dat.) She gave her property TO THESE (churches).

hoc : (neut. sing. acc.) Break THIS! (fetter).

hoc : (neut. sing. nom.) THIS (monastery) is well-built.

hoc : (neut. sing. abl.) Do not hesistate BECAUSE OF THIS! (doubt).

hoc : (masc. sing. abl.) He gave plenty FOR THIS (field).

hodie : today.

hodiernus : of today.

Hoienses : huy, belgium, between liege and namur.

holocaustum : offering.

homo hominis : human being, man.

honestas : respectful treatment, respectability.

honeste : respectfully, properly, suitably, appropriately.

honesto : to embellish.

honestus : honorable, respectable /fine, beautiful /proper.

honestus : respectable, distinguished.

honor : honor, esteem, public office.

honor : official dignity or office, ornaments, esteem.

honorabilis : respectful.

honorifice : honorably, respectfully, with deference, duly.

honoro : to honor.

hora : hour, time.

hordeum, ordeum : barley.

horrendus : horrible, dreadful.

horrendus : dreadful.

horreo : to [+ ne] shudder at, be horrified at.

horresco : to begin to shake.

horror : horror.

hortor : exhort, incite, encourage.

hortor : to instigate.

hortus ortus : garden / pl. grounds, park.

horum : (masc. plur. gen.) The horses OF THESE (soldiers) are spent.

horum : (neut. plur. gen) The cattle OF THESE (monsters) were fat.

hos : (masc. plur. acc.) They burned THESE (houses) to the ground.

hospes : guest, host, stranger.

hospitium : hospitality /guest chambers, inn.

hospito : to welcome.

hostes hostium : the enemy.

hostilis : hostile or enemy, armed.

hostilitas : enmity.

hostiliter : by force of arms.

hostis : an enemy of the state.

huic : (neut sing. dat.) i’d give my right arm FOR THIS (cookie).

huic : (masc. sing. dat.) He sent FOR THIS (doctor).

huic : (fem sing. dat.) There is a statue IN THIS (abbey).

huius : (masc. fem. neut. gen. sing.) Go ahead, eat some OF THIS.

huius : (fem. sing. gen.) They are fond OF THIS (change).

huius : (neut.).

humanitas : kindness, culture, refinement.

humanitas : gentleness.

humanus : pertaining to man, humane, humane, cultured, refined.

humilio : to abase.

humilis : lowly, humble.

humilis : humble.

humilitas : humility.

humo : cover with earth, bury,.

humo : to inter.

humus : ground, earth, soil /land, country.

humus : region, earth, soil, dirt, sod.

hunc : (masc. sing. acc.) He ate THIS (fruit).

Hunnam : Bunna.

hypocrita : hypocrite.



iaceo : to lie, lie prostrate, lie dead.

iacio : to throw, cast, hurl, lay, scatter, diffuse.

iactantia : bragging, boasting.

iaculator : a thrower, javelin man, spear thrower.

iaculum : dart, javelin, short spear.

iam pridem : now for a long time.

iam : moreover, henceforth, indeed, just, further.

iam : now, by now, already/ presently, immediately, soon.

iam tandem : in the end.

iamdiu : now for a long time.

iamdudum : now for a long time.

ianitor : -oris doorkeeper, porter.

ianua : door.

ianus : arcade, covered passage.

ibi : there.

ibidem : in the same place, at the moment, in that matter.

Ico : to strike, hit, wound /strike a bargain, make a deal.

ictus : blow, wound, stabbing, thrust.

ictus : blow, bite, stroke, bolt, thrust.

ictus : stroke.

idcirco : on that account, for that reason, for that purpose.

idem eadem idem : the same.

identidem : again and again, repeatedly.

ideo : for that reason, on that account, therefore.

idoneus : proper, worthy, fitting, deserving, capable.

iecur : the liver.

ieiunitas : hunger, emptiness /meagerness, poverty.

ieiunium : fast, abstinence, hunger /leanness, thinness.

ientaculum : breakfast.

iento : to eat breakfast.

iento : to eat breakfast.

igitur : therefore, consequently, for this reason.

igitur : adv, therefore.

ignarus : ignorant, not knowing.

ignarus : unacquainted with.

ignavus : lazy, listless, inert, sluggish cowardly, a coward.

igneus : fiery, ardent, burning,.

ignis : fire.

ignominia : dishonor.

ignoro : to be ignorant of, not know /rarely: neglect, overlook.

ignoro : to be ignorant, disregard, not be recognized.

ignosco : to pardon.

ignotus : unknown, obscure, ignorant, ignoble.

ile : guts, intestines.

ilicet : it is finished /right away, immediately.

ilico : illico : on the spot, in that very place /immediately.

ilico : on the spot, immediately.

illa : (neut. plur. acc.) Deborah always won THESE (wars).

illa : (neut. plur. nom.) THOSE (arms) belong to the victor.

illa : (fem. sing. abl.) He who lives BY THAT (the sword)..

illa : (fem. sing. nom.) THAT (sword) is more expensive.

illac : over there /along that path, in that direction.

illacrimo (+ dat.) to weep over.

illae ille : (sing. gen.) She paid half OF THIS (the cost).

illae ille : (fem. plur. nom.) THOSE (women) must die!.

illaesus : unharmed.

illarum : (fem. plur. gen.) The city wall had four OF THOSE (gates).

illas : (fem. plur. acc.) They gave THOSE (their lives) for the Faith.

illata : from infero to cause, occasion, etc.

illaturos : from infero “they would cause.”.

ille illa illud : that, the former, the famous /he, she, it.

ille : (masc. nom. sing.) THAT (house) is filthy.

illecebra : allurement.

illectus : allured.

illi : (neut sing. dat.) i’d give my right arm FOR THOSE (cookies).

illi : (masc. sing. dat.) He sent FOR THAT (doctor).

illi : (masc. plur. nom.) THOSE (men) are loyal to the king.

illi : (fem sing. dat.) There is a statue IN THAT (abbey).

illiam : (fem. sing. acc.) She wasted THAT (her youth).

illic : there, at that place, therein, in that matter.

illicitus : unlawful.

illico : immediately.

illis : (plur. abl.) She earned it BY THESE (her deeds).

illis : (neut. plur. abl.) She earned it BY THESE (her deeds).

illis : (neut. plur. dat.) Listen TO THESE (orders).

illis : (masc. plur. dat.) Tell it TO THOSE (Marines).

illis : (fem. plur. abl) A life is enriched BY THESE (friendships).

illis : (masc. plur. abl.) They passed BY THOSE (roads).

illis : (fem. plur. dat.) She gave her property TO THOSE (churches).

illius : (neut. sing. gen.) She paid half OF THAT (the cost).

illius : (masc. fem. neut. gen. sing.) Go ahead, eat some OF THAT.

illius : (fem. sing. gen.) They are fond OF THAT (change).

illo : (masc. sing. abl.) He gave plenty FOR THAT (field).

illo : (neut. sing. abl.) Do not hesitate BECAUSE OF THAT! (doubt).

illorum : (neut. plur. gen) The cattle OF THESE (monsters) were fat.

illorum : (masc. plur. gen.) The horses OF THOSE (soldiers) are spent.

illos : (masc. plur. acc.) They burned THOSE (houses) to the ground.

illuc : thither, to that place, to that matter, to that person.

illud : (neut. sing. acc.) Break THOSE (fetters)!.

illud : (neut. sing. nom.) THAT (monastery) is well-built.

illudo illusi illusum : to mock, make fun of, ridicule.

illudo-si-sum : 3, to mock, to scorn.

illum : (masc. sing. acc.) He ate THAT (fruit).

illustrator : enlightener.

illustratus : renowned.

illustris : famous.

illustro : to light up, illuminate.

imago : image, likeness.

imbecillitas : indisposition.

imbellis : unwarlike.

imber : ymber : rain shower, rain storm, pelting rain.

imbibo : imbibe, drink in /think up, conceive.

imbrium : of rain.

imbuo : to soak, steep, saturate /to stain, dye /to become used to.

imbuo : to imbue.

imcomposite : adv from incompositus; also incompositione.

imitabilis : that which can be imitated,.

imitabilis : imitable.

imitor : to imitate, substitute.

immanis : monstrous.

immanitas : heinousness, savagery, frightfulness.

immaniter : dreadfully, savagely.

immarcescibilis : unfading.

immensus : vast.

immerito : adv. undeservingly, without merit, unjustifiably.

immineo : to hang over, be imminent, threaten.

immitis : rude.

immo : nay, should I say, on the contrary.

immo : by all means, by no means, on the contrary.

immodicus :immoderate, excessive, beyond measure.

immortalis : immortal.

immotus : unmoved.

immunda : unclean, impure, dirty, foul.

immundus : foul, impure.

immunis : exempt, free.

impedimentum : hindrance, impediment, obstacle, difficulty.

impedio : entangle, ensnare, obstruct, surround, hinder, prevent.

impedio : to entangle, hold fast.

impeditio : hindrance.

impeditus : entagles, hindered /embarassed, prevented, obstructed,.

impedo : to entangle, ensnare, hinder, prevent, obstruct.

impello impuli impulsum : to set in mortion, impel, urge on.

impello : to drive against, strike upon.

impello : to stimulate.

impendeo : to hang over, threaten, menace, be imminent.

impendium L expenditures, outlay, interest on a loan.

impendo : to lay out, expend, weigh out.

impendo : to expend.

impenetrabiilis : impenetrable.

impensa : expense, outlay.

imperator : commander in chief, general, emperor.

imperceptus : unperceived /unknown,.

imperiosus : imperious, dominering, powerful.

imperito : to govern.

imperium : power to command, authority, command, rule, control.

imperium : sovereignty, realm, command.

impero : to give orders, command /to rule, hold sway.

impero : to command.

imperterritus : undaunted.

impertior : to bestow.

impervius : unpassable.

impeto : to attack, head for.

impetro : to get, accomplish, effect, obtain (by asking).

impetro : to procure.

impetus : attack, onset, rapid motion/ impulse, passion, force.

impetus : attack, rush, assault /impulse, sudden passion.

impetus : vehemence.

impiger : diligent, active.

impiger : indefatigable.

impigre : diligently, actively.

impingo : to hurl against, strike.

impirius : fiery.

impius : without respect, irreverent, unpatriotic /wicked.

impius : ungodly.

implacabilis : unappeasable.

impleo : to fill up, content, satisfy.

impleo : to fill in (or up), satisfy, content, fulfil, perform.

impleo : to fill up.

impono : to place, set, stow /embark /cheat, deceive.

impono : to lay in.

importunitas : insolence, incivility.

importunus : unsuitable, unfavorable, troublesome/ inconsiderate.

importunus : unsuitable.

impraesentiarum : for the present, in present cirumstances.

imprecor : to curse.

imprimis : especially, particularly, specifically.

improbitas : depravity.

improbus : inferior, bad, wicked, persistent, perverse, bold.

improbus : outrageous, self-willed, impudent.

improvidus : improvident, negligent, thoughtless, feckless.

improviso : unexpected/ (ex improviso) suddenly.

impudens : impudent, shameless, insolent, presumptuous.

impudenter : impudently, insolently, presumptuously.

impugnatio : -ionis : attack.

impugno : to attack, assault.

impunitus : unpunished, unrestrained, safe.

imputo : to lay to a charge, enter in an account, impute to.

in praesentia : for the present.

in : (+ acc.) into, toward, against.

in : (+ abl.) in.

in excelsis : in the highest.

inaestimabilis : inestimable.

inaestimandus : invaluable.

inaestimatus : unexpected.

inanis : empty, vain, inane.

inanis : useless.

inasnum : n, foolish, insane.

incalesco : glow, kindle.

incassum : in vain.

incassum : to no purpose.

incauta : reckless.

incedo : to awake, march, go, enter into.

incedo : to move forward.

incendia : fire.

incendo : to set fire to.

incentivus : provocative.

inceptor : beginner.

inceptum : beginning, attempt, enterprise.

incertus : uncertain, doubtful, unsure, hesitant.

incessanter : incessantly.

incessus : pace, gait.

incestus : lewd.

inchoatus : unfinished, only begun.

incido : to fall in or on, fall in with /happen, occur.

incido in mentionem : to happen to mention.

incipio : to take in hand, begin, commence.

incito : to excite, spur, inspire, increase /hasten, urge on.

incito : to spur on.

inclino : to bend, incline, turn, change / fall back, waver.

inclino : to bend.

inclitus : illustrious.

includo : to shut in, enclose, establish a siege, surround.

inclutus inclitus : celebrated, famous, renowned.

incogitania : thoughtlessness.

incogitatus : thoughtless, inconsiderate / spontaneous.

incogito : to plan, arrange, contrive, think out.

incognitus : unknown, unexamined / unrecognized / unclaimed.

incoho: incohare : to begin, start upon, turn to, start.

incol : ae : resident, inhabitant of a place / foreign resident.

incola, ae : resident, inhabitant of a place / foreign resident.

incola : resident.

incolo : incolere : to inhabit, reside somewhere, dwell (in).

incolo : to reside or cultivate or inhabit.

incolumis : uninjured, safe, scatheless, unharmed.

incolumitas : safety.

incomitatus : alone, unaccompanied, without followers.

incommendatus : without a protector, without a lord.

incommode : inconveniently.

incommoditas : inconvenience, uncomfortable / disadvantage.

incommodo : (-are) to be troublesome, unpleasant, annoying.

incommodus : inconvenient, troublesome, irksome.

incommodus : disagreeable, unpleasant.

incommutabilis : unchangeable.

incomparabilis : without compare, peerless, incomparable.

incompertus : unknown.

incomposite : irregularly, in a disorderly manner.

incompositus : disorder, lack of regularity.

incomprehensibilis : impossible to catch, incomprehensible.

incomptus : unkempt, untrimmed / rude, rough.

inconcessus : forbidden, prohibited, not allowed.

inconcinnus : awkward, clumsy / without elegance / absurd, laughable.

inconcussus : firm, unshaken, stable.

inconditus : disorderly, not arranged, unplanned, confused.

incongruens : not agreeing, inconsistent, out of place.

incongruus : unsuitable.

inconsideratus : without thought, inconsiderate/ reckless, unadvised.

inconsiderate : thoughtlessly, without consideration.

inconsolabilis : inconsolable / uncurable.

inconstans : inconsistent, changeable, fickle, unreliable / faithless.

inconstanter : inconstantly, changeably, inconsistently.

inconstantia : changeability, inconsistency / faithlessness.

inconsulte : indiscreetly.

inconsultus : without asking advise, precipately / imprudent, rash.

inconsultus : inconsiderate, without advice.

inconsumptus : unconsumed, undiminished, not depleted.

incontaminatus : pure, unadulterated, unpolluted.

incontentus : unstretched, not extended, unstrained / untuned.

incontinencia : lack of restraint, incontinence.

incontinens : incontinent.

inconveniens : not suiting / dissimilar.

inconvulsus : unshattered, undestroyed.

incoquo : incoxo : incoctum : (-ere) to dye.

incorrectus : unimproved, uncorrected, not emended.

incorruptus : uncorrupted, genuine, pure, untainted.

increbresco : (-ere) to grow strong, prevail, increase, wax.

incredibilis : incredible, unbelievable.

incredulus : incredulous.

incrementum : growth, increase / offspring.

incrementum : augmentation,increment.

incrementabiliter : increasingly.

increpito : (-are) to call out to, to rebuke.

increpo : (of persons) to chide, rebuke.

increpo : to rebuke.

incresco : (-ere) to grow in, or upon.

incruentatus : incruentus : bloodless.

incruente : without bloodshed.

incubo : to hang over, lie heavily upon / dwell in / watch over.

incubo : to brood over, lie in a place, attach oneself to.

inculco : to crowd in, press in, trample in / impress upon.

inculpatus : innocent, without blame, guiltless.

inculta : waste, desert.

incultus : untilled, uncultivated / unpolished, rude, rough.

incultus : untidy, neglected.

incultus : neglect, lack of cultivation.

incultus : untilled, uncultivated.

incumbo : to lie or lean upon, lean over, overhang.

incumbo : to apply oneself, concentrate / favor, further, promote.

incumbo : to depend on/ devote oneself to.

incunabula : swddling clothes / infancy, birthplace / source, origin.

incunctanter : unhesitatingly.

incuratus : unhealed, uncured, untended.

incuria : carelessness, neglect.

incuriose : negligently, carelessly.

incuriosus : neglect, careless, negligent.

incurro : to run into, assail, attack, raid into, come upon.

incurro : to [+ acc] incur.

incursio : clash, collision / attack, raid, foray, invasion.

incursio : attack, assault.

incurso : to collide with, strike against / attack.

incursus : an attack, assault / efforts, impulses.

incursus : an attack, assault.

incurvo : (-are) to bend, curve, make crooked.

incutio : to strike into.

indagatio : investigation.

inde : thence, from there, for that reason, thereafter, then.

indebitus : not owed, not due.

indemnis : innocent.

indicibilis : indescribable, inexpressible.

indicium : data, information, evidence, indication, pointer.

indicium : sign.

indico : to proclaim, make publicly known, announce, disclose.

indico : to disclose.

indico : to enjoin.

indifferens : neither good nor bad.

indifferente : indifferently.

indifferenter : indiscriminately.

indigentia : indigence, poverty, destitution.

indigeo : to require, need, stand in need of.

indignatio : indignation.

indignatio : displeasure.

indignatus : indignant.

indignus : unworthy, lacking in merit, unfit.

indignus : unbecoming.

indigus, indiguus : desirous, needful of.

indissolubilis : indestructible.

indo (past indidi) : to establish, cause, occasion.

indoles : genius, disposition, talent, tendency, metier.

indomitus : untamed, wild.

indubitanter : without doubts, confident, without hesitation.

induco : to bring, lead, conduct.

induco indux inductum : to lead in, introduce, induce, influence.

induco : cover, put on clothing, erase writing, revoke, anull.

induco : bring in, introduce, induce, persuade / decide.

induco-are : to lead.

indulgens : indulgent.

indulgeo : to pardon, forgive, excuse.

industria : diligence.

industrius : industrious, diligent, assiduous, hard-working.

indutiae : truce, armistice, suspension of hostilities.

indutus : enveloped, decked out, dressed.

indutus : attired, clad.

induviae : clothes, clothing, garb.

inedicabilis : unexplainable, inexplicable.

inedicibilis : inexpressible.

ineffabilis : unutterable.

inefficaciter : ineffectually, vainly, in vain,.

inefficax : ineffectual, unproductive, profitless /weak.

inennarabilis : indescribable.

ineo : to enter, go in /begin, commence, undertake, start.

ineo : to begin.

ineptio : to play the fool, to trifle.

inermis : defenseless, harmless, impotent, without strength.

iners : unskilled.

inexperta : untried.

inexpugnabilis : impregnable, unconquerable, not to be taken by force.

infamo : to put to shame, disgrace.

infandum : oh woe unutterable!.

infantia : infancy, babyhood.

infector : dyer.

infectum reddere : to revoke, render impossible, make voil, annull.

infectus : unworked /not done, unfinished, incomplete.

infectus : discolored, darkened, corrupted.

infecunditas : barrenness, sterility.

infecundus : barren, sterile.

infelicitas : bad luck, misfortune,.

infeliciter : unhappily.

infelix : unfruitful, barren, unproductive, infertile.

infelix : arbor infelix : the gallows.

infenso : to attack, avenge.

infensus : hostile, agressive /(arms) aimed, ready /(spirit) dangerous.

inferi : those down below, the dead.

inferne : on the lower side, below.

infero : to carry in, put or place on.

infero : (in logic) to infer, conclude.

infero : (abstract things) : bring on, occasion, cause.

infero : to otherwise bring upon, enter, be troublesome.

infero : to say or put forth, bring forth, bring out.

inferus : below, under, southern.

infervesco : to come to a boil, become hot.

infeste : in a hostile manner, belligerently.

infesto : to attack, disquiet.

infesto : to molest.

infestus : aggressive, hostile, dangerous.

inficio infeci infectum : to tinge, dye, stain, imbue.

inficio infeci infectum : to poison, taint, corrupt.

inficio : to discolor.

infideles : faithless [ones].

infidelis : unfaithful, disloyal, untrue.

infidelitas : faithlessnes, disloyalty.

infideliter : faithlessly, disloyally.

infidus : untru, disloyal.

infigo : to fix, fasten /to imprint, impress.

infindo infidi infissum : to cut into.

infinitas infinitio : eternity, infinity, endlessnes.

infinitus : unlimited, infinite, without bounds, boundless, limitless.

infirmatio : weakening /refusing /invalidating.

infirme : weakly, faintly.

infirmitas : weakness, feebkeness /instability, fickleness.

infirmitas : infirmity.

infirmo : to weaken /shake /invalidate, annull/disprove.

infirmus : not strong, weak, feeble /(sometimes) sick, ill.

infit : he, she, or it begins, begins to speak.

infitialis : negative, containing a no, rejection.

infitias ire : to deny.

infitior : to deny /deny a debt, refuse to return something.

inflammatio : setting afire /(people) inflaming /(souls) inspiring.

inflammo : to set on fire, inflame, to torch, kindle.

inflatio : inflation, flatulence.

inflatius : too pompous /on a grander scale.

inflatus : pompous, swollen, puffed up, inflated.

inflatus : blowing into, blast, inspiration.

inflecto inflexi inflectum : to bend, bow, curve.

inflecto : to warp /change, sway, affect.

infletus : unwept, unmourned, unlamented.

inflexibilis : unbending.

inflexio : a bending, swaying.

inflexus : bending, curving.

infligo inflixi inflictum : to strike, hit, knock /cause damage.

inflo : to blow.

inflo : to inflate, swell.

influo influi influxum : to flow in /to rush in, steal in.

infodio infodi infossum : to dig in, bury.

informatio : concept, idea.

informis : formless, shapeless /deformed, hideous.

informo : to instruct.

infortunatus : unfortunate, unhappy, unlucky.

infortunium : misfortune, bad luck /punishment.

infra inferius infimus : low down.

infra : (adv.) below, underneath /to the south, in the underworld.

infra : (+ acc.) below, under /(time) later than.

infractio : a breaking /infractio aninimi dejection.

infractus : broken, weakened, impaired.

infragilis : unbreakable, strong.

infremo : to growl.

infrenatus : without a bridle.

infrendeo : to gnash the teetch.

infrenis : infrenus : unbridled.

infrenis : unbridled.

infreno : to bridle, check, restrain, break in.

infrequens : scanty, thin, uncrowded /infrequent /thinly populated.

infrequentia : scantiness, emptiness, loneliness.

infringo : infregi : infractum : to beak, weaken, impari, discourage.

infructuosus : unproduction, infertile, unfruitful.

infrunitus : silly.

infucatus : colored.

infula : headband (worn by a priest), insignia.

infula : insignia of office, headband, fillet.

infulatus : crowned with an episcopal mitre.

infundo infudi infusum : to pour in or over /(+ dat.) administer.

infusco : to make dark, blacken.

infusio : wetting, dousing, drenching.

ingemino : to redouble, repeat /be redoubled, increase.

ingemisco : to groan, sigh over.

ingemisco : to groan.

ingemo : (+ dat.) to groan, sigh over.

ingenero : to plant, implant, generate.

ingeniose : cleverly.

ingeniosus : able, talented /neturally fit, adapted.

ingenium : innate character, talent, nature.

ingens : of immoderate size, vast, huge, monstrous, remarkable.

ingens : prodigious.

ingenuitas : free birth, noble-mindedness, frankness, openness.

ingenuus : free-born, noble-minded, upright, honorable.

ingero : to go off to, betake oneself to, pour forth, inflict.

inglorius : without fame, unddistinguished, inglorious.

ingluvies : (of an animal) crop, maw.

ingrate ingratiis ingratis : unwillingly, ungratefully.

ingratus : ungrateful, unpleasant, disagreeable.

ingravesco : to become: heavy, a burden, weary, pregnant.

ingravo : to weight down, aggravate, afflict.

ingredior ingredi ingressus : to step in, enter, go in, walk.

ingredior : to enter upon, begin on /(with inf.) to begin to.

ingredior vi ventorum : to proceed on the winds.

ingressio : an entering /beginning.

ingressus : entering, going in /inroad, movement/assault.

ingruenter : violently.

ingruo : to fall upon, assail, attack, assault.

ingruo : to fall violently upon, assail, assault.

inguen : the groin.

ingurgito : to glut oneself, gorge.

ingustatus : untasted.

inhabilis : unmanageable, ill-fit, poorly adapted, unsuiited.

inhabitabilis : uninhabitable, unfit for man or beast.

inhabito : to inhabit.

inhaeresco inheresco : to adhere to, begin to cling to.

inhaero inhero : to stick in, cling to, cleave to.

inhaero : to adhere.

inhalo : to breathe upon.

inhibeo : to hold in, check, restrian /back water /practice.

inhibeo : use, employ.

inhio : to gape /yearn for, desire, want, covet.

inhio : to [+ dat] attend closely to/ [+ ad, pro] desire.

inhoneste : dishonorably.

inhonesto : to disgrace, dishonor.

inhonestus : degraded, dishonored /dishonorable, shameful /ugly.

inhonoratus : unrewarded, not honored.

inhonorus : dishonored.

inhorreo : to bristle.

inhorresco : to begin to bristle, shudder, quiver, shake.

inhospitalis : inhospitable.

inhospitalitas : lack of hospitality.

inhospitus : inhospitable.

inhumane : inhumanly.

inhumanitas : curelty, inhumanity/ incivility, discourtesy/ stinginess.

inhumaniter : discourteously.

inhumanus : cruel, savage, barbarous, inhuman, uncivil, uncivilized.

inhumatus : unburied.

inibi : therein, in that place /(time) near at hand.

inicio inieci iniectum : to throw on, put on, don /inspire.

inimicus : personal enemy, foe, opponent.

inique : unfairly.

iniquitas : injustice, iniquity, unfairness.

iniquus : unequal, unjust, unfair.

initium : beginning, start, commencement, origin.

iniuria : injury, damage, hurt /injustice, wrong.

iniustus : unjust, inequitable, unfair.

injurius : wrongful, acting unlawfully.

injustus : wrongful.

innocens : blameless.

innocuus : innocent.

innotesco : to become know, noted.

innotesco : to become known.

innumerus : countless.

innuo : to give a nod to, give a sign to.

innuo : innui : innutum : to hint at, suggest, mean.

inobedio-ire : disobident, disloyal.

inolesco : to grow in or on.

inopia : scarcity, poverty.

inopinatus : unexpected.

inopportunitas : inconvenience, unseemly event.

inopportunus : unfitting, inopportune.

inops : poor, helpless, in need, needy, wthout resources.

inops : destitute, impoverished, indigent, powerless.

inquam : I say.

inquinamentum : filth.

inquiro : to ask, examine, search for.

inquis : you say.

inquisitor : [med] juror, member of an inquest, trustee.

inquit : he, she, it says.

inreto : irreto : ensnared, entrapped, entangled.

inrideo : to laugh at, mock, ridicule.

inritus irritus : void, invalid, in vain, useless, ineffectual.

inruo : irruo : to rush in, fling in.

insania : insanity, irrationality, madness, folly.

insanio : rage.

insanum : foolish.

insciens : unknowing, unaware, ignorant.

inscribo : inscribe, entitle, enlist.

insensatus : irrational.

insequor : to follow, pursue, assail, reproach, rebuke, attack.

inservio : to be a slave, serve, be devoted to.

insideo : sit upon something, be firmly placed.

insidiae : (plural) treachery, ambushes, plots, conspiracies.

insidiae : snares.

insidiator : one who lies in wait.

insidior : to [+ dat] lie in wait for, plot against.

insignio : to put a mark upon, adorn, distinguish.

insignis : distinguished.

insigniter : to be built on/ distinction/distinguished,.


insigne : badge.

insigno : to engrave.

insinuo : to insinuate, work one’s way in, intimate.

insisto : to enter upon [a journey] tread; (with d.) follow.

insisto : to [+ dat] persist in, urge.

insolesco : to grow haughty.

insolita : unaccustomed, unusual.

insolitus : unaccustomed /unusual, strange, uncommon.

insolubilis : indissoluble.

insons insontis : guiltless, innocent.

insperate : unexpectedly.

insperatus : unexpected, unlooked for, unanticipated.

inspicio : to consider, perceive.

inspiro : to inspire.

insquequo : until.

instabilitas : constant motion, restlessness.

instanter : urgently.

instar : a form, figure, after the fashion of, like.

instigatus : incited.

instigo : to goad, incite, stimulate, urge.

instituo : to establish, found, institute.

instituo-ui-utum : 3, put in place, begin.

instituta apostolica : canon law.

institutio : custom, institution, tradition.

insto : to pursue eagerly, devote oneself to.

insto : to be earnestly engaged in, draw nigh.

instructus (from instruo) : equipped, trained, supplied.

instructus : trained, taught.

instructus : versed in.

instruo : to built in, set up, construct, furnish /train.

instruo : prepare, provide /draw up an order of battle.

instruo : to draw up.

insuadibilis : adamant, immovable, not to be persuaded.

insudo : (with ablative) exert oneself in, busy oneself with.

Insula : Lille.

insula : island.

insulto : to leap at or on /revile, insult, deride, heap scorn upon.

insultus : attack, assault.

insum : [inesse, infuit] to be in or on, contained in, within.

insumo : get one’s wish, obtain one’s desire.

insumptuosus : inexpensive, cheap, economical.

insuper : as mentioned above.

insurgo insurgi insurrectum : to rise up, rebel, revolt.

insurgo : to rise up/ [+ remis] ply one’s oars.

integer : whole, untouched, unhurt, undamaged /complete, entire.

integer : irreproachable, chaste.

integritas : integrity.

intellectus : meaning, understanding.

intellego intellexi intellectum : to understand, comprehend, see.

intempestivus: intelligendo : f.p.p., understanding, being understood.

intemporaliter : eternally, without end.

intemptesta nox : dead of night.

intendo : to stretch, strain, try to prove.

intendo : to extend, aim, direct, direct one’s course, aim at.

intenta : earnestness, seriousness.

intentio : effort, exertion, attention, intent / attack, accusation.

intentio : intention, plan, aim, design, purpose.

intentor : informant.

intentus : thorough, tense, anxious, strict.

inter canem et lupum : at twilight.

inter : approximately, about, around, roughly.

inter : (+ acc.) between, among.

intercapedo : interval, space.

intercipio intercepi interceptum : to intercept.

interdico : to place an interdict.

interdico : to forbid, prohibit, outlaw, gain an injunction.

interdico : to forbid.

interdum : sometimes, now and then, at times.

intereo : to perish, die.

intereo : to perish, die, go to ruin, decay.

intereo : to to be undone, take part in.

interfectio-onis : f, a killing.

interficio interfeci interfectum : to kill, murder, slay.

interfixus : paved, made firm.

interimo : to slay, kill, slaughter.

interitus : ruin, destruction.

internecio : destruction.

internuntius : go-between.

internus : deep, inward.

interpellatio : to appeal, suit.

interpolatio : interval.

interpono : to place between, interpose /intervene.

interpretor : to explain.

interrogatio : interrogation, inquiry.

interrogo : to inquire.

intertio : arrest, seize, take into custody.

interventus : mediation.

intervigilium : a nap, a doze, forty winks.

intestinus : internal, inner.

intextus : embroidered.

intimo : to announce.

intolerabiliter : unsupportably.

intoneo : to resound.

intorqueo : twist, distort.

intrepidus : eager, hot-blooded.

intrepidus : unshaken, undaunted.

intrico : to entangle.

intro : to walk into, enter, make one’s way into.

introduco : to lead in, introduce.

intueor : to look at attentively, gaze at, consider.

intueor : to admire, contemplate, observe, look upon.

intuitus : contemplation.

intumesco : to swell up, increase, swell with anger.

intumesco : to swell, puff up.

intus : within.

inultus : unavenged, unpunished.

inundantia : flood, overflowing, inundation.

invado : to assail, usurp, seize, attack, fall upon.

invado : to undertake, go in, enter, get in.

invado : to attack, usurp.

invalesco : to gather strength, become stronger.

invectio : invective, scolding.

invective : scoldingly.

invenio : to come upon, find, discover.

inventor : contriver, inventor, discoverer.

investigo : to track down, investigate.

inveteratus : hardened by age, of long-standing.

invetero : to give duration, to render old.

invicem : one after the other, by turns, mutually, each other.

invicem : reciprocally.

invictus : unconquer, unconquerable, undefeated.

invideo : to envy, be jealous of, look upon with envy.

invideo : to envy, refuse.

invidia : envy, jealousy, hatred /censure.

invidus : envious.

inviso : to go to see, visit, inspect, look at.

invisus : hated, hateful.

invito : to invite, summon.

invitus : unwilling, against one’s will.

invocatio : invocation, an invoking.

involvo : to wrap.

ioco iocor : to joke, jest, make merry.

iocus : joke, jest, jape, gag.

ipse ipsa ipsum : himself, herself, itself.

ipsemet : his own very self.

ira : anger, wrath.

irascor : iratus : to be angry, to be wrathful.

iratus : angry, wrathful.

ironice : ironically.

irradio : to beam forth.

irrepo : to insinuate oneself, steal in.

irretitus : caught in a net, trapped.

irreverens : disrespectful.

irrisorie : ironically, with a smile.

irrito : to irritate, exasperate, excite.

irritum : nothingness, worthlessness, vanity.

irritus : vain, useless, ineffectual, of not effect.

irritus : undecided, void, unfixed, of no effect.

irrumpo : to burst upon.

irruo : to rush into, rush upon, attack.

irruo : inruo : to rush upon, make an attack upon.

is ea id : this, that /he, she, it.

iste ista istud : that /sometimes pejorative.

ita ut : (with subj.) in such a way that,.

ita : so, thus.

ita : (in narration) and so; (with adj. or adv.) so, so very.

itaque : (adv.) and, so, therefore.

item : adv, likewise, moreover.

iter itineris : road, route, journey.

itero : to repeat, say again, iterate.

iterum : again, a second time, once more.

iubeo iussi iussum : to order, command /tell someone to do.

iubeo : to order, bid.

iucunditas : pleasure, charm.

iucundus : agreeable, pleasant, gratifying.

iudex : judge, juror.

iudicium : judgment, decision, opinion, trial.

iudico : to judge, consider.

iugis iuge : perpetual, continuous.

iugo : to bind together, connect, couple.

iugosus : mountainous.

iugulum iugulus : the throat.

iugum : yoke /a team of oxen, a pair /bond, union /slavery.

iugum : crossbar, beam of scales /crest, ridge.

iuguolo : to cut the throat, butcher, kill, destroy.

iumentum : beast of burden.

iunceus : made of rushes.

iunctio : connection, joining.

iunctura : a joining, joint /rekationship, combination.

iunctus : -a,-um united, connected, joined together.

iuncus : the rush.

iungo iunxi iunctum : to join, unite, cinnect /yoke, harness /to mate.

iuniperus : the juniper tree.

iuratus : under oath.

iureiuro : to swear an oath.

iurgium : quarrel, altercation, brawl.

iurgo ; to quarrel, brawl /scold.

iurisdictio : administration of justice, extent of competence.

iuro : to swear, to make an oath.

ius iuris : justice, law, right /broth, soup.

ius iurandum iuris iurandi etc. : oath.

iussu : (abl.) at the command of, by order of.

iusta : due forms /funereal rites.

iuste : fairly, justly, rightly.

iustitia : justice, fairness, equity.

iustum : what is right.

iustus : just, right, equitable, fair, lawful, proper.

iuvenalis iuvenilis : youthful.

iuvenesco : to reach the prime of life.

iuventus : youth (between 20 and 45).

iuvo : to help, aid, assist /to please, delight, gratify.

iuxta : just short of.

iuxta : close by, near/ in like manner, equally.

iuxta : (+ acc.) close to, near to/ (time) just before.

iuxtim : equally.

ivi : past tense of eo.



jaceo-ere-ui : to stand (that which is stated).

jacio : to cast.

jactantia : ostentation, bragging.

jactito : boast.

jaculum : dart, javelin.

jaculum : dart, javelin.

jaculum : dart.

jubilo : to shout.

jubilus : shout of joy.

jucundus : pleasant, delightful .

judicium : trial, legal investigation, judgement, decision.

judico : to condemn, judge, try.

judico : to pass judgment.

juge : always.

jugis : continual, ceaseless, perennial, constant.

jugis : continual, perpetual.

jugiter : continually, perpetually, constantly / instantly.

jugiter : perpetually, continually.

jugulo : to slaughter.

jugum : ridge, rising.

jumentum : draft animal.

juramentum : oath, act of oath-taking.

jurgium : strife, contention/ to cause strife, brawl.

jus : right, law.

jussio : order.

justicia : equity, justice.

justifico : to forgive.

justus : equitable.

juvenis : young man, youth.

juventus : the age of youth (20-40 years).

juxta : adv, in a like manner, likewise.



labasco : to give way, totter.

labecula : a slight stain, minor disgrace.

labefacio labefeci labefactum : to shake, loesen /impair.

labefacto : to weaken, disturb /shake violently.

labellum : a little lip /a small washing vessel.

labes labis : stain, blemish, disgrace, infamy /misfortune.

labia labium :lip (labiae : lips).

labilis : transient, fleeting, slippery.

labiosus : having large lips.

labo : to totter, sink, begin to fall.

labo : to totter.

labor lapsus : to slip, glide, slide.

labor laboris : labor, work, toil.

labor : hardip, fatigue, distress.

labor : hardship, exertion.

labor : to sink, slip away.

labores solis : eclipse of the sun.

laboriose : laboriously, with great effort.

laboriosus : toilsome, laborious /(persons) industrious, toiling.

laboro : (intrans.) to work, toil, suffer, be afflicted, be troubled.

labrum : lip, edge, rim /bathing tub.

labrusca : wild grape vine.

labruscum : the wild grape.

lac lactis : milk.

lacer : torn, mangled, cut to pieces.

lacer : mangled.

laceratio : a tearing, mangling.

laceratus : torn to pieces, mutilated.

lacero : to tear to pieces, mangle /squander money /slander someone.

lacerta : lizard.

lacertosus : muscular, powerful.

lacertus : the upper arm /strength.

lacesso : to harass, attack.

lacesso : lacesco : to challenge, shake.

lacrima Heliandum : amber.

lacrima : tears /exudations from some plants.

lacrimabilis : lamentable, deplorable, woeful.

lacrimo : to weep, shed tears /exude, drip.

lacrimosus : tearful, mournful, shedding tears,.

lactans : giving milk.

lactatio : enticement, come-on.

lacteus : milky, of milk, milk-white.

lacto : to allure, entice, wheedle.

lactuca : lettuce.

lacuna : missing letters, words, or phrases in a manuscript.

lacuna : a hole, empty space /pond, pool /deficiency, loss.

lacunar : panelled ceiling.

lacus : a hollow /lake, pool, pond, troough, tank, tub.

laedo ledo : strike, hit, hurt, damage, offend, annoy, violate.

laesio lesio : rhetorical attack /wounding.

laetabilis letabilis : joyous, glad.

laetans : rejoicing, joyous.

laetatio : letatio : rejoicing, joy.

laetifico : letifico : to fertilize /cheer, gladden, delight.

laetifico : to rejoice.

laetificus : letificus : gladdening, joyous, spreading happiness.

laetitia letitia leticia : fertility /richness, grace /joy, delight.

laetitia : joy, gladness, delight.

laeto leto : to cheer, gladden, make joyful.

laetor letor : to rejoice, be joyful.

laetor : to be delighted.

laetus : glad delighted.

laeve leve : left-handedly, awkwardly.

laevus levus : foolish, silly /unlucky, unpropitious.

laevus levus : the left hand, left side, left-handed.

laganum : a cake.

lama : bog, slough.

lambo : to lick /(of rivers) to wash.

lambo : to lap.

lamenta (neut. pl) : weeping, wailing.

lamentabilis : lamentable, mournful.

lamentatio : weeping, wailing, lamenting.

lamentor : to weep, wail, lament /(trans.) to bewail.

lamia : witch, vampire.

lamnia lammina lamna : sheet of metal, coin, knife blade, nutshell.

lampas : torch.

lancea : lances.

laneus : woolen.

laniatus : a tearing, ripping, mangling, mutilating.

lanio : to mangle.

lanx : scale.

lanx : dish, platter, plate.

lapsus : fall, fault, error, sliding, gradual movement.

laqueum : noose, halter, snare, trap.

laqueus : snare, trap, noose.

largiflue : bountifully.

largifluus : bountiful.

largior : to give bountifully, shower (with gifts).

largior : to lavish, bestow, grant, give abundantly.

largissimum : bounty.

largitas : bounty, liberality.

largitio : bounty.

largus : bountiful.

lascivio : to run riot, play, be wanton.

lasesco : to become tired, grow weary.

late : broadly, widely, extensively.

latebra : covert, hidden recess .

latenter : secretly, in a concealed manner.

later : brick.

latere : to lurk, lie hidden.

latet : to be unknown.

latex : liquid.

latibulum : lurking-hole.

latito : to lie hidden, be concealed.

latito : to keep out of the way, be concealed.

latitudo : breadth.

latrator : a barker (such as a dog).

latratus : barking.

latro : bandit.

latro : (-are) to bark, bay / rant /runble, roar.

latro : (-onis) hunter.

latro : (-onis) hired servant / mercenary soldier.

latro : robber, bandit, brigand.

latrocinium : mercenary service / highway robbery.

latrocinium : villainy / a gang of.

latrocinor : (dep) serve as a mercenary / to rob, steal.

latrocinor : to rob on the highway.

latrunculus : highwayman, robber, brigand, bandit / mercenary soldier.

latus : broad.

latus : broad, wide, extensive.

latus -eris : sides, flank / lungs /.

laudabilis : praiseworthy, laudable.

laudabiliter : (adv) in a laudable fashion.

laudatio : praise, commendation.

laudator : praiser.

laudo : to praise, extoll, commend /name, mention, cite, quote.

Laudunum : Laon.

laureatus : crowned with laurel, laureate.

laureola : a laurel branch, crown of laurel.

laureola : victory, triumph, success.

laurifer : carrying laurel, crowned with laurel.

laurifer : triumphant, victorious.

laurus : the laurel, bay tree / triumph, victory, success.

laus : praise, glory, fame.

lautitia : splendor, elegance.

lautumiae : lautomiae : (-arum) stone quarry.

lautus : washed, bathed, cleaned / fine, elegant, refined.

lauvabrum : a bath.

lavacrum : bath.

lavatio : washing, bathing.

lavo : to wash, bathe/ moisten, get wet / wash away.

lavo : to bathe.

laxamentum : a widening, expansion / rest, respite.

laxe : widely.

laxe : widely, loosely / unrestrained.

laxitas : wideness, expansiveness, roominess.

laxo : to relieve / release, set free, liberate / yield up.

laxo : sell formally, give up, loosen.

laxo : widen, extend, enlarge / undo, relax.

laxus : wide, spacious /later, postponed / lax, loose, relaxed.

lea : leana : lioness.

lebes : copper kettle, basin, cauldron.

lectica : litter, bier.

lectio : selection, picking out / reading, perusal.

lector : reader.

lectulus : a small bed, cot.

lectus : bed, couch.

legatarius : legatee.

legatio : embassy.

legatio : office of legate / office of ambassador, embassy commander.

legatus : ambassador, messenger.

legatus : deputy, ambassador, envoy / commander of a legion.

legens : (-entis) a reader.

legifer : lawgiving.

legio : a selection / chosen body / legion.

legio : legion.

legitiums : lawful, licit, right, proper, legitimate.

lego : to gather, choose, collect, pass through, read.

lego : appoint, select.

lego vela : to furl sails.

legumen : a bean, pea, legume.

lemiscus : a ribbon.

lemma : theme, title, epigram.

lemures : (pl. only) ghosts, phantoms.

lenimentus : alleviation, impreovement, mitigation.

lenio : to mitigate, relieve, make better.

lenis : smooth /gentle, kind, mild.

lenis : gentle.

lenitas : mildness.

lenitas lenitudo : smoothness, gentleness, mildness.

leniter : gently.

leno : procurer, go-between.

lenocinium : enticement, allurement.

lenocinor : to pander, flatter, make up to /to promote, advance.

lens : lentis : lentil.

lente : slowly, calmly, cooly, deliberately.

lentesco : to become soft, flexible, sticky /to weaken, slacken.

lentitudo : slowness, sluggishness / apathy.

lento : to bend.

lentulus : rather slow, a little slow.

lentus : lethargic, inactive /slow, lingering.

lentus : tough, resistant, tenacious /supple, pliant /.

leo : lion.

Leodie : Liege.

Leodium : Liege.

lepide : charminly, wittily, elegantly, pleasantly.

lepidus : charming, witty, pleasant, elegant.

lepor lepos : charm, wit, elegance.

lepor : to charm.

lepus : hare, rabbit.

Lesciense, monastery of : Liessies.

letalis : mortal, deadly, fatal.

letaliter : mortally, fatally.

letanie : litany.

lethargus : drowsiness, apathy, sleepiness, coma.

letifer : deadly, mortal.

letifer : death-dealing.

leto : to kill, slay.

letum : death, ruin, annihilation.

levamen : alleviation, mitigation, solace, refreshment.

levamentum : comfort, easing, alleviation, consolation.

levatio : alleviation, mitigation, solace.

leviculus : empty-headed, vain, silly.

levidensis : thin, slight, poor.

levis : [+ gen] unreliable.

levis : light, slight, trivial /beardless, bald /light-armed.

levis : rapid, swift /unimpotant /fickle, inconstant /unstable.

levitas : lightness, levity /fickleness, inconstancy /groundlesness.

leviter : lightly, softly, slightly.

levo : to raise, lift up /relieve, ease /diminish, weaken, impair.

levo : to smooth, polish.

lex legis : law, statute /covenant, agreement.

lex : law.

libatio : libation.

libellus : little book.

libens : with good will.

libenter : willingly, with pleasure.

liber libri : book.

liber : child, offspring.

liber libera, liberum : free, independent, unrestricted.

liberalis : courteous, generous, gentlemanly.

liberaliter : courteously, generously, honorably.

liberatio : release, liberation, aquittal, setting free.

libere : freely, openly, frankly.

libero : to lift (an obstacle), raise.

libero : to set free, deliver, liberate, release /exempt.

libertas : freedom, liberty, independence / frankness, candor.

libet : to be pleasing, agreeable.

libido : whim, caprice, violent desire, passionate longing.

libra : scales.

libramen : poise, balance.

libro : to launch, ponder.

licens : unimpeded, free, unrestrained, unchecked.

licentia : license, leave, authorization /freedom, liberty /licentiousness.

licentio :to authorize, permit, dismiss.

liceo : to be valued at, be for sale.

liceor : to offer a price, to offer to buy, bid, proffer, tender.

licet : granted that, although / it is allowed, one may or can.

licet : imper v., it is right, just.

licet : (as conj.) granted that, although.

licito : to sell.

licitus : permitted, allowed.

ligamen : string, thread.

ligatio : imprisonment, bondage, captivity, servitude.

lignarius : carpenter.

lignator : wood-cutter.

ligo : to bind, tie.

lima : file, polishing, revision.

limbus : band, girdle.

limen : limina : threshold.

limes : border, frontier.

limito : bound.

limus : mud.

lingua : language, tongue, speech.

linio : to besmear.

lino : to smear, befoul, dirty.

linquo : to forsake.

linteum : linnen, napkin.

liquidus : fluid, flowing, liquid / clear, evident, certain.

liquidus : limpid, liquid.

liquor : fluid.

litigo : to [+ contra] dispute.

litigatio : dispute.

litigiosus : contentious.

litigo : to quarrel, dispute.

litis : dispute, contention, fight, battle, fracas.

lito : to propitiate.

littera : letter (of the alphabet).

litterae : (pl.) letter, epistle, missive, note /literature.

livor : black and blue mark, malice, chastisement/punishment, bruises.

loci : (pl.) passages in literary works.

loco : to place, put, position.

loco : to assign, allot, grant, hire.

locuples : opulent.

locupletatus : enriched, endowed.

locupleto : to enrich, make wealthy.

locus : place, location, situation, spot. [monastery].

loginquitas : distance, remoteness, isolation.

longaminus : patient.

longe : far.

longe lateque : far and wide.

longinquus : remote, prolonged.

longitudo : length.

longus : long.

loquacitas : eloquence.

loquax : loquacis : talkative, loquacious, garrulous.

loquor : locutus : to say, speak, tell, declare.

lorica : hauberk [a coat of chain mail], a knight’s service.

lorica : leather cuirass.

loricatus : wearing armor, armored.

lorum : thong.

lubricus : oily, slippery, slick.

lucerna : lamp.

lucidus : -a-um, shining, bright, clear.

lucinaria : lamp.

lucror : to gain, profit, win.

lucrosus : profitable, gainful.

lucrum : gain, profit.

luctisonus : sad-sounding, mournful, baleful.

luctuosa : feeling sorrowful.

luctus : lamentation, mourning, grief.

luculenta : splendid.

lucus : thicket.

ludicer : playful, means arbitrary, capricious.

ludicrum : game.

ludio : ludius : actor, player.

ludo : lusi l: usum : to play, sport /imitate, banter /delude, deceive.

ludus : game, sport, school.

lues : plague, pestilence, calamity.

lugeo : to mourn, be in mourning, grieve/(tans,) to lament, bewail.

lugo : mourn.

lugubris : mournful.

lumen : light, lamp, lantern /light of day.

lumen : the eye /clearness /understanding.

luminare : luminaris : window shutter.

luminarium : light, lamp.

luminosus : bright.

luna : moon.

lunatus : crescent-shaped.

luo : to undergo.

lupus : wolf.

lustro : to survey, encircle.

Lutosensis : Leuze.

lutosus : miry.

lux lucis : light.

luxuria : luxury, extravagance, opulence.

luxus : debauchery, extravagance.



macellarius : butcher, slaughter-house.

macer : thin, lean.

macero : to soften, weaken, reduce, torment.

macies : thiness, gauntness /poverty barrenness.

macilentus : lean, thin, skinny.

macresco : to become lean, skinny, thin.

mactabilis : deadly, lethal.

macto : to magnify, glorify, honor /slay, fight, punish, afflict.

macula : stain, mark, spot/ blemish, fault, flaw.

maculo : to stain, blemish, defile, pollute.

maculosus : spotted, speckled, poluted.

madesco : to get wet.

madide : drunkenly.

madidus : wet, moist, soaked, boiled, soft, drunk, dyed, steeped.

mador maero : to grieve, sorrow.

maeror meror : mourning, grief, sorrow.

magalia : little tents.

magis : more, to a greater extent, rather, for preference.

magister : master, canon / master of a school, professor.

magister : instructor, teacher, schoolmaster.

magnificabiliter : splendidly, greatly, terrifically.

magnificentia : magnificence, splendor, eminence, magnanimity.

magnifico : to extol.

magnificus : eminent, splendid, magnificent.

magnopere magnus opere : very, very much.

magnus maior maximus : large, great, important.

magus : magical.

maiestas : majesty, dignity, greatness.

maiores : (pl.) ancestors.

major domus : “Mayor of the Palace,” chief steward.

majores natu : elders.

majores : elders.

mala : jaw.

Malbodiensis : Maubeuge.

male : peius : pessime : badly, ill, wrongly.

male : wickedly, with evil intent.

maledictio : curse, abuse.

maleficus : wicked, accursed, evil.

malefidus : faithless.

malens : preferring.

malevolens : malevolent, spiteful person.

malignitas : wickedness.

maligno : to contrive/do maliciously.

maligo : to do/contrive evil.

Malmundarium : Malmedy.

malo : to choose, prefer.

malo : mallui : malus : to choose, prefer.

malum : evil, misfortune, misdeed, crime, injury, damage.

malus peior pessimus : bad, wicked, evil.

mancipium : slave.

mancipo : to transfer, alienate, seize, catch, give up.

mancipo : mancepo : to sell formally, turn over, give into charge.

mandatum : order, decree, mandate, instruction.

mandatum : commission, charge, entrust.

mandatum : message, command.

mando : to commit, entrust, order, command.

mando : to send word, confide,.

mane : morning, early in the morning, early.

manentia : permanency.

maneo : to remain, stay, stay the night, last, endure, abide by.

manifesto : to make public.

manipulus : maniple.

mano : to flow.

mansuesco : to grow mild.

mansuetudo : mildness.

mansuetus : mild, soft, gentle.

mansurus : that which will endure, abide.

manus manus : hand, band, handwriting.

mara : marl [an earth rich in CaC, added to lime-deficient soils].

Marceniense : Marchiennes,.

Marcieniensis : Marchiennes.

mare maris : sea.

maritus : husband.

marmoreus : like marble.

maro : to apply marl to the soil.

martyr-yris : martyr.

martyrium : n, martyrdom.

mater matris : mother.

matera, mairia : ?vat, for the fermentation of beer.

materia : material, substance, matter.

matertera : maternal aunt.

matrimonium : marriage.

maxime : especially, particularly, principally.

maxime : greatly, exceedingly, to the highest degree, very.

me : (abl.) me /you’ll do fine with ME, baby.

me : (acc.) me /that old black magic has ME in its spell.

medicor : to heal, cure.

medicus : doctor, physician.

medie : moderately.

mediocris : ordinary, average, fair, moderate, mediocre.

meditatio : practice, preparation, getting ready.

meditatio : consideration, pondering.

meditor : meditatus : to reflect upon, consider, ponder /practice.

medium : everyday life, the common good, the public eye.

medius : middle, the middle of, central, midst.

mei : my, mine /MY heart belongs to daddy. that old gang of MINE.

mel mellis : honey.

melior : better.

mellitus : honeyed, sweet as honey.

membrana : thin skin, film, parchment, membrane, prepared skin.

memini meminisse : to remember.

memor : mindful, remembering, grateful, thoughful, prudent.

memoratus : mentioned.

memoria : memory, remembrance, recall, recollection.

Menapiorum :

mendiosus : full of mistakes, shot with errors.

mendosus : faulty, full of faults.

mendum menda : fault, blemish, mistake, error.

mens mentis : mind, thought, intention, intellect.

mensa : table.

mensis mensis : month.

merces mercedis : pay, reward, recompense, compensation.

mereo mereor : deserve, earn, be entitled to, merit.

mereo : deserve, gain, obtain, serve as a soldier.

meretrix meretricis : prostitute, whore, harlot.

meridianus : midday, afternoon, south.

messis : the harvest, in-bringing, crop.

messor : reaper, harvester.

mestitia : misfortune?.

Metim : Metz.

metuo : to fear, dread, be frightened.

metus : fear, dread, anxiety.

meus : my.

mica : crumb, morsel, grain /small loaf.

micans : twinkling, sparkling, shining, gleaming, flashing, glowing.

michina : nostril.

mico : glitter, gleam, shine, sparkle, flash, be bright.

mico : to serve /quiver, shake, palpitate.

migrus, small, puny.

mihi : (dat.) me /give ME land, lots of land.

miles militis : soldier, warrior, knight.

milia : (pl.) thousands.

militaris -e : of a soldier, military, martial.

militus : ground, milled (of grain).

mille : a thousand.

millies milies : a thousand times.

minae : battlements, parapets /threats, menaces.

minagium : duty of the sale of grain.

miniatus : damaged, diminished, lessened, decreased.

minime : in the least degree, very little/not at all, by no means.

minimus : least, smallest, slightest.

ministro : to serve, wait upon, provide, supply.

ministro : to attend, wait upon, assist.

minor : smaller, less, slighter.

minuo : to draw blood, let blood, to bleed (someone).

minuo minui minutum : To less, diminish, decrease, grow smaller.

minutor : miner.

miracula : miraculum : a miracle play.

miraculose : miraculously.

mire : wonderfully, mervellously, uncommonly.

mirifice : wonderfuly, marvelously, extraordinarily.

miro : to wonder.

miror : to marvel at, admire, wonder.

mirus : wonderful, astonishing, extraordinary.

misceo miscui mixtum : to mix, mingle, blend.

misellus : miserable, pathetic, wretched,.

miser : wretched, unfortunate, miserable.

miserabile : sadly, mournfully, wretchedly.

miserabilis : sad, wretched, mournful, plaintive.

miseratio : a fine, charge, tax, amercement.

misere : wretchedly, miserably.

misereo, misereor : to pity.

misericordaliter : mercifully.

misericordia : pity, mercy.

misericorditer : miserably, wretchedly, cruelly.

miseror : (+dative) to pity.

misfacio : to do wrong to, injure, hurt, harm.

missa : holy mass.

mitesco : to grow mild, ameliorate.

mitigo : to make mild or ripe, make smooth, pacify, appease.

mitis : mild, gentle /ripe, mature.

mitto : misi : missum : to send, dispatch.

moderamen : management, direction.

moderor : to guide, manage, mitigate, measure.

moderor : take with moderation, temper.

moderor : to moderate, diminish, direct, govern.

moderor : conduct, play an instrument

modeste : discreetly.

modestia : moderation.

modestus : orderly, within bounds, moderate, restrained.

modestus : moderate.

modica : moderate, within bounds, limited, undistinguished.

modicus : ordinary, undistinguished, within bounds.

modicus : scanty, meager.

modio : a grain measure, a bushel basket.

modius : peck, bushel.

modo : now, just now, only.

modo..modo : at one time .. at another.

modus : measure, bound, limit /manner, method, mode, way.

moenia : walls, fortifications of a city /ramparts /castle, fortress.

moenia : walls, walled town, city, mansion, dwelling.

moere : bemoan, moan.

moeror : grief, sorrow.

moestifer : sorrowful.

moestitia : sorrow.

Moguntium : Mainz.

moles : huge bulk, massive building, might.

moleste : take annoyance/ moleste fero I take annoyance.

moleste fere : to be vexed.

molestia : annoyalce, troublesomeness /stiffness, affectation.

molestus : troublesome, disagreeable, annoying.

molimen : an attempt.

molior : to build, erect, construct, contrive, toil, struggle.

molior : to attempt [+ inf.], struggle alone, strive.

mollio : to soften, make pliant.

mollis : soft, pliant, flexible, easily moved, gentle.

molliter : gently.

monachicus : monastic, liturgical.

monachus : monk.

monarchia : monarchy.

Monasteriense : Mnster.

monasterium : monastery, abbey, convent.

monastica : religious.

moneo : to warn, admonish, remind, advise, instruct.

monitio : admonition, warning.

monitum : admonition.

mons : montis : mountain, mount.

monstro : to show, appoint, point out, ordain, appoint, nominate.

monstro : to ordain.

monstrum : portent, omen, monster.

monstrum : portent.

Montensem : Mons.

monumentum : memorial or token of remembrance, remembrance.

mora : delay.

moratlis : mortal.

morbus : sickness, disease, illness.

mores, morium : ways, conduct, character, morals.

morior : to die, wither away, decay.

moror : to stay, remain, reside, linger.

morosus : capricious.

mors mortis : death.

morsus : a biting, bite, also, sting, pain.

mortalitas : the state of being mortal/ death, a dying.

mortifer : deadly, death-bringing.

mortifera : deadly things.

mortuus : dead, deceased, passed away, gone West, departed.

morulo : to linger.

mos : moris/ will, inclination/ custom, wont, usage, rule.

mos : manners habit, customs.

motus-us : m, motion (earth quake).

moveo moti motum : to move, arouse, affect, influence.

mox : soon, presently, then, thereupon.

mucro : a sharp point, edge, dagger point.

mucro : sword’s point, sword.

mugio : to groan, bellow, roar, low.

mugitus : bellowing.

mulceo : to soften up.

mulco : to damage.

muliebris : womanly.

mulier : woman.

multi : many, numerous /the common herd.

multicanus : harmonious.

multifariam : in many ways.

multifluus : copiously-flowing.

multigenus : varied, of many kinds.

multimodus : manifold.

multiplex : various, numerous.

multiplex: manifold, many-fold, many times / tortuous.

multiplicatus : multiplied.

multipliciter : in many ways, in various ways.

multis prosecutionibus : pursuing the matter many times.

multo : by much, by far, by a great deal, by a lot.

multo : torment, fine, distrain.

multum : much, greatly.

multus plus plurimum : much, a lot.

multus : ne multus : briefly, in brief.

multus : much, great.

mundo : to clean.

mundus : world, universe.

mundus : clean, neat, elegant.

munero/munerior : to give, present.

munia : tributes, gifts, payments.

munificator : bestower of gifts.

munifico : to present with something, “gratifier”.

munificus : munificent, generous.

munimen : fortification.

munimentum : fortification, protection, defenses.

munio : to fortify, defend, protect /build a road.

munita : fortifications.

munitio : fortifying, defense works, bridging, fortification.

munitio : rampart.

munitus : fortified.

munus : muneris : service, office, function, duty /gift.

munus : gift, present, spectacle, function, tribute, service.

murmur : roaring, murmuring.

murus : barrier, defending wall.

mus : muris : mouse.

mussito : to grumble, mutter.

mutatio : change, alteration, transformation.

mutatus : altered, changed, become different.

muto : to change, alter /exchange.

muto : punish, fine, mulct.

mutuo : to borrow, procure.

mutuus : a loan. dare mutuum : to make a loan.

mutuus : interchanged, mutually, reciprocal / reciprocity.

mutuus : reciprocal, mutual.



naevus : fault.

nam : conj, for, for example, instance.

nam : but now, on the other hand /surely, for it is certain.

nam : namque : (conj.) for /for example, for instance.

nam : but now, certainly.

nam : for.

namque : for indeed.

Namucense : Namur.

narro : to make known, say, speak, narrate.

narro : to set forth.

nascor nasci natus : to be born, spring forth.

natalis natalis : birthday.

natio : nation, people.

natio nationis : nation, race, people, breed /pagan people.

nativitas : birth.

natu : (ab,sing.) by birth.

natura : nature.

nauta : sailor.

navale : ship’s station, dockyard.

navigatio : voyage, navigation.

navigium : navigation.

naviger : ship-bearing.

navigo : to sail, navigate.

navis navis : ship, vessel, boat.

navitas : energy, get up and go.

ne : (conj.) that .. not, in order that .. not, in order not to.

ne .. quidem : not .. even.

nebulosus : misty, foggy.

nec : conj, and not.

nec tamen : and yet .. not.

nec .. nec : neither nor.

necdum (neque dum) : and not yet.

necessarius : necessary, needed, essential, necessary.

necessarius : needful, things needed.

necesse : (adj.) necessary, unavoidable, indispensable.

necessitas : need, exigency, unavoidability.

necne : or not.

necnon : and also.

neco : to kill, slay, put to death.

neco : to slay.

necto : to tie up, bind, fasten.

necto : to fasten together.

nefandus : abominable.

nefarius : execrable, impious.

nefas : wrong, sin.

neglectum : slight.

neglego : to disregard.

negligentia : carelessness.

nego : to deny, refuse a request, deny something to someone.

negotium : employment, business, task, occupation, pains.

negotium : pains, labor, task, pursuit.

nemo : no one, nobody.

nemorosa : shady.

nemorosus : wooded, covered with trees, forested.

nemus : tree, sacred grove.

neo : to spin, interweave. (to spin thread and yarn).

nepos nepotis : grandson.

nequam : worthless, good for nothing, bad.

nequam : vile.

nequaquam : by no means, not at all.

nequaquam : in no wise.

neque .. neque : neither .. nor.

neque nec : and not, nor.

nequeo : not to be able, to be impossible.

nequeo : not to be able.

nequequam : by no means, not at all.

nequiquam : fruitlessly, to no purpose.

nequiter : wretchedly, vilely.

nequitia nequities : worthlessness, badness, wickedness.

nequitia : vileness.

nescio : to be ignorant, be unaware, not know, be unkowing.

nex : violent death, slaughter, death.

nexus : fastening.

nichilominus : nevertheless.

nidor : vapor, smell, reek, odor.

niger : black.

nihil : (undeclinable) nothing.

nihildom : nothing as yet.

nihilominus nichilominus : nevertheless, notwithstanding.

nihilominus : nevertheless.

nihilum : nothing.

nimirum : of course, undoubtedly, certainly (sometimes ironical).

nimis : adv. too much, overmuch, excessively.

nimis : (adv.) too much, overmuch, excessively.

nimium : (adv.) too much, overmuch, excessively.

nisi : if not, unless, except.

nisus : exertion, endeavor.

niteo : to shine, glitter, be bright, glow, be sleek, flourish.

nitesco : to begn to shine /to grow fat or sleek.

nitesco : to begin to shine, grow sleek.

nitida : glittering.

nitidus : bright, shining /fat, sleek /flowering.

nitor : splendor, glow, elegance, brilliance, brightness.

nitor : to strive, exert oneself, make an effort, persevere.

nitor : to rest, lean, support oneself / trust in, depend upon.

nitor : brillance, brightness, glow, elegance, splendor.

nitor : to endeavor.

Nivellensem : Nivelles, city and monastery.

niveus : white, snowy.

nixor : to lean against /strive, strain, labor, struggle.

nixus : strain, effort.

no : -are : being done, made.

no : (nare, navi) to swim, float, fly, sail.

nobis : (dat.) us /the world belongs to US.

nobis : (abl.) us /there’ll be no one as happy as US.

nocens : bad, wicked, injurious, culpable, evil.

noceo : do harm, inflict injury.

noceo : (+ dat.) to do harm to, inflict injury, hurt.

noero : noro : to know.

nolens : unwilling.

nolo : nolle : nolui : to be unwilling, wish not to, refuse.

nolo : to to be unwilling.

nomen Romanorum : Roman power.

nomen : name.

nominatim : by name, expressly.

nomine tenus : nominally, in name.

nominor : to be renowned.

non : not.

non solum .. sed etiam : not only .. but also.

nondum : not yet.

nonnisi : not? not unless?.

nonnullus : some /pl. several.

nonnumquam : sometimes.

nonus : ninth.

norma : organization.

normalis : regular.

Northmanni : Normans.

nos : we /WE live and die by that creed.

nos : us /they tried to tell US we’re too young.

nosco : to become acquainted with, get to know.

noster nostri : our ours /OUR hearts beat as one.

noster nostri : our ours /that old dream of OURS.

noster nostra nostrum : our, ours.

nota : mark, token, note, sign.

notabilis : -e, noteworthy, notable, notorious.

notarius : stenographer (class.), notary, legal scribe.

notitia : knowledge. information, data, notes, annotations.

noto-are : make note, mark down.

notos : south wind.

nous : intelligence.

novem : nine.

novercalis : malevolent.

novitas : newness, novelty, strangeness.

novo : to make anew, refresh, revive, change, alter, invent.

novus : novel, unusual, extraordinary /news, novelty, a new thing.

novus : new, fresh, young, inexperienced, revived, refreshed.

nox noctis : night.

noxa : offense, crime.

noxialis : noxious.

nullatenus : in no wise.

nullus : not any, no, none.

numen : divine will.

numerus : total, category, class, number.

numquam : at no time, never.

nunc quidem : at one time..then.

nunc : now, at the present time, soon, at this time.

nuncupo : to call, proclaim.

nundinae : trade.

nunquam : never.

nuntio : to announce, report, relate.

nuntium-i : n, messenger.

nuntius : messenger, message.

nuper : newly, recently, not long ago.

nuptiae : wedding.

nuptialis : wedding.

nusquam : nowhere, on no occasion / nusquam esse — not exist.

nusquam esse : not to exist.

nusquam : nowhere, in no place, nothing, for nothing, never.

nuto : to falter in fidelity, give way to, waver in opinion, doubt.

nutrimens : food, nourishment.

nutrimentus : nourishment.

nutrio : to suckle, nourish, bring up, rear.

nutritor : toraise, feed.

nutus : a nod, command, will / gravitation, movement down.

nutus : a nodding, nod, command, will.

nutus : command.



obdormio : to fall asleep.

obduco : to draw over, cover/ lead against / pass, spend.

obductio : covering.

obduro : to be hard, persist, endure, last, hold out.

obedienter : obediently.

obedio : to yield obedience to.

obex : barrier.

obfirmo : to bolt, lock, fasten, bar.

obicio obieci obiectum : to offer, throw in someone’s teeth.

objurgo : to fight, attack, oppose.

obligatus : bound, under an obligation.

obliquo : to turn sideways, turn aside.

obliquus : slanting.

oblittero : to cancel, blot out.

oblivio : forgetfulness, oblivion.

obnixe : with all one’s strength, instantly.

obnoxius : harmful, hostile.

obnubilo : to overcloud.

obruo : to overwhelm, destroy.

obscoena : offensive, filthy.

obscurum : darkness.

obsequens : compliant.

obsequium : indulgence, pliancy, submission.

obsequium funeris : funeral rites.

obsequium : obedience, indulgence.

obses : (obsidis) hostage, security, pledge, surety.

obses : surety, hostage.

obsideo : to sit near /haunt, frequent /besiege, invest.

obsido : blockage, besiege, invest.

obstaculum : obstacle.

obstinatus : firm, resolved, staunch.

obstinatus : resolute.

obsto : to oppose, defend, stand against.

obsum : to hinder.

obtempero : to obey.

obtero : to bruise.

obtestor : to implore, entreat, beg, call as a witness.

obtestor : to assert.

obtineo : to hold, keep, possess, maintain /to continue.

obtineo : to gain.

obtutus : gaze.

obviam : (adverb) in the way, on the way, toward.

obviam ire : (+ dat.) to go to meet, oppose /help, remedy.

obviam : on the way, in the way /(+ dat.) towards, against.

obvio : to encounter, meet.

obvius : on the way, in the way / (in dat.) open, accessible.

obvolvo : to wrap up, cover,.

obvolvo : to muffle up.

occasio : favorable moment, opportunity.

occasio : opportunity.

occasus : setting (of the sun, etc)/ the west /fall, destruction.

occasus : sunset, west.

occatio : harrowing.

occidio : slaughter, massacre.

occido : occidi : occasum : to fall, fall down, (for the sun) to set.

occido : to kill.

occisor : murderer.

occludo : to close, shut up, close off.

occulco : to trample (down).

occulte : secretly, in secret, by stealth.

occulto : to hide, conceal, cover.

occultus : hidden, concealed /secretly.

occumbo : to fall, topple, drop /fall dead.

occumbo : to fall.

occupo : to take possession, grasp, seize, enjoy, get a start on.

occupo : to occupy, seize, appropriate, confiscate, commandeer.

occuro : to occur, come about, happen.

occurro : to occur / run to meet, attack /oppose, work against.

occurro : to go to meet, rush upon.

occursus : a meeting.

ocius : quick. fleet, sooner, faster.

oculus : eye.

odio : to hate, despite, hold in contempt, dislike strongly.

odium : hatred.

odorifera : fragrant.

odorus : keen scenter, sharp nosed.

oestrus : horse-fly, frenzy.

offa : lump, swelling /pellet, shot /mass of something.

offendo : to knock, hit, strike /shock, offend, displease.

offendo : stumble, lurch.

offendo : to displease.

offensio : striking, knocking, hitting against, blow.

offensio : cause of offense.

offensus : collision, shock /dislike, displeasure.

offensus : offense.

offero : to bring forward, place before, present, offer, expose.

officina : workshop, factor.

officiose : courteously, dutifully, solemnly, ceremoniously.

officiosus : respectful, attentive.

officium : duty, service, job, post, position, responsibility.

officium : office, obligation, duty.

olim : at that time, formerly, once, for a long time now.

olim : once, at a future time.

Olympus : heaven, home of the gods, height of eminence.

omitto : to let slip, lose, pardon.

omitto : to omit, leave out /let go.

omnifariam : in every way.

omnigenus : of all kinds.

omnimodus : universal.

omnino : altogether, entirely, wholly, certainly, completely.

omnipotens : all-powerful, almighty, omnipotent.

omnis : all, every.

oneratus : loaded.

onero : to load, burden, oppress, fil up.

onus : load, burden, weight, trouble / charge, public road tax.

onustus : burdened, laden.

opera : work, pains, labor.

operae pretium est : it is worthwhile.

operam do to lavish care upon.

operatio : work.

operor : to work, labor, toil, take pains.

operor : to be active, do.

opes : (pl.) means, wealth, abundance, riches, resources.

opimus : splendid.

opinio : opinion, report, rumor, conjecture, report.

opinio : rumor.

opinor : -atus, 1, dep. v, to be of the opinion of.

opisthotonos : A disease where the body is curved backward.

oporotheca : place for keeping fruit.

oportet : it is fitting, it is proper, reasonable, becoming.

oportet : imper v., to assume it shall be, reasonable, necessary.

oportet : it is proper, one should, one ought.

oportet : it is needful, it behooves.

oportunitas : convenience, fitness, advantage, opportunity.

oppidum : (fortified) town.

oppono opposui oppositum : to set against, oppose, be opposite.

opportune : (adv) opportunely, conveniently.

opportune : fitly.

opportunitas : fitness, suitability, convenience, advantage.

opportunitatus : Heriman, cap. 42.

opportunus : fit, suitable/ (time) favorable /(+dat.) liable to.

opportunus : opportune, fit, convenient, suitable.

opportunus : meet.

opprimo : to subdue, overpower, press against, take by surprise.

opprimo oppressi oppressum : to suppress, overwhelm, overpower, check.

opprobrium : reproach, disgrace.

oppugno : to fight against, attack, assault, assail.

oppugno : to war with, storm.

ops : singular: power, power to aid, power to help.

ops : assistance, treasure, wealth, fortune.

optatus : longed-for.

optimates : the aristocratic party.

optimates : magnates, great lords, the best people, the upper class.

optime : as best one can.

optimus: one of the best, aristocrat, noble.

opto : to desire, wish for, want.

opto : to wish for.

opulens : rich, wealthy / powerful, mighty / splendid, sumptuous.

opulente : opulenter : richly, wealthily.

opulentia : riches, wealth / power, might / opulence, splendor.

opulentia : wealth.

opulentus : wealthy, splendid.

opus operis : work, labor, work done, completed work, building.

opus : deed, labor.

opusculus : a little or small work, a small book.

ora : edge, rim, border, boundary / coast, coast-line.

ora : region, clime, district, country / residents of a district.

ora : sea-coast.

oraculum : a solemn statement, oracle, prophecy, words of a god.

oratio : speech, address, oration.

oratio : prayer.

orator : orator, speaker. spokesman, envoy, ambassador.

oratorie : oratorically.

oratorius : oratorical / oratory.

oratu : (abl.sing.m.) by request.

orbis terrarum : the world, the Earth.

orbis lacteus : the Milky Way.

orbis : circle, orb, ring, disk, orbit, coil/ round / rotation.

orbis signifer : the Zodiac.

orbis : world, circle.

orbita : a wheel rut.

orbitas : bereavement, loss of children, loss of parents.

orbus : deprived of children or parents, orphan / deprived, destitute.

orbus : destitute.

orca : a pot or jar.

orchas : orchadis : a type of olive.

orchestra : theater space reserved for the Senate / senators.

orcus : the Lower World, whale.

ordinarius : according to order, regular, ordinary.

ordinatim : regularly, ordinarily.

ordinatio : rule, government, order, arrangment, regulation.

ordinatus : arranged, orderly.

ordine, ordinem : regularly, appropriately, properly.

ordino : (-are) to set in order, regulate, arrange, appoint, govern.

ordior : ordiri : orsus : to begin, start (esp. of speaking).

ordo : rank, class, order.

orexis : appetite, desire.

organum : instrument, musical instrument.

orgia : a festival of mysteries, orgy.

orichalcum : copper ore / brass.

oriens : rising, the rising sun / east / morning.

Orientales : Easterners.

origo : originis : origin, start, source, beginning / ancestor.

orior : rise, become visible, appear.

orior : to be born / to be a consequence or result of something.

orior oriri ortus : rise, become visible, appear.

oriundus : arising from, springing from, coming from.

oriundus : born.

ornamentum : weapons / honor, distinction.

ornamentum : equipment, kit, trappings / furniture / decorations.

ornamentum : accoutrement.

ornata : adorned.

ornate : splendidly, ornately, elegantly.

ornatus : dress, attire, equipment, ornament, embellishment.

ornatus : to adornment.

orno : to equip, furnish, supply / decorate, adorn.

ornus : mountain ash.

oro : to speak, argue, plead, orate, beg, entreat.

orsa : orsorum : beginning, start, undertaking / first few words.

orsus : a beginning, undertaking, initiative.

ortus : -us, m, birth, origin, rising / origin, source.

oryx : origis : gazelle, wild goat.

oryza : rice.

os : ossis : (n) a bone.

os : oris : face, countenance, sight / expression.

os : oris : mouth, opening, source / a mask.

ostendo : -ere-di sum, to show, to exhibit.

ostendo to show, reveal, present, make plain, declare.

ostium : entrance, door.

otium : free time, leisure, ease, peace, repose.

ovanter : exultingly.

ovis ovis : sheep.



pacifice : peaceably.

pacifico : to pacify, make peace, reconcile.

pacificus : peace-making.

paciscor : to make an agreement, covenant, pact.

paciscor : to make a bargain or agreement, covenant, deal.

paciscor : to barter [away].

pactum : treaty, pact, contract.

pactum : agreement, contract, covenant, pact.

pactus : agreed-upon, stipulated, betrothed.

paecipio : to warn, admonish /teach, instruct.

paene, pene : nearly, almost.

paeniteo : to rue, cause to grieve, be repentant, repent.

paganus : countryman, peasant, pagan.

pagatim : in vilages, in a village manner, in a rusticway.

pagenses : inhabitants of a district, country-folk, peasants.

pagus : district, countryside, rural portions of a civitas.

pala : spade, peel for putting bread in the oven.

palaestra : training, wrestling-place.

palam : openly, publicly, (+abl.) in the presence of.

palea : chaff.

palestra : gymnasium, wrestling school.

palificare : make evident.

paliurus : a plant, Christ’s thorn.

pallens : pale, wan, pale yellow, pale green /weak, drooping.

palleo : be pale, be yellow.

pallesco : (+ acc.) grow pale at.

palliata : cloaked.

pallidus : pale, wan; causing paleness.

pallium : coverlet, mantle, cloak.

pallium : covering, monk’s garb, nun’s veil, mantle.

pallium : stole, any drapery.

pallor : paleness, fading.

palma : palm.

palma : glory, prize, award for victory, salvation.

palmarium : excellent, splendid, outstanding.

palmula : blade of an oar.

palor : (dep.) to wander, stray, err.

palpito : throb, tremble, shake.

palpo : carress, stroke /coax, cajole, flatter.

palpo : to feel one’s way.

paludosus : swampy, marshy, boggy.

palus : pale, stake /swamp, bog, marsh.

palus : stay.

palus : paludis : marsh, reed.

paluster : marshy, swampy, boggy.

pando : to stretch out, spread out, extend.

pando : to make known, publicize, make patent.

pandus : curved, crooked, arched, bowed.

pango : to fix, hammer in, drive in, fasten.

pango : to pledge, agree upon.

panis : (-is) bread.

pannosa : tattered.

pannus : rag, patch, piece of cloth.

pannus : swaddling clothes.

panthera : leopard, panther.

panton : everything.

papas : tutor.

papaver : poppy.

papilla : teat, breast, nipple.

pappo : -are; to eat.

papula : a pimple.

par : equal, like.

paratus : prepared, ready, equipped; (of persons) skilled.

paratus : preparation, fitting out, equipment.

parce : moderately, economically.

parcius : scarcely.

parco : (with dative) to spare, refrain from injuring.

parco : (+inf.: to forebear to), avoid, spare, keep oneself from.

parco : to spare, refrain from.

parcus : sparing, thrifty, economical, moderate.

pardus : panther, leopard.

parens : parentis : parent.

parentela : kin.

parentes : relatives, parents.

pareo : (+ dat.) to be obedient to, obey.

pareo : to submit.

paries parietis : wall (of a house).

parilis : similar, like, equal.

parilitas : equality, level to make fit.

pario, to bear, bring forth, produce/ create, make, get.

pario : to spawn.

pariter : alike, at the same time, together.

pariter : likewise, equally, in like manner, as well.

paro : to prepare, get ready/ set, put/ furnish, supply/ buy.

pars : partis : part, share /direction.

pars : side, region.

particeps : partaker, partner, sharer, comrade.

partim : partly /some.

parum : too little, too few, not enough.

parum minus minime : (adv.) little, too little, not enough.

parumper : for a short time, for a little while, for a bit.

parumper : for a moment.

parvulus : child, infant, young, little /very small, tiny.

parvus minor minimus : small, little.

pasco : to graze, forage, browse.

passer : sparrow.

passim : adv. far and wide, everywhere.

passim : scattered about /indiscriminately.

pastor : shepherd.

pastus : pasture.

patefacio : to disclose, expose, open, make open.

patella : dish, platter, plate.

pateo : to be open, be exposed.

pateo : to be revealed, to stand open, to be clear, plain.

pater : patris : father.

paterna : of a father, paternal, native.

paternus : of a father, paternal, native.

patesco : to be laid open, bare, exposed, to be revealed.

patibilis : endurable, bearable, sufferable.

patiens : patient /(+ gen.) capable of enduring.

patiens : long-suffering.

patienter : patiently.

patientia : patience, suffering, endurance.

patientia : forbearance.

patina : a dish.

patior : to suffer, endure, permit.

patior : to suffer, be afflicted with.

patria : fatherland, one’s native country, homeland.

patria : fatherland.

patricius : a nobleman.

patrius : handed down from one’s forefathers.

patrizo : to take after one’s father.

patro : to effect, perform.

patrocinium : patronage.

patrocinor : to protect, defend, support, patronize.

patronus : patron, protector.

patruus : paternal uncle.

patulum : a space, court.

pauci : few, a few, some.

paulatim : gradually, litle by little.

paulisper : for a little while, for a short time.

paululum : very small, very little.

pauper : poor, with few means, poverty-stricken.

pauper : beggar, person without means.

paupertas : beggardry, poverty, humble circumstances.

paveo : to dread.

pavidus : dreadful as in producing fear, quaking as in feeling fear.

pavio : to tread down upon.

pavor : quaking, dread.

pax pacis : peace.

pax pacis : peace, truce, treaty.

pax : harmony in musical context.

peccamen : sin, fault, error.

peccatus : sin.

pecco : to do wrong, err, sin, go astray.

pecto : to comb, card, thrash (to card wool).

pectus : pectoris : heart, breast.

peculium : a bit of money, a small property.

pecunia : money.

pecuniosus : rich, wealthy ..profitable, lucrative.

pecus : a single head of cattle, especially a sheep/ a herd.

pecus : pecudis : single beast, head (of cattle).

pecus, pecoris : herd of cattle.

pedes : going on foot, walking /foot-soldier, infantryman.

pedis : foot-soldier.

peior : worse (see malus).

pelagus : main, open sea.pellax : seductive.

pellis : pelt .

pello pepulli pulsum : to hit, beat /exile, drive away, banish.

peloris : a clam.

pelvis : font.

pendeo : to hang, depend, be suspended /be uncertain, undecided.

pendo : to weigh, value, consider, judge, esteem.

penetrabilis : capable of being penetrated / penetrating, piercing.

penetralis : (noun) interior, inner rooms.

penetralis : passing through, penetrating / internal, inner /.

penetranter : deeply, penetratingly, searchingly.

penetro : to put into, pass through, penetrate.

penetro : to go against, attack, enter, penetrate .

penicullus : a painter’s brush, pencil, stylus.

peniculus : a sponge, brush.

penintentiarius : confessor, penintentiary.

penis : tail.

penitens : (penitentis) a penitent.

penitentia : penance.

penitio : to do penance.

penitus : inward, inner, internal, interior.

penitus : (adv.) inside, widely, through and through, completely.

penitus : (adverb) accurately, thoroughly, wholly, entirely.

penna : feather, wing.

penna : feather.

pennae : wing.

pennatus : winged, with feathers.

penniger : winged, with feathers.

pennipes : wing-footed, swift, fleet.

pennipotens : capable of flight.

pennipotenti : birds.

pensilis : hanging.

pensio : a weighing out / paying, payment, rent / day of payment.

pensito : to weigh carefully, weigh out / pay.

pensito : to ponder, consider, think over.

penso : to weigh out / estimate, ponder, consider / pay, purchase.

pensus : paid out, valued.

penuria : penurium :lack, want, penury.

penuriosus : penurious, poor, poverty-stricken.

penus, us : provisions, supplies, victuals.

peplum : robe of state.

per sic quod : on condition that, with the understanding that.

per antea : before, formerly.

per : (prefix to an adjective) very, excessively, quite.

per : (+ acc.) (of time) throughout, during, in the course of.

per : (+ acc.) (of space) through, along, over / in the presence of.

per : (+ acc.) (cause) because of, on account of.

per : (+ acc.) (means/instrument) through, with, by, by means of.

per moenia urbis : inside the walls of the town.

pera : wallet, purse, bag.

peractio : completion, finishing, end.

peracto : to carry through, complete, accomplish.

peraeque : quite equally.

peragito : (-are) to harass, push around.

perago : (legal) to prosecute to the end.

perago : (-ere) to harass, disturb / mention / complete, accomplish.

perago : to to go through with, accomplish, finish.

peragro : to wander through, travel through.

peragro : to search through, traverse.

percello : to smite, strike with consternation, excite.

percipio percepi perceptum : to gain, learn, perceive, understand.

percontor percunctor : inquire, interrogate, investigate.

perculsus : a shock.

percunctor : to interrogate.

percutio (percussum) : to strike hard, pierce, transfix /shock.

percuto : to affect deeply.

perdignus : very worthy.

perditio : loss, destruction.

perditio : ruin.

perdo : to lose, destroy.

perdo : to destroy, ruin, waste, scatter, squander.

perdo : to ruin, lose.

perduco : to lead through, conduct, carry through.

perduco : to guide.

perduco: perduxi : perductum : bring through, spread over.

peregrinus : wanderer, foreigner, stranger / pilgrim, crusader.

perennis : everlasting, uninterrupted.

pereo : to pass away, be destroyed, perish.

pererro : to ramble over.

perfectus : complete, finished, done /perfect, without flaw.

perfero : to bear, suffer, endure.

perfero: pertulit : to endure, undergo.

perficio : to accomplish, perfect, complete, achieve, effect.

perficio : perfeci : perfectum: to do thoroughly, accomplish, bring.

perfidia : treachery, faithlessness.

perfidia : treachery.

perfidiosus : treacherous, faithless.

perfidus : treasonous.

perflo : to blow through or over.

perfringo : to break through, penetrate /shatter.

perfruor : to execute completely, enjoy to the full.

perfundo : to drench.

perfusus : steeped, soaked, drenched.

pergo : to continue, proceed, go on with.

pergo : to proceed, pursue.

periclitatus : put in peril, endangered.

periclitor : to test make a trial, put in peril, endanger.

periculosus : hazardous, dangerous.

periculum : danger, risk.

periculum : risk, danger, destruction.

perimo peremi peremptum : to destroy.

perimo : to slay.

peritus : skilled, expert.

peritus : skilful.

periurium : perjury, oath-breaking, foreswearing an oath.

perjuro : to break an oath.

perlabor : to slip through.

perlustro : to pass through, survey, look, examine.

permaneo : to stay to the end, last, endure.

permaximum : the very greatest.

permeo : to pass through.

permeo : to traverse.

permetior : to measure, traverse.

permitto : permissi : permissum : to allow, permit, let.

permitto : to suffer, allow.

permoveo : to excite, agitate, stir up, move.

perniciosus : pernicious, destructive.

perorno : to greatly adorn.

peroro : to speak from beginning to end.

perosus : hateful.

perpendo : to weigh carefully.

perperam : wrongly, falsely.

perpes : never-ending.

perpetior : to endure.

perpetro : to complete, accomplish, perform.

perpetuus : perpetual, lasting, continuous, uninterrupted.

perpetuus : unbroken.

perquiro : to make a diligent search for, examine.

perscitus : very clever, exceedingly sharp.

perscribo : to write out, write down, place on record.

perscrutor : to search through, examine.

perseco : to cut through, dissect, cut away.

persentio : to feel deeply.

persequor persequi persecutus : to follow, pursue, take revenge.

persequor : to persecute, hunt down, track, trail.

perseverantia : perseverence, persistence.

perseverantia : steadfastness.

persevero : to persist, persevere, continue.

persevero : to to abide by strictly, continue steadfastly, continue.

persisto : to persist, persevere.

persolvo : to unloose, explain, expound /pay off a debt, pay.

persolvo : to render, discharge.

persona : [medieval] one holding an honor, official, magnate.

persona : actor’s mask, part, role /character, personality.

personam gero : to act a part.

perspicax : penetrating.

perspicuus : transparent, bright, clear, evident.

perspicuus : clear.

persto : to persist, remain firm.

perstruo : to construct.

persuadeo persuasi persuasum : (+ dat.) to persuade.

perterreo : to terrify.

pertimesco : to become very much afraid.

pertinacia : firmness, obstinacy, stubborness.

pertinaciter : stubbornly, obstinately.

pertinax : persistent, firm, mean, stubborn, obstinate.

pertineo : to pertain to, relate to, concern.

pertingo : to stretch out, extend.

pertorqueo : to twist, distort.

pertraho : to drag, forcibly conduct, entice, allure.

perturbatio : passion.

perturbo : to disturb, trouble, perturb, disrupt.

perturpis : very disgraceful.

peruro perussi perustum : to burn up, consume /inflame, gall, chafe.

peruro : to burn up.

pervalidus : very strong.

pervasor : invader.

pervenio : (+ acc.) to reach, attain, reach, be passed to.

pervenio : to come to.

perversa : corrupt, awry.

perverto : to turn upside down, overturn, overthrow.

pervicax : determined.

pervideo : to look over, survey, inspect, discern.

pervigil : ever-watchful.

pervium : thoroughfare.

pes pedis : foot.

pessimus : worst (see malus).

pessum ire : to sink, be ruined, destroyed, be put to an end.

pessum dare : to destroy, ruin, wreck.

pessum : to the ground, to the bottom, downward.

pestifer : pestilential, injurious, damaging, plaguey,.

pestifer : baleful, destructive, mischievous person.

pestifere : destructively, injurously.

pestilencia : pestilence, plague.

pestis pestis : plague, epidemic, pestilence /destruction, curse.

pestis : destruction, pestilence, curse.

petitus : inclining toward.

peto : to make for, go to, seek, strive after.

peto : to ask for, beg, request, demand / to sue for.

peto : to make for, seek out, relate to.

petrosus : rocky.

petulans : wanton.

phalangula : small host.

phalanx : host, band of warriors.

phalerae : trapping for foreheads and breasts of horses, ornaments.

phaleratus : bridled, harnessed, bearing arms.

pharetra : a quiver.

phasma phasmatis : ghost, spirit, specter.

philologus : scholar, learned man / adj. learned, literary.

phitonicum : Herimann p. 275.

Phoebus : sun.

phthisis : consumption, tuberculosus.

phylacterium : amulet.

physiologus : a natural science.

pia pium : honest, godly, holy, pious, dutiful, patriotic.

piaculum : a victim, sacrifice, atonement, punishment /a sin, crime.

piaculum : sin.

pica : jay, magpie.

picea : the spruce tree.

pictor : painter.

picturatus : painted / of cloth, embroidered.

picus : woodpecker.

pie : adv, piously, religiously, dutifully.

pietas : compassion, dutifulness, kindness.

pietas : dutifulness, dutiful conduct, piety, devotion, kindness.

piger pigra pigrum : lazy, slow, dull.

pignus : gage, collateral, surety, pawn.

pignus : pawn, pledge, token, (in pl.) persons in pledges of.

pilo : to shave, sut the hair.

pilosus : hairy, covered with hair.

pilum : heavy javelin.

pilus : a single hair /a trifle.

pinetum : pine wood.

pingo : pixi : pcitum : to paint, embroider, draw.

pingo : stain, dye /decorate.

pinguesco : to grow fat, sleek.

pinguis : fat, oily, rich, sleek, /fertile.

pinguitudo : fatness, rotundity.

pio : to purify with sacred rites.

piper, piperis : pepper.

pipio : to chirp, tweet, pipe.

pirum : pear.

pirus : pear tree.

piscator : fisherman.

piscis : fish.

pius : pious, dutiful, compassionate, respectful, gracious.

pius: dutiful, godly, holy, upright, kind, honest, affectionate.

placatus : appeased.

placeo : (+ dat.) to please, be agreeble to.

placet : it is agreed, it is resolved, it seems good.

placide : quitely, gently.

placidus : quiet, still, gentle.

placitum : judgment, case/ plea, litigation / defense.

placitum : conference, meeting, negotiation.

placitum : accord, agreement, pact /assembly for judgment.

placo : to placate, appease.

plaga : district, zone, region.

plaga : a blow, stroke, wound, buffet,.

plaga : blow, buffet, slap.

plaga : plague (Vulgate), affliction, scourge.

plagatus : wounded.

plagiarius : kidnapper, plagiarist.

planctus : wailing.

plane : plainly, clearly.

plango : to beat ones breast.

plango : planxi : planctum : to strike, beat /bewail, mourn.

planta : plant, shoot, sprout, twig, sprig.

plantarium : nursery, nursery garden/ sole of the foot.

planto : to set in place, make, form, shape/ plant, fix in place.

planum : level ground.

plasmator : maker.

plasmo : to mould.

platea : street, courtyard.

plaustrum : wagon, cart, Charles’ Wain, the Big Dipper.

plebeius : common.

plebs : populace, lower classes, the mob.

plebs : the common people, the masses, the crowd.

plecto aliquem capite :* suffer capital punishment, death.

plecto : to punish.

plector : to be punished.

plectrum : lute.

plene : (adv.) completely, wholly, fully.

plenus : filled, laden.

plenus : full, complete, full, satisfied, rich, mature, plump.

plerumque : for the most part, generally, commonly, mostly.

plerusque : very many, a great number, a large part, the greater part.

plico : to fold.

plorabilis : deplorable.

ploratio : lamentation, mourning, weeping.

plorator : a lamenter.

ploratus : weeping, lamenting.

ploro : to lamen, weep, weep over.

pluit : pluvit : it is raining, a shower is falling.

pluma : feather /featherbed /pen.

plumbeus : leaden, made of lead /dull, stupid, heavy, opressive, bad.

plumbum : lead, a bullet, lead pipe.

plumbum album : tin.

pluo : to rain, shower, sprinkle.

plura : more numerous, several, many.

plures : more numerous, several, many.

pluries : often, frequently.

plurimi : at the highest price, of the highest worth.

plurimus : most, very many.

pluris : (gen.) at a higher price, of a great value.

plus : more.

plusculus : somewhat more, rather more.

pluvia : rain, shower.

pluvialis : pertaining to rain, of rain.

pneum : breath.

pocius : = potius.

pocius potius : rather, preferrably.

podagra : gout.

poema poematis : poem, verse, rhyme.

poena : pain, punishment, penalty /poena dare : to pay the penalty.

poeta : (masc.) poet.

polenta : pearl barley, barley groats.

pollen : fine flour, fine meal. (also pollis ).

pollens : strong, mighty.

polleo : to be rich in.

polleo : to be strong, powerful, able.

pollex : thumb, big toe.

polliceor : to promise, offer.

pollicitas : offering.

pollicitatio : promise.

pollicitus : promised, a promise.

polluo : to defile.

polus : pole, heavens.

pomum : fruit, apple.

pondera : balance, equilibrium.

pondero : to weigh, consider, reflect.

pondus : a pound’s weight /weight, mass, load /heavy body.

pondus : weight, weight of character, firmness, constancy.

pono posui positum : to lay, place, put, set /(milit.) post, station.

pons pontis : bridge.

pons : bridge, drawbridge.

pontifex : bishop.

pontus : bridge.

poposco : see posco; Herimann, cap. 28, 69.

populatio : devastation, wasting /population.

populi : people.

populus : people, the people, nation, crowd, multitude, host.

populus : popular.

populus : populace, laity.

porro : forward, further, next, in turn, (of time) long ago.

porta : gate, entrance.

portus : harbor.

posco : to call upon, ask ernestly, request.

posco : to beg.

positus : position, place, arrangment.

positus : situated.

possessio : possession, property.

possessiones : holdings.

possideo : hold, abide.

possum posse potum : to be able, avail, have influence.

possum : to be able, to be capable.

post modum : afterwards, presently, shortly.

post : (+ acc.) after, behind.

post tergum : [left] behind.

postea : afterwards.

posteri : posterity.

posteritas : succeeding generations, offspring, posterity.

posterus, postremo : subsequent, following, next, future.

posthabeo : to put after, consider of less account, [posthabito].

postpono : to put after, consider secondary.

postquam : (conj.) after.

postquam : after/ : [+ subj.] because.

postulatio : a demand, request, desire /complaint.

postulativus : plaintive.

postulator : plaintiff, complainant.

postulo : to complain /contain, measure /need, require.

postulo : to ask, demand, require /summon, prosecute, impeach, try.

potens : mighty, able, mighty, powerful, strong.

potentia : might, power, authority.

potentia : [political/diplomatic power] influence.

potestas : power, ability, authority /opportunity.

potestas : legal competence.

potior : (+ gen. or dat.) to possess, hold, get possession of.

potior : to [+ abl] obtain.

potissimum : (adv.) chiefly, most of all.

potissimus : best of all, chief, principal.

potius : comp. adj, in order that, rather.

potius : rather, preferably.

practicus : active.

prae dulcis : pre dulcis : exceedingly sweet.

prae se ferre / pre se ferre : to show, exhibit, on account of.

prae : pre : (prep. with abl.) before, in front of.

prae quam : pre quam : in comparison with.

prae pre : (adv.) before, in front.

praebalteata : girded.

praebeo : prebeo : (+ refl.) to show oneself, present oneself.

praebeo : to offer.

praebeo : prebeo : to offer, hold out, supply, provide, allow.

praecautus : on one’s guard.

praecaveo : to take precautions.

praecedo : precedo : to precede, go before /surpass, excell.

praecedo : to precede.

praecedo : praecessi : praecessum : to go, result.

praecellens : distinguished, excellent.

praecello : to preside over, be distinguished.

praecelsus : very lofty.

praecelsus : precelsus : exceedingly high.

praecepio : precepio : precept, preconception.

praeceps : precipice.

praeceptum : preceptum : instruction, injunction, command, precept.

praecidentius : cautiously.

praecido : to cut short, lop, mutilate.

praecingo : to gird, encircle.

praecipo : to instruct.

praecipio : precipio : to instruct, advise, warn, anticipate.

praecipitium : headlong fall.

praecipito : cast down headlong.

praecipue : especially, chiefly.

praecipue : adv, especially.

praecipuus : extraordinary, subst : chief.

praecipue : particularly.

praeclarus : excellent, famous, beautiful, striking.

praeconium : laudation.

praeconor : preconor : to be a public crier, to herald, proclaim.

praecox : precox : ripe beforehand, premature.

praecursor : forerunner.

praeda : preda : plunder, booty, spoils of war, loot, gain, prey.

praedatio : taking of booty.

praedatus : taking of booty.

praeda : booty.

praedor : to plunder.

praedestino : to determine beforehand, predestine.

praedicare : to preach.

praedicatio : preaching (s), foretelling (s), condemning.

praedico : predico : to warn, admonish, instruct, foretell.

praedico : to fix in advance.

praeditus : well endowed.

praedium : estate.

praeduco : to put before.

praeeo : to lead the way.

praeeo : preeo : to go before, precede /to say in advance /to order.

praefatus-i : m, before mentioned.

praefero : prefero : to carry in front, display, prefer.

praefero : prefero : anticipate, carry by, ride by.

praeficio : preficio /prefeci prefectum : to put in charge of.

praefinio : prefinio : to appoint ahead of time.

praefoco : prefoco : to choke, suffocate.

praegravo : pregravo : to press heavily upon, weigh down, oppress.

praeire : to go before.

praejudicium : damage.

praejudico : to decide beforehand ie plan.

praelabor : to glide past, translated as transient.

praelibo : to taste beforehand.

praelium : battle.

praelior : to do battle.

praelium facio : to join battle.

praemitto : to send forward, dispatch, send in advance.

praemium : reward, exploit -.

praemium : premium : reward, prize/ booty /profit.

praemo : premo : to press down, strike down.

praemoneo : to forwarn.

praemunio : to secure.

praeniteo : to gleam especially.

praenuntio : prenuntio : to foretell, announce before hand.

praenuntius : prenuncius : foretelling, harbinger, omen, token.

praeoccupor morte : to fall prey to death.

praeopto : to desire more or much.

praeparo : preparo : to prepare, ready, make ready, arrange.

praepedio : to hinder.

praepes : nimble.

praepono : prepono : to set over, prefer.

praepositus prepositus : (monastic) prior.

praepositus : manorial agent, steward, bailiff, prior.

praeproperus : preproperus: over-hasty, precipitate.

praesagium : presentiment.

praesagus : prophetic.

praesagio : to prophesy.

praescio : to foreknow.

praesentia : presence, presence of mind, effect, power.

praeses : guard.

praesidium : garrison troops, assistance, aid.

praesidium : guard, garrison, detachment /protection.

praesieo : praesedi : praesedere : to sit before, preside, command.

praestans : prestans : excellent, distingished, imminent, superior.

praestantia : prestantia : superiority, excellence.

praesto : [+ subj clause] to be better, preferable.

praestigiator : impostor.

praesto : to furnish, offer.

praesto presto : to answer for, be responsible for.

praesto presto : to do, perform, display, fulfill, offer, present.

praesto : to stand before, be outstanding, excell, surpass, show.

praestolatio prestolatio : the waiting for, expectation.

praestolor : to wait for, stand ready.

praestringo : to bind fast.

praesul presul : dancer /presider, protector, director.

praesum : v, to be before.

praesum presum : to be at the head of, be in charge of.

praesum : to be set over, preside over have charge of.

praesumo presumo : to anticipate, take for granted.

praesumo : to trust, venture, dare.

praesumptio : audacity.

praeter : adv, beyond, after.

praeter : adj., except; prep. + acc., besides, beyond, more than.

praeterea : adv, besides, moreover, as indeed it is.

praeterea : preterea : besides, further, hereafter.

praetereo : pretereo : to pass over, pass by, omit.

praeteritus : preteritus : past.

praetermissio : pretermissio : neglect, passing over, omission.

praetorgredior : pretergredior : to pass betond, go beyond.

praevalens : very powerful.

praevaleo : to prevail, have power.

praevalesco : to grow very strong.

praevalida : very powerful.

praevaricor : to transgress.

praevenio : to come before, anticipate.

praevenio : to get the start of/ to forestall, prevent, hinder.

praevideo : to take precautions.

praevius : previous, former.

prandio : to eat lunch.

prandium : dinner, lunch.

pratum : meadow, hay-field.

pratus : meadow.

pravitas : crookedness, depravity, deformity, perversity.

pravus : depraved, wicked, evil, perverse.

precatus : prayer, beseeching.

precipio : to anticipate, instruct, advise, warn.

precipue : especially, particularly, chiefly.

precipue : chiefly, especially, particularly.

precipuus : excellent, distinguished, special, extraordinary.

precor : to beseech, pray, beg, entreat, invoke.

prehendo : to seize, snatch, grasp, detain, arrest.

premo : squeeze, press down, strike down.

premo : to weigh down, stifle, overwhelm.

premo pressi pressum : to squeeze, press down, strike down.

prenda : booty, loot, stolen goods.

preoccupo : to attack first, take, vex, occupy.

preoccupo: to block, prevent, frustrate.

prepositus : reeve, steward, provost, prior, abbot.

presertim praesertim : especially, chiefly.

presso : to conceal.

pretereo : to go by, pass by, escape.

pretium : price, vaue, reward.

prevenire : to come to, go before hand, attend.

prex precis : request, entreaty, prayer.

prex : entreaty.

pridem : in time past.

primaeva : youthful.

primitus : first, for the first time.

primo : first, at first, at the beginning, at the start.

primordia : atoms.

primordium : first beginning, origin.

primoris : first, foremost, at the top, uppermost.

primoris : first, foremost /most distinguished, first.

primum : quam primum : as soon as possible.

primum : at first, for the first time, in the first place.

primus : chief.

princeps :* leader, prince, preeminent person, magnate, prince.

principatus : rule, dominion, pre-eminence, first place.

principium : beginning.

principor : to rule.

prior : prius : former, prior.

priores : um : forefathers, ancestors.

priscus : ancient, antique, former, old days, venerable.

pristinus : former, venerable, ancient.

prius : before, formerely.

priusquam : (conj.) before.

privatus : private, unofficial, a private person.

privatus : deprived, released.

privigna : step-daughter.

privo : to rob, deliver, deprive.

privus : (with gen.) deprived of.

pro : (+ abl.) in front of, before /on behalf of, for.

pro eo : because of the fact, because, for this reason.

pro : (+ abl.) in return for, instead of /for, as.

proavus : great-grandfather.

probabilis : credible.

probabiliter : with credibility.

probatur : from probo-are, to judge, test, examine.

probatus : approved.

probitas : probity, uprightness, honesty.

probitas : liberality.

probo : to show, prove, demonstrate, approve, find good, judge.

probrum : reproach, abuse.

probus : upright, liberal, generous.

procax : brash.

procedo : to go ahead, proceed, advance, continue.

procedo : to go out, come out /result, prosper /turn out well.

procella : storm, tempest, gale; (milit) charge, onset, wave.

procella : tempest.

procellosus : tempestuous.

procer : chief noble, prince.

proceres : prelates, chiefs, magnates.

proceritas : height.

procerus : tall.

processus : procession, progress.

procido : to fall prostrate.

procinctu : prepared or ready for battle.

proclivia : slopes.

proclivus : inclined, ready.

procreo : to beget.

procul : far, at, to, from a distance.

procuratio : management, administration, diretion, supervision.

procurator : manager, bailiff, agent.

procuro : to take care of, manage.

prodeo : to advance, go forward, appear, go forth, sally forth.

prodico : to put off, delay.

prodigentia : profusion, prodigiality.

prodigialiter : amazingly, wonderfully.

prodigiosus : unnatural, wonderful, miraculous, amazing.

prodigium : prodigy, portent / monster, unnatural thing.

prodigo : drive forth, waste, spend, expend.

prodigus : rich, extravagant, abound in, profuse.

prodigus : lavish.

proditio : betrayal, treason.

proditio : treason, betrayal.

proditor : traitor, betrayer.

proditus : treachery.

prodo : deliver, transmit, hand over, disclose.

prodo : publish, bring forth, appoint /abandon, betray.

prodoceo : teach, inculcate, indoctrinate.

prodromus : forerunner.

produco : to bring into the world.

producto produxi productum : promote, divulge, bring to light.

producto produxi productum : produce, bring forward, bring out.

proeliator preliator : fighter, warrior, combatant.

proeliator : warrior.

proelium : battle.

profano : profane, desecrate.

profano : to violate.

profanus : not sacred, uninitiated, ordinary, common, impious.

profanus : wicked.

profectio : departure, source, origin.

profectio : departure.

profecto : truly, really, indeed.

profectus : advance.

profero : to enlarge, extend/ delay, postpone.

profero : to carry out, bring forth/ advance, impell/cite, mention.

profero : to reveal, proffer.

professio : monastic profession of vows/ oath of canonical obedience.

professio : monastic rule.

professio : declaration, profession/ trade, art, craft, profession.

professor : authority, expert.

professorius : authoritative.

professus : having professed monastic vows.

proficio : advance, assist, help, aid, be of use.

proficio : to make progress, advance.

proficio : to go on, be advantageous, accomplish.

proficiscor : to depart, set out, to start forward, to arise.

proficiscor : to travel, march.

proficuus : proficiscor : to start forward, set out, depart, arise.

profiteor : to confess (one’s sins), to take a monastic oath.

profiteor : to declare publicly, profess.

profiteor: to make a public statement / to declare oneself.

profiteor: to acknowledge, confess / offer, promise.

profor : profari : profatus : to speak out.

profugus : fleeing, fugitive, banished, migratory.

profundo : profui : profusum : to pour forth, gush, stream.

profundum : a depth, abyss, chasm /the sea.

profundus : deep, profound, high, thick, dense, boundless.

profusius : profusely.

profuturus : beneficial.

progagus : offspring.

progener : husband of a grand-daughter.

progenero : to produce, engender.

progenierum : from generation to generation.

progenies : descent, lineage, progeny, offspring, descendants.

progenitor : founder of a family, ancestor.

progenitus : descended.

progigno : progenui : progenitum : to engender, bring forth.

prognatus : born, sprung from /son.

progredior : to go forth, advance, proceed, go out.

progredior : to march forward.

progressio : advance, progress, increase.

progressus : advance, going forward, increase, a royal circuit.

proh : ah!.

prohibeo : to prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit, forbid.

prohibeo : to hold back, withhold, restrain.

prohibitio : prohibition, restrain, forbidding.

proicio : to throw forth, fling, abandon.

proinde quasi : proinde ac si : just as if.

proinde : consequently, therefore, as a result.

proinde ut: proinde quam: just as.

prolabor : to slide forward, slip forward, fall forward, fall down.

prolapsio : a slipping or sliding.

prolatio : a bringing forward, mentioning /extension /deferring.

prolato : to enlarge, lengthen, extend /put off, defer.

prolecto : to entice, allure.

proles : offspring, descendants, posterity, (plants : fruit).

proles : descendant, progeny.

proletarius : a citizen of the lowest rank.

prolicio prolixi : to lure forth, entice.

prolix : long, stretching.

prolixus : wide, broad, long / willing, obliging, favorable.

proloquium : assertion, utterance.

proloquor : to speak out, declare openly.

proluo prolu prolutum : to wash away, wash clean.

prolusio : preliminary exercise, prelude.

proluvier : innundation /scouring /discharge.

proluvies : overflowing.

promereo : promereor : to deserve, merit.

promereor : to earn.

promerita : deserving.

promeritum : desserts, merit, credit.promissio : a promise.

prominens : jutting out, standing out /a projection.

promineo : to stand out, jut, extend.

promisce : promiscue : indiscrimately.

promiscus promiscuus : mixed, indiscriminate /commonplace, usual.

promissio : a promise.

promissor : a promiser, suretor, guarantor.

promitto : to let go forward, send forth, promise, undertake.

promitto : to let go, send forth, undertake, promise.

promitto : to put forth, make a promise, oath.

promitto : engage oneself, promise,.

promissum : promise, offer.

promo prompsi promptum : to produce, disclose, bring forth.

promontorium : peak, mountain crest, ridge, promontory.

promoveo promovi promotum : push forward, move ahead, advance.

prompte : promptly, resolutely, readily.

promptu : in promptu esse : to be ready, to be easy, to be clear.

promptu : in promptu habere : to have read, display, have on show.

promptu : in promptu ponere : to make clear, reveal, disclose.

promptus : ready at hand, visible, apparent.

promptus : (persons) prepared, resolute, prompt.

promptus : ready, inclined to.

promulgatio : publication, promulgation (of a law).

promulgo : to publish.

promus : steward, butler.

promutuus : (cash) advanced, prepaid, arragned beforehand.

pronepos proneptos : great-grandson.

pronuntio : to proclaim, announce, declaim.

pronus : stooping.

propago : to extend.

propago-are : to spread, propagate.

propalata : made public, publicized.

propalo : to make public.

prope : near, nearly, not far from, just now, closely.

prope : near, near to, not far, not long from now.

propello : to drive before one, drive away.

propense : readily.

propero : to hasten, speed, move rapidly, come quickly.

propero : to hasten / accelerate, speed up.

propero : to hasten.

propino : to set before one.

propinquitas : intimacy, nearness, closeness.

propinquo : (intrans) to come near, draw near, approach.

propinquus : near, close, similar, nearly related.

propinquus : kinsman.

propitius : favorable, gracious.

propitius : gracious.

propono : display, publish, relate, tell, propose, promise.

propono : to design, point out.

propositio : proposal, proposition.

propositum : a design, purpose, scheme, theme of discourse.

propositum : intention, declaration.

proprie : exclusively, particularly, peculiarly. properly.

proprietas : ownership.

proprius : one’s own, permanent, special, peculiar.

proprius : characteristic, particular.

propter : (+ acc.) near, close, on account of, because of.

propugnaculum : tower, fortification, rampart, defense.

prora : prow.

prorsus : forward, straight ahead, to sum up, utterly, wholly.

prorsus : utterly.

proruo : to tumble down.

prosapia : family, stock.

prosequor (prosecutus) : to attack, go with, pursue, attend.

prosequor : to pursue.

prosilio : to spring up, burst forth.

prosper : favorable, fortunate, lucky, prosperous.

prosper : propitious.

prospera : good fortune.

prosperitas : propserity, good fortune.

prosperitas : success.

prospicio : to look into the distance, contemplate.

prospicio : to see from a distance, prosper, propitious.

prosterno : to knock down, cast down /destroy, ruin.

prosterno : to overthrow, prostrate.

prosum : (with dat.) to be useful, do good, benefit.

prosum (profuturus) : to be useful, of benefit, do good.

prosum : to benefit.

protego : to protect.

protelo : to lead.

protendo : to stretch out.

protense : extensively. .

rotensus : extensive.

protero : to tread under foot, trample.

proterus : wanton.

protestor, protesto : to declare in public, affirm, bear witness.

prothonotario : protonotary.

prothoplastus : the first man.

protinus : forward, further on, continuously, immediately.

protraho (protractus): to draw out, rpotact, defer, make known.

prout : as, just as, according to.

provectus : aged, old, advanced in years.

provectus : advanced, advanced in age.

proveho : to carry on, carry forward, advance, promote,.

proventus : a growing up, increase, crop, yield, or issue.

provida : prudent.

providentia : providence, foresight, prudence.

provideo : to foresee, provide, make provision for.

providor : caretaker.

provisio : forethought.

provisor : one who provides for, or against.

provolvere se : to throw oneself down, abase oneself.

provolvo : to fall down at another’s feet.

proximus : nearest, closest, next.

prudens : prudent, wise.

prudens : discreet, sensible, judicious.

prudenter : wisely, discreetly.

prudenter : discreetly.

prudentia : foresight, wisdom, discretion.

prudentia : practical judgment, discretion.

prurigo : to itch.

psallo : to sing Psalms of David, psalmodize, sing.

psallo : to play/sing to stringed instrument, esp. cithara.

pubertas : manhood.

pubes : young men, signs of manhood.

pubesco : to reach the age of puberty.

publicus : of the people, public, open to all.

puchre : beautifully, finely, handsomely.

pudendus : shameful, disgraceful.

pudeo : to be ashamed,.

pudet : it causes shame.

pudicus : modest. chaste.

pudor : modesty, bashfulness.

pudor : ignominy,.

puella : girl.

puer : boy.

puerilis : childish, boyish, folish, foolish.

pueriliter : boyishly, childishly, foolishly.

puga : pyga : buttocks.

pugna : fight, battle, conflict, set-to.

pugnacitas : the desire to fight, pugnacity.

pugnaculum : fortress.

pugnator : combatant.

pugnax : fond of fighting, combative, stubborn, contntious.

pugno : to fight.

pugnus : the fist.

pulchellus : pretty.

pulcher pulchra pulchrum : beautiful, handsome, fine, fair.

pulchritudo : beauty, fineness.

pulex : the flea.

pullulo : shoot up, sprout, burgeon.

pullulo : to increase, spread.

pullus : young animal /chicken, chick.

pullus : dark-clorored, blackish /sad, gloomy / a dark garment.

pullus : young.

pulmentum : anything eaten with bread, sauce or relish.

pulmo : the lung.

pulpa : flesh.

pulpitum : platform, stage.

pulsatus : touched, struck.

pulso : to strike (the hours).

pulso : to strike, touch.

pulsus : beating, blow, push, impulse, influence.

pulverulentus : full of dust.

pulvis : dust, powder /arena, scene of action.

pumilius pumilio : a dwarf.

punctum : a prick, little hole, puncture /a point, spot, place.

pungo pupugi punctum : to penetrate /sting, annoy, harrass.

pungo pupugi punctum : to prick, puncture, stab /touch, move.

pungo : to sting.

puniceus : purple, red.

puniceus : reddish.

punio : to punish, avenge, gave vengeance.

punitor : punisher, avenger.

pupa : doll /little girl.

pupillus pupilla : orphan, ward.

pupillus : orphan, minor.

puppis : stern of a ship, the poop.

pupula : pupil of the eye.

purgamentum : rubbish, trash, filth, sweepings.

purgatio: cleaning out, cleansing /excsuing, justification.

purgo : to clean, cleanse, purify/ clear away, wash off/ justify.

purpura : purple dye, purple cloth /high rank, emperorship.

purpureus : brilliant, purple-colored.

purus : pure, free from, spotless, without stain.

purus : spotless.

pusillus : tiny, puny /petty, mean.

pusillus : insignificant, very small.

pusio : lad.

putator : pruner.

puteo : to stink, be redolent, smell bad.

puter : rotten, decayed, putrid /loose, crumbling /flabby.

putesco : to putrefy, day, rot.

puteulanus : blue.

puteus : well, pit.

puto : to clear, settle up, consider, think, believe, suppose, judge.

putus : pure, unmixed, unadulterated.

pyropus : bronze.

pyus pyxidis : a little box, casket.



qua : (fem. sing. abl.) (the abbess) BY WHOM she was advised.

qua : (adv.) by which route, where.

quadra : dining table.

quadraginta : forty (Indecl.).

quadratus : square, a square.

quadrigae : four-horse team.

quadrivium : second stage of the medieval curriculum.

quadrivium : crossroads, place where four roads meet.

quadrum : a square.

quadruplator : an exaggerator, informer.

quadruplor : to be an informant.

quae que : (fem. sing. nom.) (the milkmaid), WHO loved a prince.

quae : (neut. plur. nom.) WHAT cannot be avoided must be endured.

quae : (neut. pl. acc.) those things WHICH we must have.

quae : (fem. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (women) WHO have ears to hear .

quaerito : to seek/look earnestly for.

quaero : quero : to seek, search for / ask, enquire, search for.

quaero : quero : to miss, want / seek to know / obtain, get.

quaero : to plan, search, procure.

quaero: to seek, search for, get, obtain.

quaesitio : quesitio : investigation, interrogation.

quaeso : queso : to seek for, ask for, beseech.

quaestio : questio : seeking, searching /inquiry, investigation.

quaestio : judicial investigation.

quaestuosus questuosus : profitable, fond of gain, rich.

quaestus questus : profit, a source of profit, gainiing, getting.

qualis : of what kind? of the kind that.

qualiscumque : of any kind whatever, any whatever.

qualislibet : of what sort you will.

qualitas : quality, property, nature.

qualiter : just as, in whatever manner/way.

quam plures : as many as possible.

quam : (fem. sing. acc.) (the church), WHICH the Lord loved.

quam : (adv. and conj.) how, than, as .. as possible.

quamdiu : such a long time.

quamobrem, quam ob rem : wherefore? why? for which reason.

quamobrem : for which reason, on which account, why.

quamquam : though, although.

quamquam : nevertheless, and yet (beginning a sentence)/ though.

quamtotius : ? completely, all.

quamvis : adv/conj, ever so much.

quamvis : (conj) however much, although/ as much as you like.

quando : (interr.) when si quando : if ever.

quandoque : adv, of one time or another.

quandoquidem : since, because.

quanti : for how much, at what price.

quanto : by how much (+ comp. adj. or adv.).

quantocius : quantotius : the sooner the better.

quantocius : quantotius : as quickly as possible.

quantum in me est : as much as in me lies.

quantum : how much?, how much!, as much as.

quantum : adv, regard to, as much as, the more, the greater.

quantum : (+ gen.) as much of .. as.

quantus : how great?, how great!, how much, as great as.

quantus .. quantus : as great as, as much as.

quantus : how great, as great as.

quantuscumque : quantacumque : quantumcumque : however great.

quantuslibet : as much as you will, as great as you will.

quantuvis : as great as you please, however great.

quapropter : wherefore.

quare : wherefore, why, because of which thing.

quartus : fourth.

quarum : (fem. pl. gen.) their envy and jealousy, OF WHICH we know.

quas : (fem. pl. acc.) the fates, against whom he struggled.

quasi : as if, just as, just as if, as it were /a sort of.

quassatio : a shaking.

quasso : to shake violently, shake to pieces, break, shatter.

quasso : to batter.

quatenus : in order that.

quatenus/quatinus : since, as, in order that, that.

quatenus : quatinus : how far, to what extent, where, seeing that.

quater : four times /again and again.

quattuor : four (indecl.).

quem : (masc. sing. acc.) (the man), WHOM the king struck.

quemadmodum : how? /just as, lust like.

quemadmodum : how, in what manner.

quendam : a certain (one, thing, someone).

queo : to be able.

quercetum : an oak grove, and oak forest.

quercus : oak tree.

querela : querella : complaint, complaining, accusation.

queribundus : complaining, plaintive, whining.

querimonia : complaint, accusation, a charge in court.

queritor : to complain excessively, whine, gripe.

quernus : oaken.

queror : to complain, lament, bewail (dogs) whine, whimper.

querulus : complaining, whining, lamenting.

questus : complaint, lament.

qui : quae : que : quod : which, what, that.

qui : (masc. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (men) WHO have eyes to see..

qui : (masc. neut. nom.) (the prince) WHO loved a milkmaid.

qui : (question) how? in what way? / somehow / wherewith.

quia : because.

quianam : why?.

quiane : why?.

quibus : (neut. pl. abl.) the arms WITH WHICH he won Rome.

quibus : (neut. pl. dat.) the crimes FOR WHICH he was executed.

quibus : (masc. pl. dat.) the monastery IN WHICH he was intered.

quibus : (masc. pl. abl.) his sons, BY WHOM he was attacked when old.

quibus : (fem. pl. abl.) the beards, BY WHICH the pirates were known.

quibus : (fem. pl. dat.) the good fortune, TO WHICH he owed his crown.

quicquid : whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.

quicum : with whom, with which.

quicumque : quaecumque : quodcumque : whatsoever, anything that.

quicumque : etc. : all that.

quicumque : etc, : any (one, thing, etc.) available.

quid : (question) what (thing)?.

quid : (+ genitive) how much? how many?.

quid ita : why so?.

quidam quaedam quedam quidam : a certain person or thing / a kind of.

quidem : indeed, certainly, at least/ ne .. quidem : not .. even.

quidem : adv, in truth, certainly, at least, indeed.

quidne : (question) why not?.

quies : quiet, rest, peace / a resting place / sleep / a dream.

quies : repose.

quiesco : to rest, sleep, be at ease / stop (doing something).

quiete : quietly, calmly.

quiete : calmly, undisputably.

quieto : to become calm.

quietus : resting, sleeping, undisturbed / neutral / quiet, calm.

quilibet : anyone, anything, whatever (or whomever) you like.

quin etiam : why even, in fact, moreover.

quin : but come now, rather, indeed,.

quin : (with verbs of hindering, etc.) “without + participle”.

quin etiam : yea, indeed.

quin : [+ subj.] rather, let, verily.

quinam quaenam quenam quodnam : which? what?.

quindeciens : fifteen times.

quingenti : five hundred.

quinquagesimus : fiftieth, a fiftieth part.

quinque : five.

quinquennis : five years old.

quinquiplico : (-are) to multiply by five.

quinymo quinimmo : no, rather.

quippe : certainly, to be sure, indeed, of course.

quiris : curis : a spear.

quiritatio : a scream, cry, shriek.

quirito : (-are) to scream, cry out.

quis : (question) who?, what?, which?.

quis : anyone, anybody, anything.

quislibet : anybody, whom you will, all, any.

quisnam, quidnam : who, what.

quispiam : anyone, anything / someone, something.

quisquam : anyone, anything.

quisque : each one, each person.

quisquiliae : quisquiliarum : rubbish, trash, garbage, refuse.

quisquis : whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.

quo : to which place, to what place, whither, where.

quo : (neut. sing. abl.) (the eagerness) THROUGH WHICH he died.

quo : (masc. sing. abl.) (the money) BY means of WHICH he lived.

quod : (neut. sing. acc.) (the sea), WHICH you cannot drink dry.

quod : (+ comparative) the x the better (quod celior = the faster the.

quod : (beginning sentence) and, but, now.

quod : (neut. sing. nom.) (the war), WHICH killed so many.

quod : (with time) since, as far as, to the extent that.

quod : because, whereas, the point that, the fact that.

quod sui juris est : what is one’s by right.

quodammodo : in a certain way, in a certain measure.

quomodo : in what manner, how/ in whatever way, somehow.

quondam : formerly, once, at one time, ertswhile.

quondam : former, one-time, deceased, late.

quoniam : since, whereas, because.

quoque : also, too.

quorum : (masc. pl. gen.) the army, half OF WHICH was ill.

quorum : (neut. pl. gen.) dangers, OF WHICH there were not a few.

quos : (masc. pl. acc.) those WHOM he accused of treachery.

quot : how many, as many (indecl.).

quotiens : often.

quotienscumque : however often.

quovis : to whatever place you will



rabidus : raging, crazy.

rabies : madness, fury, frenzy.

rabies : frenzy.

rabiose : savagely, furiously.

radicitus : by the roots, utterly.

radio : beam.

radix : source, root, foundation.

rapina : ravishment, rapine, robbery.

rapio : rapui : ratum : to seize, snatch, carry away.

rapio : to ravish, steal, rob.

raptor : ravisher, thief.

rare : thinly, rarely, uncommonly.

rarus : rare, uncommon /far apart /thin, scanty.

ratio : system, manner, method, procedure, manner.

ratio : reckoning, account /reason, judgment, consideration.

ratio : procedure, theory.

rationabiliter : reasonably.

ratis : vessel.

re vera : in truth.

rebellis : rebellious, rebels.

rebello : to wage war against, rebel.

reboare : to resound like celestial thunder.

recedentia : retreat, ebbing, disappearance / distant, far.

recedo : retire, withdraw.

recedo : to go back, retreat, retire, disappear.

recedo : to fall back, pass away, depart.

recenseo : to recount, review.

recessus : a going back, retreat /place of retreat, quiet place.

recidivus : returning, restored, rebuilt.

recipero : to receive, accept, withdraw, take back.

recipero : to regain, revive, restore.

recipio : recepi : receptum : to go back, retire, recede, retreat.

reciproca : reverberating.

recito : to read aloud, recite.

recognosco : to recognize, recollect, recall.

recolitus : venerable, honorable, worshipful.

recolligo : gather, regather, flock together.

recolo : to recall, reflect upon, rework, resume, rehabilitate.

recolo : to cultivate, work again, resume, rehabilitate.

recolo : to consider, recall, comtemplate.

reconcilio : to restore, repair / (of persons) unite, reconcile.

recondo : lay up, store, hoard.

recoquo : recast.

recordatio : recollection, memory, recall.

recordo : to be mindful of, recollect .

recordor : to remember, think of, recollect, ponder over.

recreo : to revive.

recro : to recreate, restore, revive.

rector : guider, leader, director, ruler, master.

rectum : virtue, right.

rectus : right, correct, proper, upright, natural, plain.

rectus : straight, appropriate.

recubo : to recline, lie.

recuperatio : recovery, recuperation.

recupero : to regain, recoup, recover.

recuso : to refuse, decline, reject, be unwilling.

recuso : to refuse.

redarguo : disprove, refute. with gen. prove guilty, convict.

redarguo : to confute.

reddo : to give back, restore, return /answer, translate, render.

reddo : to repeat, recite, represent, imitate, pay up, deliver.

reddo : to impart, render, return, hand over, surrender.

redemptio : ransoming, redemption, buying back, farming taxes.

redemptor : redeemer (Christ).

redeo : to go back, come back, return /(revenue) to come in.

redeo : to be reduced to, fall back upon.

redeo : to fall back upon, be reduced to, be brought to.

redigo :(redactum) to bring or reduce to a condition, lessen.

redigo : to bring back, make, reduce.

redimio : to crown, bind around, encircle, surround.

redimo : to redeem, ransom, buy back /hire, buy, procure.

redintegro : to repair, fix, restore.

reditus : return /income, revenue /reward.

redivivus : rennovated, reconstructed, rebuilt /recycled.

redomo : to break, tame [again].

redono : to give back, give up.

reduco : to lead back, bring back, return.

redundantia : overflowing, redundancy.

redundo : to overflow, stream over, overflow, excess, flood.

redux : one brought back from imprisonment.

refectorium : refectory, monastic mess hall.

refer : to recount, recite, announce, allege, report, reply.

refercio : to stuff, cram.

refero : to bring as expected, pay up, deliver.

refero : to say back, reply, answer.

refero : to carry back, bring back, return.

refero : retuli : relatum : to bring back a message, refer.

refero : to put down, enter (in a register) /assign to a cause.

refero : to bring again, restore, repeat, echo, reproduce, recall.

refert : (impersonal) it concerns, it makes a difference.

refertus : stuffed, crammed.

reficio : to repair, fill.

reformo : to form again, re-establish, mould anew.

refoveo : to cherish again, refresh, warm.

refragatio : resistance.

refreno : to check, rein in.

refrigerium : consolation.

refugium : refuge.

refulgo : to shine brightly.

refundo : to infuse.

refuto : to repel, repress, oppose.

regalis : of a king, royal, regal.

regenero : to be born again.

regimen : rule, guidance.

regina : queen.

regio : region.

regius : royal, regal.

regno : to reign, rule, predominate.

regnum : rule, authority, kingdom, realm.

rego : rexi : rectum : to guide, govern, direct, to rule.

regredior : to march back, retreat, return.

regressus : retreat.

regula : rule / monastic rule.

relatio : to report.

relatus : recital, report.

relaxo : to loosen, enlarge, relax, ease, lighten.

relego : relegi : relectum : to read again, re-read.

relevo : to lift again, lighten, alleviate, relieve.

relictus : someone having inherited, been bequeathed.

relictus : left behind.

religio : fear of God, way of life, esp of monks/nuns.

religiosus : god-fearing.

relinquo : to leave behind, bequeath/abandon, forsake.

reliquum : remainder, what is left, leavings.

relucesco : to become bright again.

reluctor : to struggle against, resist.

remandatum : reply.

remando : to notify in return, send back word, respond.

remaneo : to remain behind, stay, continue.

rememdium : cure, remedy, nostrum, medicine.

remeo : to return home, return.

remigium : oar, rowing.

reminiscor : to recall.

remitto : to forgive, send back.

removeo : to draw back, set aside, take away.

remuneror : to repay, reward.

remuneror : to repay.

remunio : to refortify.

reniteo : to flash.

renovatio : renewal, renovation, restoration.

renovo : to revive, renew, restore, repair, repeat.

renuntio : to declare, announce, report, give notice.

renuo : to deny, refuse, reject.

reor : to think, suppose, decide.

reparo : to restore, renew, make good /buy, purchase, obtain in trade.

repecto : to comb back.

repedo : to go back.

repello : to drive back, repel.

rependo : to ransom, pay back, requite.

repens : sudden, unexpected, fresh, recent.

repente : suddenly, unexpectedly.

repentina : sudden, unexpected.

repere : to crawl.

reperio : to get again, find, ascertain, invent, find again.

reperio : to meet with, devise, hit upon, discover, find.

repetitio : repetition.

repeto : to fall upon again, repeat, demand repeatedly, return.

repeto : to seek again, ask back, recommence.

repeto : to return to, begin again, deduce, recall, recollect.

repleo : to replenish, fill up, fill up again, fill, satisfy.

repletus : filled, full.

replico : to reflect upon, withdraw.

repo : repsi : reptum : to creep, crawl.

repono : to deposit, lay up, store / requite.

repraesento : to display, hurry on.

reprehendo : to blame, reprove, refute, hold back, check, catch.

reproba : -ae, false.

reprobabilis : comtemptible.

reprobo : reject, disaprove, condemn.

repromitto : to promise in return, promise again.

repugno : to make resistance.

repungo : to prick, goad.

repuo : to reject.

reputo : to reckon, reflect upon, impute, think, judge.

reputo : to believe, suppose.

requies : repose.

requietum : repose, rest.

requiro : to ask for, look for, demand, desire, miss.

requiro : to seek, hunt for.

res rei : thing, matter, busines, affair.

res publica : commonwealth, state, republic, public business.

res : thing, object, being, matter, affair, event, fact, circumstance.

res: occurrence, deed, condition, case.

resarcio : to repair, mend, patch.

reseco : to cut back, cut short, diminish.

reseco : to cut loose, intransitive : to depart.

resero : to reveal.

reservo : keep back, hold back, reserve /keep, preserve.

resideo : to abide, be left behind, sit up.

resipisco : to recover one’s senses, become reasonable.

resisto : to resist, halt, withstand, make a stand, oppose.

resisto : to resist, halt, withstand.

resolvo : to enfeeble.

resono : to resound, [+ acc] make resound with,.

resonus : resounding.

respectus : regard.

respergo : [resperi, respersum] to sprinkle, splash.

respicio : to look back, provide for, respect, have regard for.

respicio : to turn attention to.

respiratio : respiration, exhalation.

respiro : to breathe /breathe again /recover /decline, diminish, ebb.

respondeo : respondi : responsum : to answer, reply, respond.

responsal : deputy, representative.

responsiva : a written reply, answering letter.

respublica : state.

respuo : to refuse, cast off, reject.

restauro : to restore.

restio : rope-maker.

restituo : restore, put back, replace, reinstate, repair.

restruo : to restore.

resumo : to recover, renew, repeat, resume.

resupinus : lying on one’s back.

resurrectio : f, resurection, awakening, renewal.

retardo : to impede, slow down, obstruct.

retendo : to slacken, unbend, become flexible.

retineo : to hold back, restrain, detain, keep, maintain.

retineo : to remember, not let go, keep, affirm.

retracto : to reconsider, undertake again.

retraho : retraxi : retractum : to draw back, pull back.

retribuo : to give again, give as due.

retrogradior : to go backwards.

retrudo : to thrust back.

retundo : to check.

reus : defendant, accused, answerable, bound.

reus : culprit.

revello : to violate, pluck away.

revenio : to come back, return.

revera : in reality.

reverbero : to repel.

reverens : reverent.

reverenter : with awe, respectfully.

reverentia : awe, reverence.

revereor : to stand in awe.

reverto : to go back, return, revert.

revertor : reverti : reversus : to return, come back.

revoco : to call back, recover, refer, revoke.

revolvo : to unroll a book, go over again, repeat.

revolvo : to reflect upon, brood.

rex regis : king.

rhetor : rhetorician, teacher of rhetoric.

rhetor : orator.

rhetoricus : rhetorical.

rideo risi risum : to laugh at, laugh.

ridiculum : n, ridiculous.

ridiculus : facetious, laughable.

riginta : (indecl.) thirty.

rigor : stiffness, hardness, sterness.

rimor : to examine, explore, investigate, root up.

risus : laughter.

rite : duly.

ritus : ritual, usage, ceremony, rite.

rixa, rixatio : quarrel.

rixor : to wrangle.


robur : strength.

robustus : hardy, robust.

rogo eum ut +subjunctive : to ask someone to do something.

rogo : to ask, ask for.

ros : moisture.

rostrum : bill of a bird, beak.

rota : wheel.

roto : to turn round like a wheel, rotate, turn, go around.

Rotomagense : Rouen.

rotundus : wheel-shaped, round.

rubor : redeness, blush, modesty, shame, disgrace.

rudimentum : trial, attempt, essay.

rudis : clumsy, rude, raw, rough, uncultivated.

rudo : to bellow, roar.

rufus : red, ruddy.

ruga : a wrinkle.

rugio : rumble.

ruina : downfall, destruction.

ruinosus : falling down, going to ruin.

rumex : sorrel.

rumino : to chew the cud, ruminate.

ruminor : to ruminate upon.

rumor : hearsay, rumor, gossip.

rumpo : rumpi : rumpus : to break, shatter, interrupt.

rumpo : to rupture, annull, violate.

runa : a dart.

runco : to thin out, weed, cull.

ruo : rui : rutum : to rush, fall, be ruined.

ruo : to rush, tumble down.

rursus : on the other hand, in return, back, again.

rus : ruris : the country, countryside, rural area.

rustice : (adv) boorishly, in a peasant manner.

rusticus : rustic, rural /peasant.

ruta : bitterness, unpleasantness, the herb rue.

rutila : a spade, shovel.

rutilus : red, golden, auburn.



sabbatum : sabbath.

sacculus : purse, little bag, little sack.

sacer : sacred, accursed.

sacramentum : oath, sacraments, sacred rites.

sacrificum : sacrifice.

sacrilegus : sacrilegious, impious.

saecula saeculorum: to all eternity, without end, lifetime, age.

saepe : sepe : hedge, fence, enclosure, haye.

saepe : sepe : often, frequently, repeatedly.

saepenumero : repeated, again and again.

saepius sepius : often, frequently, repeatedly.

saeptum : enclosure.

saepio : to hedge in.

saeta equina : horse-hair.

saeta : hair.

saevio : to rage, be furious, take violent action.

saevio : to vent one’s rage, rage.

saevus : furious.

sagaciter : wisely, accurately, sagaciously.

sagino : to fatten.

sal : salis : salt, wit.

salsus : salty, witty.

saltem : at least, at all events.

saltem : adv, at least.

salubris : advantageous.

salubriter : advantageously.

salus : health, safety, well-being, salvation /salutation.

salus : safety, help or assistance/ health, wellness, wholeness.

salutifer : salvation-giving.

saluto : to wish well, greet, visit, reverence, pay respect to.

salutor : visitor, caller.

salveo : to be well, be in good health.

salveo : to be well.

salvifico : salvo : save, except for.

salvus : unhurt, safe, sound.

sanctifico : to sanctify, make holy.

sanctimonia : purity, charity, virtue, sanctity, sacredness.

sanctimonia : moral purity.

sanctimonialis : nun, sister.

sanctio : ratification, saction, ordinance.

sanctio : to ratify, hallow, render inviolable or irrevocable.

Sanctus Rodoenus : St. Ouen.

Sanctus Eleutherius : St. Eligius.

Sanctus Egidius : St. Gilles.

sanctus : holy, sacred, /saint.

sane : (adverb) rationally, soberly /really, indeed.

sane : rationally, sensibly, really, indeed, to be sure.

sanitas : health, soundness of mend, sanity.

sanna : mocking grimace, mockery.

sano : to heal.

Santiago : st. james.

sanus : sound, healthy, sane.

sapiens : wise, judicious.

sapiens : (subs.) a wise man, philosopher.

sapienter : wisely, judiciously.

sapientia : wisdom.

sapio : to discern, know.

sapor : taste, elegance.

Sarcalogos : Christ, the word incarnate.

sarcina : bundle, pack, burden, load.

satago : to pay a creditor, satisfy a creditor.

satago : have one’s hands full, have enough to do.

satago : to bustle about.

satellites : armed retainers, retinue.

satio : to satisfy, sate.

satis : enough, sufficient /sufficiently.

sato : to sow, plant.

sator : planter, father, creator.

satraps : viceroy, governor, ruler.

satura : satire.

saturo : to fill, satisfy.

satus : origin, start, beginning /planting, sowing.

saxum : large stone.

scaber : scabby, rough.

scabies : the itch, mange, a rash.

scabrosus : scabrous, rough.

scaccarium : chessboard, game of chess. .

scaena, scena : stage or tent, even foliage.

Scaldus : Scheldt.

scamnum : bench, stool.

scandalum : stumbling-block, quarrel.

scando : to ascend, board.

scaphium (sciphus : Herimann, cap. 24) pot, bowl, drinking vessel.

scapulare : sword-belt.

scapulus : the shoulder.

scelerata : accursed, miscreant.

sceleratus : scelero : to pollute with guilt, with blood, etc.

scelestus : wicked, accursed, infamous, criminal.

scelus : crime, sin, evil deed, wickedness.

scelus : accursed deed, wickedness, calamity.

sceptrum : rule, authority, royal staff.

schema : rhetorical figure, shape.

schola : school /elite troop of soldiers.

scholasticus : scholar, learned one, schoolboy.

scientia : knowledge, science, skill.

scientia : knowledge.

scilicet : rightly, it is just.

scilicet : evidently, certainly, of course, no doubt, assuredly.

scilicet : namely, that is to say.

scindo : to cut, rend, split/divide, separate.

scio : to know, understand.

sciscitor : to ask.

scisco : investigate, ask, inquire/ vote, ordain, resolve.

scisco : to ascertain.

scitus : ordinance.

scius : discerning.

scopae : broom.

scribo, scripsi scriptum : to write, compose.

scrinium : bookcase, case for papers.

scrinium : chest.

scriptor : writer, author, scribe.

scrupulosa : intricate, thorny.

scrupulositas : rough spot, jagged edge.

sculpta : engraved.

scutulatus : diamond-shaped, shield-bearing.

scutum : oblong shield.

se habere : to keep oneself.

se gero : to conduct oneself, conduct, carry on.

se astringo : to commit oneself to.

se teneo : stay.

secedo : to go apart, withdraw.

secedo : to withdraw.

secerno secrevi secretum : to separate.

secessus : solitary retreat.

secludo : to shut out.

seco : to settle (as to settle an argument).

seco : secui : sectum : to cut, hurt, wound, amputate, divide, part.

seco : to fly or cut through.

secretarius : privy counsellor.

secretum : secret, solitary, private, retired, secret conversation.

sectator: sector : pursuer, hunter, suiter.

secundum : accordingly, in an accordance with.

secundum : (adv.) after, behind.

secundum : (+ inf.), following, after, during, according to.

secundus : second.

securis : axe, hatchet, battle-axe.

securitas :* guarantee of safety, surety, guarantor.

securus : safe, secure, free from care, unworried, unconcerned.

securus : [+ gen] untroubled by, easy, at ease.

securus : [+ abl.] free from, alone, safe.

secus + atque or quam : differently from, otherwise than.

secus : wrongly, badly, not as one would wish.

secus : otherwise, not so.

secus : non secus, haud secus: just so.

secuutus : follower, pursuer.

sed : but/ and indeed, what is more.

sedatus : calmed, settled, checked.

sedeo : to sit.

sedeo : to settle down, reside.

sedes : residence, throne, temple.

seditio : dissension, quarrel, insurrection, mutiny, rising.

seditio : sedition.

sedo : to settle, smooth, calm, allay.

seductor : seducer.

sedulus : zealous.

sedulo : zealously.

seges : wheatfield, wheat crop, field of wheat.

segnis : sluggish.

sem : prefix meaning half-.

semel : a single time, for the first time, even once, once, ever.

semen : seed, kin.

semestris : six months.

seminarium : warm-frame, seed-bed.

semino : to plant, breed, produce, give rise to.

semita : by-way, path, foot-path, track.

semotus : distant, isolated, removed.

semoveo : to remove, set apart, isolate, separate, set aside.

semper : always, ever.

sempiterna : eternal.

senectus : old age, dotage.

seneo : to be old, aged.

senesco : to grow old, to grow aged, to mature, wear out.

senex : senis : old, aged, old man.

senilis : an old man, aged man.

senior : lord, elder.

senipes : steed.

senium : old age, dotage/ decay, decline, deterioration.

senium : gloom, melancholy.

sensa : thoughts, teachings.

sensilis : sensitive.

sensim : slowly, bit by bit, gradually, by degrees.

sensus : feeling, sense, understanding.

sententia : sentiment, opinion, decision, saying.

sententia : opinion, thought, way of thinking, meaning, purpose.

sententiosus : sententious.

sentina : dregs, rabble.

sentio : to feel, judge, suppose, vote.

sentio : to perceive, experience, hold an opinion,.

sentus : neglected, dilapidated.

seorsum : apart, separately.

sepelio : to ruin, destroy/ inter, bury.

sepes : fence.

sepono : sequester, banish.

seposita : distant.

septem : seven.

septiformus : sevenfold.

sepulchrum : grave, tomb, sepulcher.

sepulcrum : tomb.

sepultura : burial.

seputus : buried, sunk, immersed.

sequax : following, attending, attendant, pursuing.

sequor : to follow, trail.

sereno : to make clear, serene, make calm.

serenus : serene.

series : sequence.

serio : seriously.

serius : serious, grave, solemn.

sermo : discussion, speech.

sermo : talk, common talk, conversation, rumor.

sermocinare : to talk to oneself.

sermocinatio : disputation.

sero : to sow, plant.

sero : at a late hour, late.

sero : to beget.

servio : (+ dat.) to be a slave to, serve.

servitium : payment of dues, military service, service.

servitus : servitude, slavery.

servo : to watch over, keep, protect, observe, save, reserve.

servo : to preserve, serve, guard.

servus : servant, slave, serf.

servus scandali : quarrelsome servant.

sese : himself, herself, itself, =se.

sesqui : one and a half times.

sesquialter : once and a half.

sesquimellesimus : 1500th.

sesquioctavus : containing nine eighths.

sesquitertia : one and a third.

sessio : sitting down, loitering, hanging around /chair, seat.

seu : conj : or if..,.

severitas : severity, rigor, sternness, strictness.

severiter : harshly.

severus : stern, harsh.

sexaginta : sixty.

si : if.

sibimet : to them themselves.

sic : so, thus /yes, that is so, that is right.

sicco : -are, to dry up, out.

siccus : dry, thirsty/ sober, temperate.

Siclinium : Seclin.

sicut : as, just as, as it were, (+verb in subj.) just as if.

sidereus : heavenly, starry.

sidus : constellation, star.

sigillum : seal, sign.

signum : signal, miraculous works.

signum : seal, indication, sign/ mark /token.

silens : silent, still.

silenti etc : the dead.

silentio : to [+ acc.] to keep silent , to silence.

silentium : silence, stillness, quiet, repose, obscurity.

sileo : to be still, silent/ (+ acc.) be silent about / rest.

silex : silicis (med. cilicis) : hard stone, sharp, rock, flint.

siligo : siliginis : wheat, wheat flour.

silva : woods, forest, grove.

similis : like, similar, resembling.

similis : similar, like, resembling.

similitudo : likeness, resemblance/ uniformity.

simplex : simple, unaffected.

simul : at once, at the same time, together.

simul : together.

simul atque : as soon as.

simulatio : shamming.

simulatio : pretense,.

simulator : hypocrite.

simulatus : counterfeit.

simulo : to pretend, sham.

simultas : sham, artifice.

sincerus : genuine.

sine : (+ abl.) without.

singularis : alone of its kind, solitary /machless, unique. .

singularis : alone. .

singulariter : adv, one by one, exceedingly, especialy.

singuli : one each, one apiece, single, separate.

singultim : stammeringly.

singulto : to sob.

singultus : sobbing.

singultus : sobbing, gasping, death rattle.

singulus : single, separate, one at a time, one each.

sino : allow, suffer, permit, let.

sino : to allow, leave undone.

sinus : curve, fold, bend /pocket, lap /bay, gulf.

sinus : inner feeling, secret heart.

siquidem : since, indeed.

sis : (=si vis) if you wish, are willing, want, prefer.

sis : (2nd person present subjunctive of sum) you may be.

sisto : to check.

sitiens : thirsting for.

sitio : to be thirsty.

sitis : thirst, dryness, drought, eager desire.

situs : region, idleness, inactivity.

sive seu : or if.

sive : conj, on the one hand, but if, if..or if.

slowness, apathy, sluggishness.

socer : father in law.

societas : fellowship.

socius : sharing, associated, allied.

socius : partner, comrade, associate, ally, fellow.

socius-i : m, companion.

socors : slothful.

socus : plowshare.

sodalitas : fellowship, companionship, secret society.

sodes : prithee.

sol solis : sun.

solacium : help, support, military aid.

solamen : relief.

solator : supporter, solacer.

solemnis : festive.

solemnitas : festival.

soleo : to to be wont.

soleo : to be accustomed, be used to.

solers : ingenious, adroit, skilled, ready, well-disposed.

solidus : whole, safe.

solio : ? Herimann, cap. 28.

solitas : lonliness, solitude, being alone.

solito : [+ comp. adj.] more than usually

solito : to be accustomed to, have the habit of, make a practice of.

solitudo : desert, isolation,loneliness, solitude.

solitus : accustomed, usual, habitual, ordinary, customary.

solium : chair of state, throne / bath-tub.

sollers : clever, skillful.

sollertia : ingenuity.

sollicite : anxiously, worriedly.

sollicito : to concern oneself about the future or about others.

sollicito : to stir up, incite, arouse.

sollicitudo : concern, solicitude, worry.

sollicitudo : uneasiness, anxiety, disquiet, apprehension.

sollicitus : uneasy, worried, anxious, restless, agitated.

sollicitus : troubled, anxious, concerned, worried.

solor : solace, support.

solum : land, country, soil, ground/ bottom, floor, foundation.

solum : (adv) alone, only.

solum : non solum .. sed etiam: not only .. but also.

solus : alone, only, the only.

solutio : loosening /payment /solution /explanation.

solvo : to loosen, untie, release, free, dissolve, break up.

somes : body, remains, corpse, book, treatise.


somniculose : sleepily, drowsily.

somniculose : sleepily, drowsily.

somniculosus : sleepy, drowsy.

somniculosus : sleepy, drowsy.

somnio : to dream /+ acc.to imagine foolishly.

somnio : to dream /(+ acc.) to dream of, imagine foolishly.

somnium : a dream, fancy /foolish nonesense.

somnium : dream, fancy, day-dream /foolishness, nonsense.

somnus : sleep.

sonitus : noise, sound.

sono : to make a noise /sing /celebrate/ (of words) to mean.

sono : to cry out, utter.

sophisma : sophism.

sophismata : falso conclusions, logical fallacies.

sopor : deep sleep.

soporo : to still.

sordeo : to be dirty, appear vile.

sordes : filth, meanness, stinginess.

sordesco : to become dirty.

sors : lot, allotment, share, fortune.

sortilegus : soothsayer.

sortitus : casting lots, deciding by lot.

sospes : unharmed, safe and sound.

sospitas : health.

spargo : sparsi : sparsum : scatter, strew, spread.

spargo : to scatter, hurl.

spatior : to stoll, walk around, take a walk, amble.

spatiosus : ample.

spatium : interval.

specialis : secret, confidential /initimate or special friend.

specialissimus : very strange, peculiar, individual.

specialitas : special friendship /peculiarity.

specialitas : special quality /speciality.

species : mien, splendor, quality.

specimen : ideal.

speciosus : beautiful, handsome, imposing / specious plausible.

spectaculum : spectacle, show.

specto : to look at, watch, see/aim at, tend towards.

specto : to behold, regard, await, expect.

speculatio : observation.

speculum : mirror.

specus : cave, cavern, grotto, den.

spensa : storehouse.

spera : (n.pl.) hopes.

sperma : seed, semen, sperm.

sperno sprevi spretum : to scorn, despise, spurn.

sperno : to scorn.

spero : to hope.

spero : to hope for, hope.

spes : hope.

spiculum : arrow.

spiculum : sharp point, sting, spear, dart.

spiritus : breath, breathing /life /spirit.

spiro : to blow.

splendens : brilliant.

splendeo : to gleam.

splendidus : splendid, magnificent.

spoliatio : plundering, looting, stripping, robbing.

spolio : to strip, plunder, despoil, rob, loot.

spolium : spoils, plunder, booty.

spondeo : to betroth, promise, pledge.

sponsalia : betrothal gift.

sponte : willingly, of one’s own accord, unaided.

spurcamen : filth.

spurcus : filthy.

squalor : foulness.

St. Richarius : St. Riquier.

stabilis : firm, stable, steadfast.

stabilitas : steadfastness, firmness, stability, durability.

Stabulaus : Stavelot.

statim : instantly, immediately.

statim : firmly, steadfastly, on the spot, at once.

statio : assembly.

statua : statue, image.

statuo : to hold, to establish.

statuo : to give a ruling, make an arrangment, decide.

statuo : to cause to stand, establish, place, set up.

status : stage.

statutum tempus :* appointed, established.

stella : star.

stelliger : starry.

stemma : garland, pedigree.

sterilis : barren, useless, unproductive, vain/ + gen., deprived of.

sterno : to throw to the ground.

stilla : a drop (of liquid).

stillicidium : dripping moisture, rainwater from the eaves.

stilus : a pike, pale /a stylus for writing /writing.

stimulo : goad.

stimulus : incentive.

stipatio : a crowd of attendants, a following.

stipator : an attendant of a nobleman.

stipatores : following, retinue, attendants, bodguard.

stipes : log, stump, tree trunk, branch, post, club.

stipo : to compress /to press around, gather around /attend (a person).

stips : stipis : small coin, gift.

sto : steti : statum : to stand, stand still, stand firm.

sto : to stand one’s ground, stand upright.

stolide : stupidly.

stolidus : slow of mind, stolid.

stolidus : dull, obtuse, dull-witted, dumb.

stomachata : vexed at, irritated with, fume.

strages : massacre, bloodbath, carnage /debris.

strenuus : brisk, active, vigorous/ turbulent, restive.

strenue : actively.

strepitus : din.

stringo : to reduce, inhibit, diminish, narrow.

strues : piles, heaps, masses.

struo : to devise, fit out.

studeo : to be diligent, strive after.

studio : (+ dat.) to study, pursue eagerly, be eager for.

studiose : eagerly.

studiosus : zealous.

studium : eagerness, zeal.

stulte: foolishly.

stultus : foolish /a fool.

stupefactus : stunned.

stupendum : astounding.

stupeo : to be astounded.

stupidus : struck senseless.

stupor : astonishment.

stupro : to ravish.

stuprum : debauchery.

suadeo : to recommend, advise (a person).

suadeo : [+ dat] to speak in favor of.

suasoria : persuasive discourse.

suavis : agreeable.

sub : (+ acc. or dat.) under, up under, close to, beneath, below.

subactus : subjected.

subaudio : hear a little.

subcribo : to write beneath, sign /prosecute,.

subcriptio : subscription, signature / register.

subdido : to subject.

subditus : subject.

subdo : subjugate, subject.

subdo : subdidi : subditum : to subject to.

subdolus : sly.

subduco : to take away by stealth.

subeo : to [stealthily] approach, submit to.

subicio : to subordinate.

subiecto : to put down, to put under.

subigo : to [-egi, -actus] put down, conquer, compel.

subinfero : to add.

subito : adv. suddenly, unexpectedly.

subitus : sudden, unexpected.

subiungo : to yoke beneath, join, attach, subdue, subjugate.

subjectio : forgery, falsehood.

subjungo : to join, yoke.

subligo : to bind below, bind on.

sublime : on high, aloft.

sublimis : lofty, raised, elevated, sublime.

sublimitas : loftiness, height, elevation, sublimity.

sublimiter : loftily.

sublimo : to exalt.

subluceo : to gleam faintly, glimmer, glow.

subluo : to wash beneath /(rivers) flow beneath.

sublustris : faintly glimmering, faintly gleaming.

subnascor : to grow out of.

subnecto : to bind on beneath, to tie.

subnecto : to bind.

subnego : faintly deny, partially refuse.

subnixus subnisus : propped up, supported.

subnixus : relying on, supported by.

subnoto : to mark beneath, notice secretly, write underneath.

subnuba : a rival.

subnubilus : partly cloudy, somewhat cloudy.

subo : to be in heat.

subobscenus : risque, faintly obscene.

subobscurus : somewhat obscure.

subodiosus : rather unpleasant.

suboleo : (3 persons only) to give off a smell/ to make onself noticed.

suboles : shoot, sprout, offspring, progeny.

suboles : offspring, offshoot.

subolesco : to grow up, mature.

suborior : to arise in succession.

suborno : to furnish, equip, provide /instigate secretly, suborn.

subrepo surrepo : to creep up or crawl up from below.

subrideo subrisi subrisum : to smile.

subrigo, subrexi subrectum : to raise up, elevate.

subringor : to make a face.

subruo subruti subrutum : to undermine, overhtrow, destroy.

subsannatio : mockery.

subsanno : to mock.

subscalpo : to needle.

subseco : to cut away, pare.

subsentio : to notice secretly.

subsequens : P.P. of sequor, ensuing, following.

subsequor : to follow after.

subservio : to be subject to, comply with.

subsidarius : in reserve.

subsidium : reserve troops, auxiliary troops.

subsidium : support, help, assistance.

subsido : to crouch down, settle, sink, subside.

subsido : stay remain /lie in ambush.

subsilio : toleap up, spring up.

subsisto : to stand, withstand /stop, halt, cease /stay, remain.

subsisto : to be there.

substantia : substance, essence, means of subsistence, property.

substerno : to spread out beneath, lay under, set out, provide.

substo : to stand form.

substrictus : narrow, contracted, small.

substringo : to draw together, bind up.

substructio : base, foundation.

substruo : to build beneath, lay a foundation.

subsulto : to spring up, leap up.

subsum subesse : to be near, close at hand, be under, be subject.

subter supter : below, beneath, underneath.

subterfugio : to escape.

subterlabor : to glide away, flow under, slip away, escape.

subtilis : precise.

subtilitas : precision.

subtraho : to carry off by stealth.

subveho : to carry, esp carry upstream.

subvenio : to come up to aid, relieve.

subvenio : to come to the aid, succor, relieve, help, assist.

subvenio : to come to [in adiutorium] to ones assistance, succor.

subversio : to overthrow.

subvertio : to destroy, overthrow.

subverto : to overturn, destroy. .

succedo : to approach, submit, etc. etc.

succendo : to kindle, set afire from below.

succenseo : to be irritated.

successio : succeeding, succession, descent, descendant.

successio : succession.

succresco : to grow up after.

succumbo : to surrender.

succurro : to run up under /aid, assist, help.

succurro : to assist.

sudo : to toil. labor, sweat.

suetus : [+ inf] accustomed to.

sufficiens : adequate, affluent, availing.

sufficientia : affluence, sufficiency.

sufficio : to be sufficient, suffice, be enough.

sufficio : to be affluent, avail for, to afford, supply, furnish with.

sufficienter : affluently, adequately.

suffoco : to strangle, choke, suffocate.

suffoco : to choke, stifle.

suffragium : vote, franchise /approval support, aid, assistance.

suffragium : succor, support aid, incitement, maintenance, resource,.

suffragium : intercession by saint with god, church province.

suffrago : to support.

suffulcio : to prop up, bolstered.

suffusus : imbued.

suggero : to bring up, supply, provide, add, attach. place next.

suggero : to excite, prompt, suggest, assign, bring to mind, offer.

suggestus : platform, raised place.

sui : himself, herself, itself.

sui juris : one’s own master.

sulum : each, every.

sum fui futurus : to be, exist.

summa : the highest part /whole, sum.

summisse : humbly, softly, calmly, modestly.

summissus (from summitto) : let down, lowered, gentle, mild.

summittere : to lower.

summitto : to let down, lower /subject, subordinate.

summitto : to send as help /to send secretly.

summitto : (se) to condescend, submit /raise, rear, make grow.

summoneo : to give a hint.

summopere : very much, exceedingly.

summopere : very much.

sumo : to take, choose, obtain, buy./ take for granted, assume.

sumo : to choose, take up, apply, employ.

sumptus : expense, cost.

sumptus : expenses.

suo : to stitch, join.

supellectilis : household furniture, goods.

supellex : supellectilis : furniture, apparatus, gear.

super : (prep.) (+ abl.) over, above /concerning, about, besides.

super : (adv.) over, above, besides, beyond, moreover, remaining.

superabundo-avi : to be very abundant.

superbia : pride, arrogance.

superbiens : arrogant, domineering.

superbus : overbearing, arrogant, haughty, proud.

supercilium : haughtiness.

superficies : surface, top.

superfluo : flow over, overflow, be superfluous.

supergredior : to step over.

supermitto : to pour upon.

superna : northeast by north wind.

superna : supernal.

superne : from above, above.

supernus : above, superior.

supero : to be above, have the upper hand, surpass, conquer, overcome.

supero : to vanquish, outstrip.

supersilium : haughtiness.

superstes : survivor of another’s death.

superstes : surviving, present, standing.

supersto : to survive.

supersum : to be superfluous, to remain.

superus superior supremus or summus : above, upper, high.

superus : higher.

supervacuus : superfluous, unnecessary, extra.

supervenio : to arrive, come up, arrive unexpectedly.

supervenio : to overtake, arrive.

supparum : garment.

suppedito : to give in abundance.

suppellex : suppellectilus : household articles, furniture, goods.

suppellex : suppellectilus : ornaments.

supplanto : to trip up.

supplex : kneeling, entreating, suppliant.

supplex : [a] suppliant.

suppliciter : supplicatingly.

supplicium : punishment.

supplicium : torment.

suppono subpono : to put in place of, substitute, forge.

suppono subpono : to put under, subject /put next to, add.

supra : (+ acc.) above.

surculus : shoot, sprout.

surgo surrexi surrectum : to get up , arise.

surgo : to arise.

surrideo : to smile.

surripio : to pilfer.

surrogo : to to put in another’s place.

sursum deorsum : up and down.

sursum : upwards.

sus : swine, pig, hog.

susceptor : guardian.

suscipere : to undergo, receive, take up, sponsorship at baptism.

suscipio : take up, support, raise /accept /undertake, begin.

suscipio : to raise up, maintain, support, accept, receive, undertake.

suscitatio : -onis : f, rekindling, awakening.

suscito : to stir up, arouse, excite.

suscriptor : the signer of a document_

susicivus : left over, to spare, extra, superfluous.

suspectus : suspected.

suspendo : to suspend, hang.

suspendo : to vault.

suspicio : to look upward at, esteem, respect /to suspect.

suspicor : to suppose.

suspiro : to sigh, draw a deep breath /long for, yearn after.

sustento : to maintain, sustain.

sustineo : to hold up, sustain, endure.

sustituo : to put next, put under, put in place of.

susurro : to whisper, buzz.

suus : sua : suum : (refl. poss. adj.) his, her, its, their own.

synagoga : synagogue.

syrma : sirma : sealed charter, train, skirt-tails, garment-tails.



tabella : writing tablet.

tabellae : letter, document_

tabernus : booth, hut, cottage, hove, small shop, inn, tavern.

tabesco : to melt, waste away, pine, be spoiled.

tabgo tetigi tactum : to touch.

tabidus : melted away/ melting away.

tabula : board, plank, gaming board, painted panel.

taceo : to be silent, say nothing, pass over.

taceo tacuitacitum : to be silent, leave unmentioned.

tactus : sense of feeling, touch.

taeda : pitch-pine torch.

taedet se : to be disgusted at.

taedium, tedium : disgust, weariness, boredom.

taeter : loathsome.

talarius : having to do with dice or dice-playing.

talea : rod, stick, stake, bar /cutting, slip.

talentum : pound, talent, endowment, aptitude.

talio : retribution.

talio : retaliation in kind.

talio reddo : to return like for like, retaliate.

talis : of such a kind, such.

talus : the ankle, ankle bone.

tam : to such a degree, so, so far.

tam : adv, so, to such a degree.

tam .. quam : as .. as possible.

tamdiu : for such a long time.

tamen : nothwithstanding, nevertheless, yet, still, for all that.

tamen : however, but.

tametsi : even if, although.

tamisium : sieve, sifter (Herman, p. 308).

tamquam tanquam : as, just as, like as, just as if.

tandem : at last, finally.

tandem : at length.

tango : to touch, besprinkle.

tango-tetigi-tactum : 3, to touch, touch upon, to speak of.

tanquam : adv, just as, as if, like as.

tantillum : such a trifle.

tantillus : so little, so small.

tantum : only.

tantummodo : only just, just so long as.

tantundem : adv, just so much, just as far as.

tantus : so large, so great, of such a size.

tardo : to impede.

tardus : slow, late, tardy.

tardus : sluggish.

Taruennam : Therouanne.

te : (acc.) you /i got YOU, babe.

te : (abl.) you /no one’s sweeter than YOU.

tectum : shelter.

tegmen : covering.

tego : texi : tectum : to cover, bury, conceal, hide, protect, shield.

tego : to conceal.

tela : a web, that which is woven, cloth, tissue.

tellus : region, country, land.

telum : javelin, spear, arrow, bolt, dart.

telum : armament, arms, weapon, spear.

temerarius :* imprudent, bold.

temerarus : temerarius : bold, rash, imprudent, heedless.

temeritas : rashness, temerity, boldness.

temeritas : rashness, boldness.

temero : to profane, desecrate.

temperantia : moderation, self-control, temprance.

tempero : (+abl. or with ab) to keep from, refrain from.

tempero : (+ dat.) to control, use with moderation, spare,.

tempero : to mix properly, temper, regulate, mitigate.

tempero : be moderate, control oneself.

tempestas : storm, weather.

tempestuosus : stormy.

Templovium : Templeuve, villa near Cisoing.

templum : sacred precinct, temple, sometimes church, sanctuary.

temporalis-e : transitory.

temptatio : trial, temptation.

tempus temporis : time, stage, epoch, era.

tenax : grasping, stingy, cligning, frugal, obstinate.

tendo : to direct, try, attempt, stretch, extend, present, give.

tendo : to strive, go, heighten, aggravate.

teneo : to keep on, persist, persevere, endure.

teneo : to hold, keep, possess, maintain.

teneo : to grasp, know, understand.

teneo iter : to hold one’s course, conceive.

teneo : to occupy, keep, hold.

tener tenera tenerum : tender, delicate, soft, young.

tener : tender.

tenor : sense, contents, uninterrupted course, a holding fast.

tentatio : trial, attack, duration, temptation, judgement.

tento : to try, test.

tentorium : tent.

tenuis : thin, slight, feeble, slim, slender.

tenura : holding, tenure, feudal holding, by feudal tenure.

tenus : (prep. with abl) as far as, up to, to, down to.

tenus : (after a name in abl. or gen.) up to, down to as far as.

tepesco : to cool, grow lukewarm, decrease.

tepidus : warm, luke-warm, tepid.

tepidus : lukewarm.

ter : three times, thrice.

terebro : to bore through, perforate.

teres : rounded, polished, smooth, fine, elegant.

terga dare : to flee, retreat, run awar.

tergeo tergo tersi tersum : to wipe, scour, clean.

tergiversatio : backwardness, reulctance, evasion.

tergo (a tergo ) : in the rear, fom behind.

tergum : skin, hide/back, rear.

tergus : the back /skin, hide, leather.

termes : a tree branch (especially olive).

terminatio : termination, determination, setting of boundaries.

termino : restrict, define, close, set a limit to.

terminus : a boundary mark, limit, end, border.

tero : trivi : tritum : to rub, wear out.

terra : earth, ground, land, country, soil.

terrenus : earthly, temporal.

terreo : to frighten, terrify, scare away, deter.

terribilis : dreadful.

terrigenus : indigenous, born from the earth, human being.

territo : to affright.

territo : to fighten, terrify, intimidate.

territo : to scare, frighten, intimidate.

terror : friight, fear, terror.

tersus : clean, neat, correct.

tertius : third.

testificor : to call to witness.

testimonium : proof, evidence, witness, indication.

testis : one who gives evidence, witness, spectator / testicle.

testis : martyr.

texo : to weave, twine together, plait, construct, build.

texo : the main verb for weaving of cloth.

textilis : woven fabric, piece of cloth.

textor textrix : weaver.

textus : woven cloth, web.

thalassinus : sea-green.

theatrum : theater.

theca : case, envelope, covering.

thema thematis : theme.

thema : subject, topic, theme.

theologus : theologian.

theorice : philosophic speculation.

theoricus : meditative, speculative, contemplative.

thermae : warm springs, warm baths.

thesaurus : treasure, horde /store-room, treasury.

thesis : proposition, thesis.

thorax : corselet, breastplate.

thymbra : the herb savory.

thymum : the herb thyme.

tibi: (dat.) you /i can’t give YOU anything but love, baby.

timeo : to fear, be afraid, dread.

timidus : faint-hearted, fearful, timid.

timor : fear, dread/ alarm, object causing fear.

tinnio : to ring.

tiro : new recruit, young recruit.

titubo : to waver.

titulo : to call.

titulus :label, title, placard.

titulus : token.

to order, command.

tolero : to tolerate, bear, endure, sustain.

tollo : to lift .

tollo sustuli sublatum : to lift up, raise, elevate, carry away. .

tollo : to lift up, take away.

tondeo totonsi tonsum : shave, shear, clip, mow, reap, browse.

tonsor : barber.

tormen : tormina : torture.

Tornacense : Tournai.

torpeo : to be sluggish, inert, numb, inactive, immoveable.

torqueo : to twist, curl, rack, torture, torment, distort, test.

torqueo : to turn, turn awry, brandish.

torreo : to roast.

tortitudo : wickedness, insincerity, .

prevarication, injustice, wrong

torva : savage, wild.

tot : so many.

tot : (indecl.) so many.

totidem : just as many.

toties : totiens : so many times, so often.

toto : all togther, completely towards.

totus : whole, entire, complete, all.

toxicum : poison.

traba : a beam of wood, a timber /tree-trunk, ship, table.

tractare : to handle, manage, perform.

tracto : to drag, handle /treat, discuss, deal with.

tracto : to ponder, compass + gen.

tractus : course, progress, movement.

tractus : space, time, lapse /extension, length.

tractus : a dragging, drawing, pulling /territory, tract.

traditio : betrayal.

trado : tradidi : traditum : surrender /hand over /transmit, teach.

trado : to bequeath, deliver, surrender, commit.

traduco in passive : to be borne.

traho : traxi : tractum : to drag, pull /derive, get.

Traiectensium : Utrecht.

Traiectum : Maastricht.

trans : (+ acc.) across.

transcendo : to surpass.

transcurro : to treat briefly.

transeo : to go over, pass over, cross over, go past.

transeo : to pass through, go across.

transfero : transtuli : translatum : carry across, transfer, convey.

transfreto : to cross a strait, to be taken across a strait.

transgredior : to pass beyond.

transigo : transactum : to pass.

transilio : to leap over.

transitus : crossing, passing over, transit /changing, alteration.

translatio : transfer of the body of a saint, celebration of transfer.

translato : to transfer.

transmaritanus : beyond the seas, overseas, outre-mer.

transmeo : to go across.

transmitto : to send, carry, or convey across.

transporto : send, carry, or convey across.

transveho : to convey.

transverbero : to pierce through.

trebuchettum : a trebuchet, a siege engine.

tredecim : (indecl.) thirteen.

Trellum : Trelon, castle in Hannonia.

tremo : to tremble, shake, shudder.

tremor : trembling.

tremulus : quivering, quaking.

trepide : with trepidation, in confusion,.

trepido : to tremble.

trepidus : alarmed.

tres tria : three.

Treverim : Triers.

tribulatio : tribulation.

tribuo : to give out, divide, allot, assign, grant, give, allow.

tribuo : to bestow.

tributarius : subject to tribute.

tributum : payment, tribute.

tricesimus : triduana : lasting three days.

triduana : lasting three days.

triduanus : three days’ duration, lasting three days.

triduum : a period of three days.

trilustralis : lasting for fifteen years.

trimodus : trimodal.

trinus : triple.

tripudio : to leap, jump, dance (as in a religious procession).

tripudio : to celebrate.

tripudium : joy, rejoicing.

tripudium : transport of joy.

triste : sorrowfully, dolefully.

tristifico : to make sad, cause sadness, sadden.

tristis : sad, mournful, sowerful.

tristis : disconsolate, sad.

tristor : to be sad, be grieved.

triticeus : sown in wheat.

tritico : thresh.

triticus : wheat.

Trium Fontium : Trois-Fontaines, Marne, Vitry-le-Francois.

triumphalis : triumphal.

triumphus : triumphal procession, triumph.

trucido : to kill cruelly, slay, butcher, massacre, slaughter.

truculenter : (adv.) wildly, savagely, fiercely, cruelly, roughly.

trudo : to thrust.

trunco : maim, mutilate, mangle /imperfect, not whole, missing a part.

trutino : to balance, weigh.

trux : ferocious.

tu : you.

tuba : war-trumpet.

tubineus : cone shaped.

tueor : to uphold, guard, protect.

tui : your, yours /I read YOUR letter that said, dear john.

tum : at that time, then /thereupon, in the next place.

tumbarius : keeper of a tomb.

tumbus : tumba : tomb.

tumeo : to puff up, swell /to be pompous.

tumesco : to swell up with anger /swell, swell up.

tumidus : elated, arrogant, swollen.

tumor : commotion, swelling.

tumulo : to bury, inter.

tumulosus : hilly.

tumultuarius : raised hastily.

tumultus : bustle, uproar.

tumultuor : to be in an uproar, raise a tumult, [make a] bustle.

tumultuosa : full of bustle, turbulent.

tumultus : uprising, disturbance, riot, tumult.

tumulus : mound, grave, heap of earth.

tunc : then, at that time, next, and then.

Tungris : Tongres.

turba : uproar, disturbance /mob, crowd, multitude.

turba : mob.

turbatio : disturbance, confusion.

turbatus : angered, exasperated/ disturbed, restless, troubled.

turbo : hurricane. tornado, that which spins.

turbo : to disturb, upset, throw into disorder, confuse, unsettle.

turbo : to agitate, disorder.

turbo : whirling motion, whirlwind, whirlpool.

turgida : swollen.

turma : throng.

turpe : a disgrace.

turpis : foul, ugly, disgraceful, morally corrupt.

turpis : unseemly, dishonorable.

turpiter : in an unseemly manner.

turpitudo : baseness.

tussio : to cough.

tussis : a cough.

tutamen : tutaminis : defense, protection.

tutela : protection, guard, charge /guardianship, tutelage.

tutela : care, safeguard[ing].

tutis : protected, safe, secure.

tutor : defender.

tutus : safe, salutary, wholesome, expedient, serviceable.

typus : type.

typicus : symbolic.

tyrannus : tyrant, absolute ruler.

rutilus : shining.



ualeo : to be able to, to succeed in (doing something).

uber : productive, fertile, abundant, rich.

uber : fruitful.

uberrime : most luxuriantly, most abundantly, most fruitfully.

ubertas : bounty, plenty, abundance.

ubertas : plenteousness, richness, fertility.

uberte : abundantly.

ubi : when, as soon as / wherein, whereby, whereas.

ueraciter : more veracious, more truly.

ueratius : more true.

ulciscor : to take vengeance for, avenge / take vengeance on.

ulciscor : to take revenge on, get back at.

ullatenus : in any respect whatever.

ullus : any.

ulterius : farther, more advanced, more remote.

ultio ultionis : avenging, punishment, revenge.

ultor : avenger.

ultra : (+ acc.) : farther (than), more (than).

ultra : (+ acc.) beyond, on the far side of.

ultrix : avenging.

ultroneus : of one’s own accord.

ululatus : howling.

umbra : shade, shadow.

umerus humerus : shoulder, upper arm.

umquam : ever, at any time.

una : (adv.) in one, together.

unanimis : of one mind.

uncia : a twelfth, an ounce.

unciatim : little by little.

unda : billow, water.

unde : whence, from where /how, from whom.

undique : from all sides, everywhere, on all sides, altogether.

undique secus : from every quarter, in every part of the world.

undisonus : resounding, loud with waves.

undo : to surge, wave, undulate /to flood.

unguentum : salve, balm, ointment.

unique, extraordinary, individual, singular.

universa : entire, complete.

universe : generally, in general.

universi : all together.

universitas : the whole, total, universe, world /university.

universum : universe, the world.

universus : combined in one, whole, entire.

unus : one, only one, at the same time/ single, alone /unparalleled.

upilio opilio : shepherd.

uranicus : heavenly.

urbanus : urban, urbane, pertaining to the city.

urbs urbis : city.

urbs : city, town.

uredo : blight of plants.

uredo : a plant blight.

urgeo : to drive, beset, urge.

urino : to dive.

urinor : a diver.

usitas : customary, usual.

usitor : to be in the habit of using.

usquam : anywhere.

usque : all the way, up to), even (to).

usquequaque : always.

ustilo ustulo : to burn, scorch, singe. (Hermann, p. 308).

usura : using, enjoying, profiting /using money lent /interest.

usurpo : to obtain, acquire, get possession of.

usurpo : to take for oneself, use, employ, enjoy /perceive, observe.

usurpo : to appropriate unlawfully.

usus : use, experience, skill, advantage, profit.

ususfructus : profit, the use of something.

ut : (+ subj.) (result) so that, that.

ut : (+ subj.) (purpose) in order that, to, that.

ut : (+ indic.) when, as.

ut : (+ subj.) (command) to, that.

uter : utrius : either of the two.

utercumque : whichever of the two.

uterlibet : whichever of the two you wish.

uterque : (gen. utriusque) both, each side, each party.

uterus : womb, belly, lower stomach.

Uticensium : Evroul.

utilis : useful, advantageous, helpful.

utilis : beneficial.

utilitas : utility, usefulness.

utilitas : utility.

utinam : If only that were true! Would that it were the case!.

utique : at any rate, certainly, at least.

utor : uti : usus : to use, employ, possess, enjoy.

utor : to associate with, find.

utor : to take advantage of, benefit or profit from, use.

utor : with traits of character, yield to

utpote : seeing that, inasmuch as, inasmuch as, since, namely.

utrimque : from both sides, on both sides.

utroque : to both sides, in both directions / at each point.

utrum : whether.

utrum…an: whether .. or.

uxor : wife, spouse.



vacillo : to fall into confusion.

vaco : to be free from work, of a master, of property.

vacuus : empty, devoid of, free from.

vacuus : without, useless.

vado : go, hasten, rush.

vadum : ford, shallows.

vae : (interj.), woe, alas, woe to.

vafra : crafty.

vagitus : squalling.

vagus : vagrant, wandering.

valde : strongly, powerfully /very, exceedingly.

valde : intensely, very much, extremely, greatly.

valde : adj, great, exceedingly.

valde : intensely.

valedico : bid farewell.

valens : stong, powerful, healthy /able, worthwhile.

valentia : vigor.

valeo : valui : valiturus : to be strong, have power, be well.

valeo : to have strength, have power, be effective.

valesco : to grow strong.

valetudo : health, good health, bad health.

valetudo : condition, good health.

validus : strong, robust, able.

validus : mighty, powerful, exceeding.

validus : vigorous.

vallo : to surround, defend.

vallum : palisade, earthen wall, entrenchment, rampart.

vallum : palisaded rampart, ditch, moat.

vapulus : flogged, beaten, knocked about.

varietas : variety, differences, diversity.

varietas : changeableness.

varius : various, varied.

varius : changing, changeable.

vas : vessel, glass, cup.

vasallus : servant.

vastata : ravaged.

vastatio : devastation, ravaging.

vastatio : ravaging.

vates : bard, prophet.

vectigal : revenue.

vectigalis : tributary.

vegetabilis : invigorating.

vegetabiliter : vigorously.

vegeto : to invigorate.

vegetus : lively, fresh, vigorous.

vegrandis : diminutive, small, tiny.

vehemens : violent, furious, impetuous.

vehementer : violently, forcefully, strongly, exceedingly.

vehementer : impetuously.

vehemens : vehement.

vehiculum : conveyance, vehicle.

veho vexi vectum : to carry, convey.

veho : (in the passive) to sail, ride, drive, etc.

veho : to sail, convey, carry.

vel : vel .. vel either .. or.

vel : or, (adv.) even, actually, for example.

velamen : covering, garment.

veles : light-armed troops.

velico : to pluck, twitch /criticize, taunt.

velitatio : skirmish, bickering, dispute, wrangling.

velius : velieris : hide, fleece, skin.

velivola : winged with sails.

vello : velli : vulsum : to pull, pluck out.

velociter: quickly, rapidly, swiftly.

velox : fleet, quick, rapid, swift, fast.

velum : sail, covering, awning, curtain.

velut : adv. just as, like, even as.

vena : vein /stream /vein of ore /streak.

venalia : venial sins /supplies.

venalicium : market.

venalis : to be sold, up for sale /a slave.

venaliter : by bribery, corruption.

venatio : hunting, game, the chase.

venator : hunter, huntsman.

venatus : game.

venditio : sale /closing of a bargain.

vendo : to sell, offer for sale, advertise /betray.

Vendolius : Vendeuil.

veneficus : poisonous, magical /witch, wizard, caster of spells.

venenifer : poisonous.

venenum : drug, poison, potion.

veneratio : respect, reverence, honor, veneration.

venia : grace, indulgence, favor, pardon, forgiveness.

venio : to get into a certain state, to fall into.

venio : to come /happen, come about, come to pass /arise.

venire contra : to come to.

veno : [dative] for sale.

venor : to hunt,.

ventagium : winnowing.

venter : ventris : the stomach, belly, abdomen.

ventilo : to fan /to wave something.

ventilo : to toss in the air.

ventio : a coming.

ventito : to come often, to visit frequently.

ventorium : winnowing fan. .

ventosa : conceited.

ventosus : full of wind, windy, breezy.

ventulus : breeze, soft wind.

ventus : wind, rumor, favor.

venum : [acc] for sale.

venustas : loveliness, charm, attractiveness, beauty.

venustas : loveliness.

venustus : lovely, charming.

vepres : thorn-bush, briar.

ver : spring.

ver : veris : spring, the production of spring.

verber : lashing.

verbera : (in pl.) blows, a beating, thrashing.

verberantia : a flogging.

verbero : to lash, beat, whip, flog.

Verbigena : he who was born of the word (Christ).

verbis suis, meis, etc : in his own name.

verbum : word.

vercundus : bashful, modest.

vere : truly, really, actually, rightly.

vere : in fact, real, true.

verecundia : feeling of shame, shame, bashfulness.

verecundor : to feel diffident, ashamed.

verecundus : shamefaced.

verendus : reverend.

vereor : to respect, fear, be in dread of, to be afraid.

vereor : to fear.

vergo : to bend, incline, verge, to draw to an end.

veridicus : truth-telling.

veritas : truth.

veritas : truthfulness.

vermis : worm.

Vernandense : Vermandois.

verno : to bloom.

vernula : servant.

vero : in truth, indeed, to be sure /however.

verso : to whirl.

versor : to remain, be engaged in.

versus : line, verse.

versutia : ingenuity.

verto : to turn, turn around, turn up / to put to flight, rout.

verto : to flee/ interpret, understand/ upset, overthrow.

verto in prosperum : to turn out well, ascribe, refer.

verto : to turn into, tranform.

verto : [+ yerga, tergam] turn, retreat/ exchange.

verum-i : truth, truly, in fact.

verumtamen verumptamen : notwithstanding, nevertheless.

verus : true, real, proper, right.

vesco, vescor : to feed, to eat.

vesica : bladder, bladder-like tumor.

vesper : evening star, evening.

vespera : evening prayer, vespers.

vespillo : undertaker.

vester : vestra : vestrum : (plu.) your, yours.

vestigium : footstep, trace, mark. soles of the feet.

vestimentum : garment.

vestio : to clothe, garb, dress.

vestis : clothing, garment, covering, blanket, carpet, tapestry.

vestitus : clothing.

vestrum vestri : your yours/ you may sing about YOUR pretty gals.

veter : of a former time.

vetus : old.

vexamen : shake-up, upheaval. .

vexillum : flag, banner, standard /troop, company, small unit.

vexo : to vex, annoy, irritate /shake, toss/ harrass.

via : road, way, street.

viaticus : pertaining to a journey , a journey /money, prize-money.

viator : traveller /messenger.

vicarius : vicar.

vices : per vices — by turns, successively.

vicina : neighbor.

vicinus : neighbor/ (med.) resident.

vicis concor : reciprocal service.

vicis : time, occasion, opportunity, event.

vicissim : in turn, on the other hand.

vicissitudo : alternation.

vicissitudo: change, alteration.

victor : victor, winner.

victoria : victory.

victualia : supplies, foodstuffs, provisions.

victus : living, manner of life / nourishment, food.

victus : victuals, sustenance.

vicus : village, neigborhood, quarter (or a city), street.

videlicet : it is clear/ (adv.) clearly, plainly, namely.

videlicet : (adv.) (ironically) of course, to be sure.

video vidi visum : to see, observe, understand, comprehend.

videor : to be seen, seem, appear.

viduata : deprived, widowed, bereft.

viduatus : widowhood.

viduitas : celibacy.

viduo : to deprive.

vieo : to weave together, stitch, plait.

vietus : shriveled, withered, shrunken.

vigens : vigorous.

vigeo : to flourish, bloom.

vigerius : verger, provost.

vigesco : to become vigorous.

vigilo : to be awake, watch, be vigilant /to keep vigil.

vigor : vigor, liveliness.

vigoratus : stout, heale, hearty.

vigoro : to animate.

vilicus, villicus : pertaining to an estate, overseer, steward.

vilis : cheap, worth little.

vilis : mean, cheap.

vilitas : cheapness, low-price, worthlessness.

villa : country house, country estate /(med.) manor, village.

villa : villa, village, hamlet, court, hof.

villanus : villager, inhabitant of vill or farm, customary tenant.

servile villicus : estate steward.

vinco vici victum : conquer, overcome, master, win, surpass, excel.

vinco : to vanquish, overmatch, excel.

vinculum : bond, fetter, tie.

vinculum : tie, chain.

vindex : avenger.

vindicat se de : to revenge oneself on.

vindico (vindicatum) : claim, arrogate, assume, appropriate.

vindico : to liberate, deliver/ punish, avenge/ claim, assume.

vindico : to avenge, punish, liberate, deliver, protect.

vindico : to claim.

vinea : f, vineyard.

vinitor : vine-dresser (a man who prunes grape vines).

vinum : wine.

violenter : violently, by force.

violentus : boisterous.

violo : to injure.

vipereus : viper-like.

vir : man, hero, man of courage.

virga : a green twig, rod, stick, wand, broom, streak, stripe.

virgo : maiden, virgin, young girl.

virgo : maiden.

viridis : green.

viriliter : manfully.

virtus : manliness, excellence, character, worth, courage.

virtus : valor, prowess, moral virtue, virtuousness,manhood, power.

virus : virus, slime, poison.

vis vires (pl.) : force, power, strength, might, influence.

vis : (sing.) violence /a large number, quantity, a force /nature.

vis : force.

viscus : flesh, internal organs, bowels, entrails, heart.

viscus : viscera : flesh, bowels.

visio : likeness, face, visage.

vispilio : a thief by night, robber.

visum : vision, view, sight.

vita : life, way of life.

vitiosus : vicious, full of vice, corrupt.

vitium : fault, vice, crime.

vito : to avoid, shun.

vitricus : step-father.

vitualamen : sacrifice, offering.

vitualis : manliness, virtues.

vituperabilis : blameworthy.

vituperium : insult.

vitupero : to disparage.

viva vox : an oral statement.

viva voce : aloud.

vivax : lively.

vivifico : to quicken.

vivificus : live-giving, life-restoring.

vivo vixi victum : to live, be alive.

vivo : to live, to sustain, support life.

vix : scarcely, hardly, with difficulty, barely.

vobis : you /i’m talkin’ to YOU, yeah, talkin’ ’bout Cindy.

vobis : you /who knows more than YOU? i do!.

vociferatio : outcry.

vociferor : to cry aloud, shout.

voco in dubium: to call into question.

voco : to call, summon, name invite.

voco : to summon.

volaticus : winged, flying /inconstant, unreliable/ flighty.

volatilis: wuged, flying /swift, rapid /fleeting, transitory.

volator : fowler, hunter of birds.

volatus : velocity.

volens : wishing, willing, favorable.

volito : to rush back and forth, flutter, flit about / hurry, hasten.

volo (sibi velle) : to mean, signify, denote.

volo : to fly, speed, move rapidly.

volo : to wish, want, will, ordain, suppose, maintain that, be willing.

volubilis : rolling, revolving, turning around /changeable, inconstant.

volubilis : (of speech) rapid, fluent, voluble.

volubiliter : fluently.

volucris : flying creature, winged, winged creature.

voluntarius : voluntary.

voluntarius : willing.

voluntas : wish, will, inclination / good will.

voluntas : last will, testament / meaning, sense.

voluntas : will, purpose.

volup : agreeably, pleasantly.

voluptarius : pleasant, one devoted to pleasure.

voluptas : pleasure.

voluptas : sensual delight.

voluptuosus : delightful, pleasurable.

voluptuosus : luxurious, pleasure-seeking.

volutabrum : pigsty, slough.

volutarie : willingly.

volva : vulva : womb (particularly that of a sow).

volvo : to meditate upon, roll on or onwards.

vomer : plowshare.

vomer : ploughshare.

vomica : ulcer, sore, boil /plague, curse.

vomito : to vomit, vomit forth, throw up.

vorago : chasm, pit, abyss.

vorax : gluttonous, voracious.

voro : to eat greedily, swallow up, consume, gorge oneself.

vos : you (pl) /YOU can’t catch me, i’m the gingerbread man.

vos : (acc.) you (pl) /I’ll fight YOU all, then; bring me giants!.

vota : vows, wishes.

votum : prayer, wish, desire /vow, promise to God.

voveo : vovi : votum : to promise to God, vow, pray for.

voveo : to vow.

vox : vocis : voice, word /(med.) power, right, authority.

vox : cry, voice/ jurisdiction, authority.

Vulcanus : fire-god.

vulgaris : common, ordinary, usual.

vulgariter : in the common way, ordinary manner.

vulgivagus : wandering, vagrant, intinerant.

vulgo : to spread, publish, impart, make accessible.

vulgus : the common people, mob, rabble, mass, multitude.

vulnero : to wound, injure, hurt, harm.

vulnus : wound.

vulpes : volpes : fox.

vulticulus : look, aspect, appearance.

vultuosus : grimacing, affected.

vultur : voltur : vulturius : volturius : vulture.

vultus : expression of the face, countenance, look, aspect.

vultus : a face, appearance, shape, form.



xiphias : sword-fish.



ymber : rain shower, rain storm, pelting rain.

ymo : on the contrary, by no means/ by all means.

zelus : jealousy.

zephyr : west wind.


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